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9 Cards in this Set

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backward chaining
A teaching procedure in which a trainer completes all but the last behavior in a chain, which is performed by the learner, who then receives reinforcemnet for completing the chain. When the learner shows competence in performing the final step in the chain, the trainer performs all but he last two behaviors in the chain, the learner emits the final two steps to complete the chain and reinforcement is delivered. This sequence is continued until the learner completes the entire chain independently.
backward chaining with leaps ahead
A backward chaining procedures in which some steps in the task analysis are skipped; used to increase the efficiency of teaching long behavior chains when there is evidence that the skipped steps are in the learner's repetoire
behavior chain
A sequence of responses in which each response produces a stimulus change that functions as conditioned reinforcment for that response and as a discriminitive stimulus for the next response in the chian; reinforcement for the last response in a chain maintains the reinforcing effectiveness of the stimulus changes produced by all previous responses in the chain
behavior chain interruption strategy
An intervention that relies on the participant's skill in performing the critical elements of a chain independently; the chain is interrupted occasionally so that another behavior can be emitted.
behavior chain with a limited hold
A contingency that specifies a time intervala by which a behavior chain must be completed for reinforcment to be delivered
forward chaining
A method for teaching behavior chains that begins with the learner being prompted and taught to perform the first behavior inthe task analysis; the trainer complete the remianing steps in the chain. When the learner shows competence in performing the first step in the chain, he is then taught to performs the first two behaviors in the chain, with the training completeing the chain. This process is continued until the learner completes the entire chain independently
task analysis
the process of breaking a complex skill or series of behaivors into smaller, teachable untis; also refers to the results of this process
total-task chaining
A variation of forward chaining in which the learner receives training on each behavior in the chain during each session
chaining
the way in which specific sequences of stimuli and responses are linked to form new performances