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98 Cards in this Set

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WHAT ARE GENERAL SENSE ORGANS?
1. OFTEN EXIST AS INDIVIDUAL CELLS OR RECEPTOR UNITS

2. WIDELY DISTRIBUTED THROUGHOUT THE BODY.
WHAT ARE SPECIAL SENSE ORGANS?
1. LARGE AND COMPLEX ORGANS

2. LOCALIZED GROUPING OF SPECIALIZED RECEPTORS
WHAT ARE THE GENERAL SENSES?
1. PAIN
2. TOUCH
3. TEMPERATURE
4. PRESSURE
5. POSITION
AN ORGAN PRESENT ONLY DURING PREGNANCY THAT SECRETES HORMONES NEEDED FOR NORMAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE EMBRYO?
PLACENTA
THE HORMONE FROM THE POSTERIOR PITUITARY THAT CAUSES UTERINE CONTRACTION?
OXYTOCIN
THE MAIN HORMONE OF THE ADRENAL MEDULLA THAT, AMONG OTHER ACTIONS, RAISES BLOOD PRESSURE AND INCREASES THE HEART RATE?
EPINEPHRINE
THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY HORMONE THAT STIMULATES THE ADRENAL CORTEX?
ACTH
A FEMALE SEX HORMONE THAT MOST NEARLY PARALLELS MALE TESTOSTERONE IN ITS ACTION?
ESTROGEN
THE HORMONE FROM THE ADRENAL CORTEX THAT REGULATES THE REABSORPTION OF SODIUM AND POTASSIUM IN THE KIDNEY TUBULES?
ALDOSTERONE
THE ORGAN THAT PRODUCES ERYTHROPOIETIN, A HORMONE THAT STIMULATES PRODUCTION OF RED BLOOD CELLS?
KIDNEY
A GONADOTROPIC HORMONE?
LUTEINIZING HORMONE
WHAT ARE THE LAYERS (TUNICS)(COATS) OF THE EYEBALL?
1. SCLERA
2. CHOROID
3. RETINA
THE STRUCTURES THAT REFRACT LIGHT AS IT PASSES THROUGH THE EYE TO THE RETINA ARE:
1. CORNEA
2. AQUEOUS HUMOR
3. LENS
4. VITREOUS HUMOR
AN ALTERNATE NAME FOR GROWTH HORMONE?
SOMATOTROPIN
THE HORMONE PRODUCED IN THE POSTERIOR LOBE OF THE PITUITARY THAT REGULATES WATER REABSORPTION OF THE KIDNEY?
ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE
DESCRIBE CONVERTING A STIMULUS INTO A SENSATION:
1. ALL SENSE ORGANS HAVE COMMON FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS

2. ALL ARE ABLE TO DETECT A PARTICULAR STIMULUS

3. A STIMULUS IS CONVERTED INTO A NERVE IMPULSE

4. A NERVE IMPULSE IS PERCEIVED AS A SENSATION IN THE CNS
THE LARGEST OF THE ENDOCRINE GLANDS?
THYROID GLAND
A SUBSTANCE PRODUCED BY AN ENDOCRINE GLAND?
HORMONE
THE ENDOCRINE GLAND COMPOSED OF A CORTEX AND MUDULLA, EACH WITH SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS?
ADRENOL GLAND
THE TINY GLANDS LOCATED BEHIND THE THYROID GLAND?
PARATHYROIDS
THE PART OF THE BRAIN THAT CONTROLS THE PITUITARY GLAND?
HYPOTHALAMUS (A REGION OF THE DIENCEPHALON OF THE BRAIN)
THE GROUPS OF HORMONE-SECRETING CELLS SCATTERED THROUGHOUT THE PANCREAS?
ISLETS
THAT GLAND IN THE BRAIN THAT IS REGULATED BY LIGHT?
PINEAL GLAND
ANOTHER NAME FOR ADRENAL GLAND?
SUPRRENAL GLAND
THE SPECIFIC CELLS ON WHICH A HORMONE WORKS?
TARGET TISSUE
THE HORMONE PRODUCED BY THE THYROID GLAND THAT IS ACTIVE IN CALCIUM METABOLISM?
CALCITONIN
THE SELF REGULATING MECHANISM THAT CONTROLS HORMONE PRODUCTION?
NEGATIVE FEEDBACK
THE ENDOCRINE GLAND THAT IS DIVIDED INTO AN ANTERIOR AND A POSTERIOR LOBE?
PITUITARY GLAND
THE INNER PART OF THE ADRENAL GLAND?
MEDULLA
THE HORMONE PRODUCED BY THE PINEAL GLAND?
MELATONIN
THE HORMONE THAT IS THE MAIN REGULATOR OF HEAT AND ENERGY PRODUCTION IN THE BODY?
THYROXINE
A BUILDING BLOCK OF PROTEIN HORMONES?
AMINO ACID
A HORMONE THAT LOWERS THE LEVEL OF SUGAR IN THE BLOOD?
INSULIN
THE CHEMICAL ELEMENT THAT IS NEEDED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF THYROXINE?
IODINE
A SECRETION THAT RAISES THE LEVEL OF CALCIUM IN THE BLOOD?
PARATHYROID HORMONE
THE COMMON NAME FOR EPINEPHRINE?
ADRENALINE
A SECRETION FROM THE HYPOTHALAMUS THAT STIMULATES ACTIVITY OF THE ANTERIOR LOBE OF THE PITUITARY?
RELEASING HORMONE
THE CHEMICAL CATEGORY THAT INCLUDES THE SEX HORMONES AND THE HORMONES OF THE ADRENAL CORTEX?
steroids
A HORMONE RELEASED BY THE ADRENAL CORTEX DURING STRESSFUL SITUATIONS THAT ACTS TO REDUCE INFLAMMATION?
CORTISOL
THE HORMONE THAT AIDS IN MATURATION OF THE T CELLS NEEDED FOR IMMUNITY?
THYMOSIN
THE HORMONE PRODUCED BY THE PANCREATIC ISLETS THAT RAISES BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS?
GLUCAGON
THE PART OF THE PITUITARY GLAND CONNECTED TO THE HYPOTHALAMUS BY A PORTAL SYSTEM?
ANTERIOR LOBE
THE ELEMENT REGULATED BY HYDROXYCHOLECALCIFEROL, A HORMONE PRODUCED FROM VITAMIN D?
CALCIUM
WHAT ARE THE SPECIAL SENSES?
1. VISION
2. HEARING
3. EQUILIBRIUM
4. TASTE
5. SMELL
*PITUITARY GLAND / ANTERIOR LOBE

FOLLICLE-STIMULATING HORMONE (FSH) HAS THIS FUNCTION FOR MALES?
PRODUCES SPERM
*PITUITARY GLAND/ ANTERIOR LOBE

FOLLICLE-STIMULATING HORMONE (FSH) HAS THIS FUNCTION IN FEMALES?
STIMULATES OVARIAN FOLLICLES TO MATURE AND PRODUCE ESTROGEN
*PITUITARY GLAND/ ANTERIOR LOBE

GROWTH HORMONE OR SOMATOTROPIN HAS WHAT FUNCTION?
PROMOTES GROWTH OF ALL TISSUES
*PITUITARY GLAND/ ANTERIOR LOBE

INTERSTITIAL CELL-STIMULATING HORMONE (ICSH) HAS WHAT FUNCTION?
FOR MALES ONLY, TESTOSTERONE SECRETION
*PITUITARY GLAND/ ANTERIOR LOBE

PROLACTIN HAS THIS FUNCTION?
STIMULATES PRODUCTION OF MILK BY BREASTS
*PITUITARY GLAND/ ANTERIOR LOBE

THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH) HAS THIS FUNCTION?
STIMULATES THYROID GLAND TO GROW AND PRODUCE THYROID HORMONE
*PITUITARY GLAND/ POSTERIOR LOBE

ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE (ADH) HAS THIS FUNCTION?
PROMOTES WATER REABSORPTION FROM KIDNEYS TO THE BLOOD
*PITUITARY GLAND/ POSTERIOR LOBE

OXYTOCIN HAS THIS FUNCTION?
1. STIMULATES UTERINE CONTRACTIONS

2. STIMULATES RELEASE OF MILK FROM BREASTS
*PITUITARY GLAND/ANTERIOR LOBE

LUTEINIZING HORMONE (LH) HAS THIS FUNCTION?
OVULATION
*SENSE ORGANS

PROTECTION OF THE EYEBALL
1. CUSHION OF FAT THE EYE LIES ON
2. BODY ORBIT
3. EYELID & EYELASHES & THE BLINK REFLEX
4. TEARS (LACRIMAL GLANDS)
5. CONJUNCTIVA
6. SEBACEOUS GLANDS SECRETE OIL AND LUBRICATE
* PITUITARY GLAND / ANTERIOR LOBE

ADRENOCORTICOTROPIC HORMONE (ACTH) HAS THIS FUNCTION?
STIMULATES ADRENAL CORTEX TO SECRETE ITS HORMONES
*THYROID GLAND/ NECK

THYROXINE (T4) & TRIIODOTHYRONINE (T3), WHAT IS THE FUNCTION?
INCREASES PRODUCTION OF ENERGY
WHAT ARE HORMONES?
CHEMICAL MESSENGERS SECRETED BY ENDOCRINE GLANDS
WHAT IS THE VESTIBULE?
THE AREA BETWEEN THE SEMICIRCULAR CANALS AND THE COCHLEA
WHAT ARE LACRIMAL GLANDS?
ANOTHER NAME FOR TEAR GLANDS
THESE ARE LOCATED ON TOP OF EACH KIDNEY?
ADRENAL GLANDS
DUE TO IT'S MANY HORMONES AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON OTHER ENDOCRINE GLANDS, THE PITUITARY GLAND IS CALLED THIS?
MASTER GLAND
THIS IS THE CONNECTING PIECE BETWEEN THE 2 LOBES OF THE THYROID GLAND?
ISTHMUS
THE HEARING RECEPTORS ARE FOUND IN THIS PART OF THE INNER EAR
COCHLEA
THESE NERVES CARRY THE IMPULSES FOR HEARING AND BALANCE TO THE BRAIN
ACOUSTIC NERVES
THESE BONES VIBRATE TO CARRY SOUND FROM THE OUTER EAR TO THE INNER EAR?
MALLEUS, INCUS AND STAPES
THE MOVEMENT OF FLUID IN AND OUT OF THESE EXCITE RECEPTORS FOR BALANCE?
SEMICIRCULAR CANALS
THESE ARE FOUND IN THE VESTIBULE?
CALCIUM STONES EMBEDDED IN A GELANTINOUS SUBSTANCE
THIS LAYER OF THE EYEBALL PREVENTS LIGHT FROM SCATTERING (KEEPS THE LIGHT INSIDE THE EYEBALL)?
CHOROID
LOSS OF THIS FROM THE POSTERIOR CHAMBER WILL CHANGE THE SHAPE OF THE EYEBALL AND DISTORT VISTION?
VITREOUS HUMOR
WHAT IS THE REFRACTIVE STRUCTURE THAT CHANGES THE BEND OF LIGHT?
LENS
THE NERVE IMPULSES MADE BY THE RODS AND CONES ARE CARRIED BY THE BRAIN BY THIS NERVE
OPTIC NERVES
THIS STRUCTURE ALLOWS LIGHT INTO THE EYE
CORNEA
THE POINT OF SHARPEST VISION ON THE RETINA IS THIS?
FOVEA CENTRALIS
THE TYPE OF MUSCLE FIBERS THAT CONSTRICT THE PUPIL WHEN THEY CONTRACT?
CIRCULAR
THE "WHITE" IN THE EYES?
SCLERA
AQUEOUS HUMOR IS FOUND HERE?
ANTERIOR CHAMBER
THE PIGMENTED MUSCLE OF THE EYE
IRIS
THE PART OF THE EAR THAT IS EXTERNAL
AURICLE OR PINNA
THE UNIQUE STRUCTURE OF THE INNER EAR INCLUDES THESE 2 FLUIDS?
PERILYMPH AND ENDOLYMPH
WHAT ARE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE EAR?
HEARING, BALANCE AND WEARING EARS
IT CONNECTS THE THROAT TO THE MIDDLE EAR?
EUSTACHIAN TUBE
THESE KEEP THE EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL MOIST?
CERUMINOUS GLANDS
THE 3 WAYS ENDOCRINE GLANDS ARE STIMULATED TO RELEASE THEIR HORMONES?
1, NERVE 2, IMPULSE BY A HORMONE, 3, BY A NEGATIVE FEEDBACK
THIS MINOR ENDOCRINE GLAND IS IMPORTANT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM?
THYMUS GLAND
THIS IS FOUND IN THE DIP OF THE SPHENOID BONE?
PITUITARY GLAND
THIS MINERAL IS NEEDED TO PRODUCE THYROXINE?
IODINE
THESE MAKE THE BIG DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ENDOCRINE AND EXOCRINE GLANDS?
DUCTS
THE BREAKDOWN OF GLYCOGEN TO GLUCOSE?
GLYCOGENOLYSIS
THESE SUBSTANCES ARE IN A VARIETY OF TISSUES AND ACT LIKE HORMONES BUT DO THEIR FUNCTIONS LOCALLY?
PROSTAGLANDINS
THE INNER PART OF THE ADRENAL GLANDS?
ADRENAL MEDULLA
BETA AND ALPHA CELLS THAT PRODUCE HORMONES ARE FOUND HERE?
PANCREAS
OXYTOCIN IS SECRETED BY THIS GLAND?
POSTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
THESE 2 HORMONES ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR KEEPING THE BLOOD GLUCOSE BETWEEN 80-120 MG PER 100 ML OF BLOOD?
GLUCOGON AND INSULIN
THIS HORMONE INCREASES WATER REABSORPTION FROM THE KIDNEY TO THE BLOOD?
ANTIDIURETIC HORMONES
THIS GROUP OF HORMONES WORK WHEN THE BODY IS UNDER STRESS IN ORDER TO KEEP PLENTY OF SUGAR AVAILABLE FOR ENERGY?
GLUCOCORTICOIDS
THESE 2 HORMONES HAVE THE OPPOSITE EFFECT ON CALCIUM LEVELS IN THE BLOOD?
CALCITONIN AND PARATHYROID HORMONES
THE AREA BETWEEN THE SEMICIRCULAR CANALS AND THE COCHLEA?
VESTIBULE
CLASSIFICATION BY TYPE OF STIMULI REQUIRED TO ACTIVATE RECEPTORS,
1. PHOTORECEPTORS-LIGHT
2. CHEMORECEPTORS-CHEMICALS
3. PAIN RECEPTORS-INJURY
4. THERMORECEPTORS-TEMPERATURE CHANGE
5. MECHANORECEPTORS-MOVEMENT OR DEFORMING OF CAPSULE.
6. PROPRIOCEPTORS-POSITION OF BODY PARTS OR CHANGES IN MUSCLE LENGTH OR TENSION.