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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
abdomainal distention-causes are 9 f's which are
fat, fluid, feces, fetus, flatus, fibroid, full bladder, false pregnancy, fatal tumor
right hypochodriac
rt lobe of liver
gallbladder
duodenum
hepatic flexure
portion of rt kidney
suprarenal gland
rt lumbar
portion of rt kidney
hepatic flexure of colon
ascending colon
duodenum
jejunum
rt inguiunal
cecum
appendix
ileum
rt ureter
rt spermatic cord
rt ovary
epigastric
pyloris
duodenum
head of pancreas
portion of liver
umbilical
lower duodenum
jejunum and ileum
jejunum and ileum
hypogastic
ileum
bladder [if distended]
uterus[if enlarged]
lt hypochodriac
stomach
spleen
pancreas tail
splenic flexure
upper portion of lt kidney
suprarenal gland
lt lumbar
descending colon
lower half of left kidney
lt inguinal
sigmoid colon
lt ureter
lt spermatic cord
lt ovary
generalized, symmetrical distention indicated
fluid and gas[flatus]
asymmetrical distention indicates
fetus, mass, [fatal]tumor, or stool[feces]
concrete way to measure abdominal distention
is to measure abdominal girth
suface movements of abdomen
peristasis [normal in infants and children], slight aortic pulsation and respiration [normally seen in adult clients]
angles to look at abdomen
look across, look down, ....
how to accentuate a hernia
lye supine and lift head
ausculating sites for bowel sounds
aorta, renal, iliac, femoral
hyperactive bowel sounds/hyperperistalis
bs more than 30 click/min
borborygmi
type of hyperperostalsis which may be audible w/o stethoscope and are characterized by a long stomach ''gurgling''
succussion splash
type of hyperperostalsis, loud sound like splashing water, oftern heard w/o sthescope as client moves from side to side. occurs when ab is filled w/ aire or fluid; indicates delayed gastric emptying from an obstruction or gastric dilatation
hypoactive bs/hypoperistalsis
bs less than 5 clicks/min but present
positive cva tenderness indicates
kidney infection or a musculoskeletal problem