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114 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The study of the heart may incorporate many aspects of anatomy but as a whole you would say it is __________ anatomy.
Gross
An increased rate of breathing as a result of an increased buildup of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream would be an example of ________.
metabolism
Normal body temperature is ________ degrees centigrade.
________ degrees fairenheit
37
98.6
If you consider your home air conditioner in terms of homeostasis then the wall thermostat would be the ________.
control center
The purpose of negative feedback is ________.
to prevent sudden and severe changes within the body
phospholipid is usually ________.
partially hydrophilic and partially hydrophobic
The genetic information is coded in DNA by ________.
the sequence of the nucleotides
Which of the following is not true of proteins?
They appear to be the molecular carriers of the coded hereditary information.
Carbohydrates are stored in the liver and muscles in the form of ________.
glycogen
Coenzymes are ________.
organic molecules derived from vitamins
Which of the following is true regarding the generation of a membrane potential?
Both potassium and sodium ions can "leak" through the cell membrane due to diffusion.
The plasma membrane (cell membrane) is ________.
the phospholipid bilayer surrounding the cell
Which of these is not a function of the plasma membrane?
It prevents potassium ions from leaking out and sodium ions from crossing into the cell.
Cell junctions that promote the coordinated activity of cells by physically binding them together into a cell community include all of the following except ________.
peroxisomes
Phospholipids ________.
are both hydrophilic and hydrophobic in nature
Passive membrane transport processes include ________.
movement of a substance down its concentration gradient
Mitochondria ________.
contain some of the code necessary for their own duplication
DNA replication ________.
takes place during interphase of the cell cycle
Peroxisomes ________.
are able to detoxify substances by enzymatic action
In the maintenance of the cell resting membrane potential ________.
extracellular sodium levels are high
OKI
hello
AA
yes
What word does not have a Blackfeet word?
goodbye
Nii-Sto
me
Naa
him/her
Naa Naa
grandmother/grandfather
Kii-Sto
you
TSA
what
Why do we utiilize the anatomical position?
to talk to medical personel and locate a spot withinin a few cm/mm with directional terms
Regional, Systemic & surface are three areas that ____ is broken down into.
Gross Anantomy
The study of structures too small to be seen with the naked eye.
Microscopic
The study of large body structures visible to the naked eye.
Gross or macroscopic
study of the cell
cytology
study of tissues
histology
Increase glucose, Increase O2. Which does this reaction go and what is it called.
Left to right
cellular metabolism
ATP is what
adenosine triphosphate
energy
Get energy, produce Pi (inoragnic posphate)
Cellular metabolism
What type of feedback do biological systems not like?
Positive
Name three types of positive feedback.
1. labor contractions
2. blood clotting
3. heart attack
The most abundent chemical substance in the body is
H20
above, along the long axis, toward the head
superior
below, along the long axis, toward the tail
inferior
front, most forward bellyside
anterior
back, toward backside of body
posterior
toward the midline
medial
away from the midline or medial
lateral
nearer the trunk or attached end
proximal
farther from the trunk or point of attachment
distal
toward or at the body surface
superficial(external)
away from the body surface, inside
deep (internal)
Describe the anatomical position
body is erect, feet slightly apart, head and toes pointed forward, arms hanging at sides, palms facing forward
Body Plane: down the median line but not center
para sagittal
Body Plane: down the center
mid sagittal; right and left
Body Plane: longitudal, divides into anterior/postior parts
frontal (coronal)
Body Plane: horizontal, dividing superior & inferior parts
transverse (horizontal, cross section)
Composed of all atoms and molecules necessary to maintain life
chemical level
cells are made of molecules
cellular level
consists of similiar types of cells
tissue level
made of up different types of tissue
organslevel
consists of different organs that work closely together
system level
made up of the organ system
organism level (human)
Why are we always changing?
Because our external environment is changing
irratability
Body requires what to survive?
nutrients, 02, H20
Plasma membrane is made of
phospholipids
Phospholipids are
hydrophyllic & hydrophobic
What is the most abundent protein in the body?
collagen
pH is what?
relative acidity of a solution
pH 7 is
neutral
above pH 7 is
base
below pH 7 is
acidic
Human pH is what range?
pH 7.35-7.45
pH is too high or too low what happens?
proteins denature amino acids hydrolyze from hydrogen concentration
The most abundent ion outside the cell?
sodium
The most abundent ion inside the cell?
potassium
Resting membrane potential is between
sodium + potassium
Passive membrane transport processes include ________.
movement of a substance down its concentration gradient
Mitochondria ________.
contain some of the code necessary for their own duplication
DNA replication ________.
takes place during interphase of the cell cycle
Peroxisomes ________.
are able to detoxify substances by enzymatic action
In the maintenance of the cell resting membrane potential ________.
extracellular sodium levels are high
OKI
hello
AA
yes
What word does not have a Blackfeet word?
goodbye
Nii-Sto
me
Naa
him/her
Naa Naa
grandmother/grandfather
Kii-Sto
you
TSA
what
Why do we utiilize the anatomical position?
to talk to medical personel and locate a spot withinin a few cm/mm with directional terms
Regional, Systemic & surface are three areas that ____ is broken down into.
Gross Anantomy
Intracellular proteins are called?
anion
Anions functions is to act like a
buffer
Enzymes lower the what?
activation energy required
What is 2 substates mixed together?
catalyst
Redox reaction is
to give or take electrons; transport electrons
Transports energy; provides mechanical & chemical energy
ATP
the process by which various macromolecules are transported across the interior of a cell; epithelium, Blood capillaries, neurons and intestinal cells
trancytosis
Inside cell: +NaCl/H2O
(distilled water relationship)
Hypotonic (cell could explode)
Inside cell: -NaCl/H2O
(3% solution)
Hypertonic (cell shrinks)
Inside cell: NaCl/H20 equal
(85% solution)
Isotonic (no movement, concentrations equal)
diffusion of a solvent through a membrane from a dilute solution into a more concentrated one
osmosis
Three types of junctions are
1. gap
2. tight
3. desmosones
a passaage way between two adjacent cells; formed by transmembrane proteins called connexons
gap junction
cell junction composed of thickened plasma membranes joined by filaments
desmosones
areas were plasma membrandes of adjacent cells are fused
tight junction
proteins anchoring to one another between cells is what type of junction?
tight
interlocking tissue is what type of junction?
desmosome
intracellular commication is what type of junction?
gap
H20 + CO2 --- H2CO3 ---
-HCO3 + [H+]
The -HCO3 is what?
bicarbonate
ATP --- ADP + Pi
energy creating inorganic phosphate, mechanical energy = mobility
~ is what in an equation?
high energy bond
pH equation is
pH = -log [H+]
H20 + CO2 --- H2CO3 ---
-HCO2 + [H+] is the equation for what?
The buffering system to maintain the concentration of pH
Glucose + 02 --- H20 + CO2 is the equation for what?
cellular metabolism
humans are top arrow going right; take in glucose + 02; breath out CO2, make H20