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155 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
¯s
without
a.c.
before meals
ABCD
asymmetry (of shape), border, color, diameter; characteristics associated with skin cancer
ABO
three main blood types
ACE
angiotensin-converting enzyme
ad lib
freely as desired
ADH
antidiuretic hormone; vasopressin
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ALL
acute lymphocytic leukemia
AML
acute myelogenous leukemia
APAP
acetaminophen
ARF
acute renal failure
ASCT
autologous stem cell transplant
b.i.d.
two times a day
baso
basophils
BILI
bilirubin
BMT
bone marrow transplant
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia (also called benign prostatic hypertrophy)
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
bx
biopsy
CAPD
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
caps
capsule
Cath
catheter, catheterization
CBC
complete blood count
cc
cubic centimeter
CCPD
continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
CD4+
protein on T-cell helper lymphocyte that is infected with HIV in AIDS
CKD
chronic kidney disease
CL-
chloride; an electrolyte excreted by the kidney
CLL
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CML
chronic myelogenous leukemia
CMV
cytomegalovirus (causes opportunistic AIDS-related infection)
CRF
chronic renal failure; progressive loss of kidney function
Crypto
cryptococcus (causes opportunistic AIDS-related infection)
cysto
cystoscopic examination
Derm.
dermatology
DIC
disseminated intravascular coagulation
diff.
differential count (white blood cells)
DLE
discoid lupus erythematosus
DRE
digital rectal examination
EBV
epstein-Barr virus, the cause of mononucleosis
ELISA
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (test to detect anti-HIV antibodies)
eos
eosinophils
EPO
erythropoietin
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD
end-stage renal disease; see CKD
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
FDA
Food and Drug Administration
g/dl
gram per deciliter (deciliter= one tenth of a liter)
G-CSF
granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
gm
gram
GM-CSF
granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor
gt, gtt
drops
GU
genitourinary
GVHD
graft versus host disease
h
hour
H and H
hemoglobin and hematocrit
H, Hg, HGB
hemoglobin
h.s.
at bedtime
H2 blocker
histamine H2-receptor antagonist
HAART
Highly active antiretroviral therapy; combinations of drugs that are effective against AIDS
HCO3-
bicarbonate; an electrolyte conserved by the kidney
Hct
hematocrit
HD
Hodgkins disease
HD
hemodialysis
Histo
histoplasmosis (fungal infection seen in AIDS patients)
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus (causes AIDS)
HLA
human leukocyte antigen
HRT
hormone replacement therapy
HSV
herpes simplex virus
HSV
herpes simplex virus
IC
interstitial cystitis; chronic inflammation of the bladder wall; not caused by bacterial infection and not responsive to conventional antibiotic therapy
IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, IgM
immunoglobulins
IL1-15
interleukins
IM
intramuscular
INH
isoniazid (antitubercular agent)
IV
intravenous
IVP
intravenous pyelogram
K+
potassium; an electrolyte
KS
Kaposi sarcoma
KUB
kidney, ureter, and bladder
lymphs
lynphocytes
MAI
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (causes bacterial disease seen in AIDS patients)
MAOI
monoamine oxidase inhibitor; antidepressant
MCH
mean corpuscular hemoglobin, average amount of hemoglobin per cell
MCHC
mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, average concentration of hemoglobin in a single red cell
MCV
mean corpuscular volume, average volume or size of a single red blood cell
mg
milligram
mm^3
cubic millimeter (one millionth of a liter)
MOAB
Monoclonal antibody
mono
monocyte
Na+
sodium; an electrolyte
NHL
non-Hodgkin lymphoma
NK cell
natural killer cell; lymphocyte that recognizes and destroys foreign cells by releasing cytotoxins
NPO
nothing by mouth
NSAID
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
oz.
ounce
p.c.
after meals
p.o.
by mouth
p.r.n.
when requested
PCA
patient-controlled administration
PCP
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PD
peritoneal dialysis
PDR
Physicians' Desk Reference
pH
symbol for degree of acidity or alkalinity
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease
PKU
phenylketonuria
poly, PMN, PMNL
polymorphonuclear leukocyte, neutrophil
PPD
purified protein derivative; skin test for tuberculosis
PSA
prostate-specific antigen
PT
prothrombin time
pt
patient
PTT
partial thromboplastin time
PUVA
psoralen-ultraviolet A light therapy (treatment for psoriasis)
Q(q)
every
q.d.
every day
q.h.
every hour
q.h.s.
every bedtime
q.i.d.
four times a day
q.s.
sufficient quantity
qAM
every morning
qns
quantity not sufficient
qPM
every evening
RBC
red blood cell (red blood cell count)
RPR
rapid plasma reagin (test for syphilis)
RTIs
reverse transcriptase inhibitors
s.o.s.
if necessary
sc,subcut
subcutaneous
sed rate
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
segs
segmented, mature white blood cells
SERM
selective estrogen receptor modulator
sig.
let it be labeled
SL
sublingual
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
SMAC
Sequential Multiple Analyzer Computer, an automated chemistry system that determines substances in serum
sp gr
specific gravity
SSRI
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor; antidepressant
STI
sexually transmitted infections
subcut
subcutaneous
t.i.d.
three times a day
T4
T-cell lymphocyte that is destroyed by the AIDS virus; helper T cells
T8
T-cell lymphocyte (cytotoxic or killer cell)
tab
tablet
TCA
tricyclic antidepressant
Toxo
toxoplasmosis (parasitic infection associated with AIDS)
TRUS
transrectal ultrasound (test to access the prostate gland and to guide the precise placement of a biopsy needle)
TUIP
transurethral incision of the prostate
TUMT
transurethral microwave thermotherapy
TUNA
transurethral needle ablation
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate
UA
urinalysis
uL
microliter ( one millionth of a liter; a liter equals 1.057 quarts)
UTI
urinary tract infection
VCUG
voiding cystourethrogram
WBC
white blood cell (white blood cell count)