• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/128

Click to flip

128 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a psychological dysfunction that is associated with distress or impairment in functioning and a response that is not typical or culturally expected
abnormal behavior
actions that are unexpected and often evaluated negatively because they differ from typical or unusual behavior
abnormal behavior
deviation from the average or the usual
abnormality
sudden beginning of a disease or a disorder
acute onset
a person's age when he or she develops or exhibits sx's of a disease or condition
age of onset
safe refuge; an institution to house mental disordered people
asylum
array of therapy methods based on the principles of behavioral and cognitive science as well as principles of learning as applied to clinical problems. it considers specific behaviors rather than inferred conflict as legitimate targets for change.
behavior therapy
explanation of human behavior, including dysfunction, based on principles of learning and adaptation derived from experimental psychology
behavioral model
explanation of psychological dysfunction that primarily emphasized brain disorder or illness as the cause
biological model
the fear in young boys that they will be mutilated genitally because of their lust for their mothers
castration anxiety
rapid or sudden release of emotional tension thought to be an important factor in psychoanalytic therapy
catharsis
fundamental learning process that described by Pavlov.
classical conditioning
an event that automatically elicits a response is paired with another stimulus event that does not (a neutral stimulus) After repeated pairings, the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus\that by itself can elicit the desired response.
classical conditioning
person who has earned a PhD or related degree in psychology and is trained to conduct reasearch into the causes and treatment of severe psychological disorders as well as to diagnose, assess, and treat them
clinical psychologist
psychodynamic concept this is accumulated wisdom of a culture collected and re-member ed across generations
collective unconscious
collective unconscious
Carl Jung
learned reaction that is elicited by a conditioned stimulus following classical conditioning
conditioned response (CR)
process where behavior is learned or modified thru interaction with the environment
conditioning
environmental event that acquires the ability to elicit a learned response as a result of classical conditioning associated with an unconditioned stimulus
conditioned stimulus (CS)
a pattern of behavior for dealing with anxiety-arousing situation
coping procedure
PhD in psych trained to study and treat adjustment and vocational issues in relatively healthy people
counseling psychologist
psychoanalytic concept involving person issues the therapist brings to professional relationships with clients
countertransference
pattern of development and change of a disorder over time
course
patterns of development in a disorder that help predict its future course. (recurrence, time sequences, and seasonal patterns.)
course modifiers
patterns of behavior to use as coping styles when they occur in moderation, observed in response to particular situation.
defense mechanisms
defensed mechanisms in the unconscious processes originating where
defense mechanisms
study of changes in behavior that occur over time
developmental psychology
Defense mechanism i which a person directs a problem impulse toward a safe substitute
displacement
psychoanalytic therapy method in which dream contents are examined as symbolic of id impulses and intrapsychic conflicts
dream analysis
situation in which an emotional reaction spreads from one individual to others nearby
emotion contagion
rapid or sudden release of emotional tension thought to be an important factor in psychoanalytic therapy
catharsis
fundamental learning process that described by Pavlov.
classical conditioning
an event that automatically elicits a response is paired with another stimulus event that does not (a neutral stimulus) After repeated pairings, the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus\that by itself can elicit the desired response.
classical conditioning
person who has earned a PhD or related degree in psychology and is trained to conduct reasearch into the causes and treatment of severe psychological disorders as well as to diagnose, assess, and treat them
clinical psychologist
psychodynamic concept this is accumulated wisdom of a culture collected and re-member ed across generations
collective unconscious
collective unconscious
Carl Jung
learned reaction that is elicited by a conditioned stimulus following classical conditioning
conditioned response (CR)
process where behavior is learned or modified thru interaction with the environment
conditioning
environmental event that acquires the ability to elicit a learned response as a result of classical conditioning associated with an unconditioned stimulus
conditioned stimulus (CS)
a pattern of behavior for dealing with anxiety-arousing situation
coping procedure
condition of sharing and undertanding of a another person
empathy
pattern of a disorder alternating between recovery and recurrence
episodic course
cause or source of a disorder
etiology
a religious ritual that gets the demons from thier body
exorcism
the procedure of removing that reinforcement or pairing
extinction
in psychoanalysis, stopping or concentrating at a psychosexual stage because of a lack of appropriate gratification at that stage
fixation
therapy technique intended to explore threatening material repressed into the unconscious. the patient is instructed to say what ever comes to mind without censoring
free association
monitoring of a desired behavior, ie,sleeping or compliance by children, less and less frequently to encourange independence
graduated extinction
ranking of human needs from basic food to self acturalization by abraham maslow
hierarchy of needs
ancient belief that psychological disorders were caused by imbalances in bodily humors or fluids
humoral theory
bodily fluids (blood, black and yellow bile, and phlegm)that early theorists believed controlled normal and abnormal functioning
humors
the unconscious psychical entity present at birth representing basic drives
id
the psych entity responsible for finding realistic and practical ways to satisfy id drives
ego
number of new cases of a disorder appearing during a specific time period
incidence
feeling of being inferior to others while striving for superiority
inferiority complex
development of a disorder that occurs gradual over an extended period of time.
insidious onset
opposite of insidious onset is
acute onset
a term that is compared with prevalence
incidence
recognition of the causes of emotional distress
insight
dangerous biological treatment involving the administration of large doses of insulin to induce seizures
insulin shock therapy
the struggles among the id ego and superego
intrapsychic conflict
in object relations theory, the process of incorporating memories and values of individuals who are important and close to the person
introjection
early, nonscientific approach to the study of psychology involving systematic attempts to report thoughts and feelings that specific stimuli evoked
introspection
to be shy and withdrawn
introversion
Thorndike's principle that behaviors are strengthened or weakened by the environmental events that follow them
law of effect
the energy with the id that drives people toward life and fullment
libido
the study of psychological disorders over the entire age range
life-span developmental psychopathology
perjorative, negative term for asylums, the institutions of refuge for the mentally disordered
madhouses
interventions for the relationship of problems of couples, whether married or not
marital therapy
phenomenon in which people in groups share the same fear, delusion, abnormal behavior, or even physical sx's as a result of psychological processes and suggestion
mass hysteria
psychological disorder
mental disorder
mid 19th century effort to improve care of the mentally disordered by informing the public of their mistreatment
mental hygiene movement
19th century psychosocial approach to treatment that involved treating patients as normally as possible in normal environments
moral therapy
a lay term for a severe psychological upset that actually has no meaning in scientific or professional psychopathology
nervous breakdown
obsolete psycho dynamic term for psychological disorder thought to result from unconscious conflicts and the anxiety they cause
neurosis
modern development in psycho-dynamic theory involving the study of how children incorporate the memories and values of people who are close and important to them
object relations
the intrapsyychic struggle within a young boy between his lust for his mother and his fear of castration because of it. the resolution of this complex results in development of the superego
Oedipus complex
fundamental behavioral learning process in which responses are modified by their consequences (reinforcers, punishers, extinction, and so on)
operant conditioning
pt is aware of or oriented to person, place and time, (Pt's identity, location and time)
oriented times three
therapy method in which the client, rather that the counselor, primarily directs the course of discussion, seeking self discovery and self responsibility
person-centered therapy
disorder characterized by marked and persistent fear of an object or a situation
phobia
tendency to seek pleasure and minimize discomfort
pleasure principle
original complaint reported by the client to the therapist.
presenting problem
number of people displaying a disorder in the total population at any given time
prevalence
Freudian notion that anxiety reduction is the principal reinforcement obtained for the display of psychological sx's
primary gain
the id's characteristic mode of thinking, which is emotional, irrational, and preoccupied with sex, aggression, and envy
primary process
predicted future development of a disorder over time
prognosis
nurse who specializes in care and treatment of psych patients, usually in a hospital setting
psychiatric nurse
person who has earned a master of social work (MSW) or occasionally, a doctor of social work (DSW) trained to work withsocial agencies to help psychologically disordered clients and their families
psych social worker
MD degree, specialized in psychiatry during residency training. trained to investigated primarily the biological nature and causes of psychiatric disorders,and to dx and treat them as well
psychiatrist
psychoanalytic assessment and therapy, which emphasizes exploration of and insight into unconscious processes and conflicts
psychoanalysis
father of psychoanalysis
Sigmund Freud
therapist who practices psychoanalysis after earning either an m.d. or PhD.d plus additional specialized post doctoral training
psychoanalyst
a theory that seeks to account for the development and structure o personality as well as the origin of abnormal behavior, based primarily on infereeed inner entities and forces.
psychoanalytic model
psychoanalytic model
Sigmund Freud
contemportay version of psychoanalysis that still emphasize unconscious processes and conflicts but is briefer and more focused on specific problems
psycho-dynamic psychotherapy
psychological dysfunction associated with distress or impairment in functioning that is not a typical or culturally expected response.
psychological disorder
explanation of human behavior and its dysfunction that emphasizes the influence of the social environment and early experience
psychological model
scientific study of psychological disorders
psychopathology
outdated term, similar to psychosomatic medicine, for the study of psychological and social factors influencing physical disorders. th term is misleading because it falsely implies that other psychological problems such as mood disorders do not also have signififcant biological componetnts
psychophysiological disorders
in psychoanalysis, the sequence of phases a person passes through during development. Each state is named for the location on the body where id gratification is maximal at that time.
psycho-sexual stages of development
treatment practices that focus on social and cultural factors such as family experience as well as psychological influences. these approaches incluse cognitive, behavioral, and interpersonal metholds.
psychosocial treatment
known as reserpine, an early med derived from the snake root plant that helps control the agitation and aggressiveness of some psychotic patients
rauwolfia serpentina
the logical reasoning style of the ego that ensures actions are practical and realistic
reality principle
in operant conditioning, consequences for behavior that strengthen it or increase it frequency. Positive reinforcement involves the contingent delivery of a desired consequence; a negative reinforcement is the contingent escape from an aversive consequence. Unwatned behaviors may reeeqult from their reinforcemnt, or the failure to reinforce s\desired behaviors.
reinforcement
reappearance of or return to problem behaviors after treatment or recovery
RELAPSE
concept involving recollections of traumatic events actively eliminated from memory. Controversy surrounds whether recall that seems to occur years later is real or accurate
repressed memories
a process that forces unwanted material from the conscious to the unconscious
repression
rauwofia serpentina
reserpine
instance of mass hysteria in which groups of people experiences a simultaneous compulsion to dance and shout in the streets.
Saint Vitus's Dance
expectation that mental health professionals will apply scientific methods to their work. They must keep current in the latest research on dx and treatment, they must evaluate their own methods for effectiveness, and they may generate their own research to discover new knowledge of disorders and their treatment.
scientist-practitioner model
in operant conditioning, the pattern of consequences following a behavior based on the number of responses emitted or the time intervals between them.
schedules of reinforcement
process emphasized in humanistic psychology in which people strive to achieve their highest potential against difficult life experiences
self-actualizing
% of people with a disorder who are male and female
sex ratio
in operant conditioning, the development of a new response by reinforcing successively more similar versions of that response. Both desirable and undesirable behaviors may be learned in theis manner.
shaping
biological interventions that include medication, ect, and psycho-surgery
somatic treatments
psycho-dynamic defense mechanism in which the person redirects energy from conflict and anxiety into more constrjuctive outlets, such as work
sublimation
the psychical entity representing the internalized moral standards of parents and society
superego
psycho-dynamic assertion that if overty problme behavior (the sx) is treated without illuminating the underlying conflict will reemerge in the new ,perhapsworse, symptons.
symptom substitution
behavioral therapy technique to diminish excessive fears, involving radical exposure to the feared stimulus paired with a positive coping experience, usually relazation
systematic desensitization
tarantism
see st. Vitus's dance
Freudian concept of a human drive toward death and destruction
thanatos
condition in which a disorder improves on its own in a relatively brief period of time
time-limited course
psychoanalytic concept suggesting that clients may seek to relate to the therapist as they do to important authority figures, paraticulary their parents
transference
acceptance by the counselor of the client's feelings and actions without judgement or condemnation
unconditional positive regard
in classical conditioning, the natural or unlearned reaction to the unconditioned stimulus stimulus
unconditioned response (UCR)
environmental event that would elicit a response in almost anyone and requires no learning in classical conditioning, it is paired with a neutral stimulus that, after training, mayh become s conditioned stimulus
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
part of the psychic makeup that is outside the awareness of the person
unconscious