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10 Cards in this Set

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What is the most important common feature of all organisms
Life
List the six essential characteristics of life
Organization, metabolism, responsiveness, growth, development, and reproduction
Explain this characteristic of life: Organization
the condition in which the parts of an organism have specific relationships to each other and the parts interact to perform specific functions.
Explain this characteristic of life: Metabolism
is all of the chemical reactions taking place in an organism. Metabolism is necessary for vital functions, such as responsivenes, growth, development, and reproduction
Explain this characteristic of life: Responsiveness
the ability of an organism to sense changes in its external or internal enviornment and adjust to those changes.
Explain this characteristic of life: Growth
happens when cells increase in size or number, which produces an overall enlargement of all or part of an organism.
Explain this characteristic of life: Development
includes the changes an organism undergoes through time; it begins with fertilization and ends at death. Usually involves growth, but it also involves differentiation and morphogenesis.
(Development)

Differentiation
is change in cell structure and function from generalized to specialized
(Development)

Morphogenesis
is change in the shape of tissues, organs, and the entire organism
Explain this characteristic of life: Reproduction
is the formation of new cells or new organisms