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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sesamoid bone that forms the knee cap
PATELLA
notch found just above the Ischial tuberosity on the ischium
LESSER SCIATIC NOTCH
Massive portion of the vertebral column, receives the most stress, consists of 5 vertebrae.
LUMBAR VERTEBRAE
The superior portion of the sternum
MANUBRIUM
Articular medial surface found at the distal head of the femur & proximal end of tibia, form the surface for the kneecap.
MEDIAL CONDYLE
Bone found in the foot, proximal to the 1st metatarsal
MEDIAL CUNEIFORM
Attachment site for ligaments found at the distal portion of the femurs & tibias.
MEDIAL EPICONDYLE
Forms the medial bulge of the ankle, projecting from the distal end of the tibia.
MEDIAL MALLEOLUS
The core of the diaphysis, filled with yellow bone marrow.
MEDULLARY CAVITY
Semi-lunar shaped fibrocartilagionous discs found in the knee joint.
MENISCUS
A Widened area at each end of the diaphysis that joins the shank of the bone to its heads.
METAPHYSIS
Soft, jelly-like substance found in the center of the intervertebral disc.
NUCLEUS PULPOSUS
An opening in the compact bone that allows passage of the nutrient vein & artery.
NUTRIENT FORAMEN
Vein found in compact bone; carries nutrients within the diaphysis & epiphysis
NUTRIENT VEIN
Large space between the pubis & ischium, closed by a fibrous membrane.
OBTURATOR
Bone forming cells
OSTEOBLASTS
an entrapped osteoblast found in lacunae
OSTEOCYTE
Bone formation in embryonic development
OSTEOGENESIS
cylinder of bone surrounding a central canal containing blood vessels, found in Haversian systems
OSTEONS
Decalcification of bones leading to bone weakness
OSTEOPOROSIS
Incomplete circle of bones consisting of the clavicles & scapulae
PECTORAL GIRDLE
Bilateral short, thick processes projecting posteriorly from the body of vertebral discs
PEDICLES
Name given to the circumference of the oblique plane found within the greater & lesser pelvis
PELVIC BRIM
Complete girdle consisting of the ilium, ischium, & pubis bones.
PELVIC GIRDLE
membranous capsule that surrounds the cartilage of developing bone
PERICHONDRIUM
Membrane surrounding a long bone.
PERIOSTEUM
Bones found in the hand & feet(fingers & toes)
PHALANGES
singular form of the word for fingers & toes (phalanges)
PHALANX
Round end of 1 bone fits into a ring formed by an encircling ligament on the end of the other bone, allowing the 1st to rotate around its long axis. (i.e. atlas & axis of c-spine)
PIVOT JOINT
Flat planes, only short gliding movements are possible & neither bone can rotate around its axis. (i.e. intervertebral joints)
PLANE JOINT
Exists at the juncture of lambdoidal & sagittal sutures during infancy
POSTERIOR FONTANEL
A distinct projection from the bone surface.
PROCESS
The anterior border of the pubis is thickened to form this ridge.
PUBIC CREST
Midline cartilaginous amphiarthrotic joint uniting the left & right pubic bones.
PUBIC SYMPHYSIS
Descends along the shaft of the radius, marking the route of the radial nerve.
RADIAL GROOVE
Notch found on the proximal end of the ulna, medial aspect, articulates with the proximal head of the radius
RADIAL NOTCH
The attachment site for the bicep muscle, found just distal to the radius' head
RADIAL TUBEROSITY
The lighter of the 2 portions of the ischium, anteriorly joins to the pubis
RAMUS
Medial portion of the sacrum, formed by the fused vertebral spines of this section
SACRAL CREST
Part of the sacrum, allow passage of the sacral spinal nerves, there are 4 pairs
SACRAL FORAMINA
The opening found at the end of the sacrum
SACRAL HIATUS
Type of joint, the jointed articular surfaces fit together like a rider & saddle, i.e. thumb joint
SADDLE JOINTS
Seed-shaped bone as found in the patella
SESAMOID
Collagen fibers that anchor the periosteum to the underlying bone
SHARPEY'S FIBERS
Bilateral branches of the spinal cord that pass in the spaces between the pedicles of adjacent vertebrae
SPINAL NERVES
Type of bone tissue composed of a network of mineralized spicules, also called cancellous bone
SPONGY BONE
The breastbone
STERNUM
Protrusion found at the distal head of the ulna, & distal end of the radius, attachment sites for ligaments
STYLOID PROCESS
Bilateral articular surfaces found on thoracic vertebrae, serve as joint surfaces for the ribs
SUPERIOR FACETS
Superior medial portion of the Pubis (pair)
SUPERIOR RAMUS
Immovable joints found throughout the cranium
SUTURE
Name given to joints that are inflexible
SYNARTHROTIC
An immovable joint formed by connective tissue between two bones
SYNDESMOSIS
In this type of joint, a cartilaginous joint cavity is formed at the ends of the jointed bones
SYNOVIAL JOINTS
Membrane found in the articular capsule of synovial joints containing fluid
SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE
Tarsal bone that articulates with the tibia & fibia
TALUS
Cluster of 7 bones that make up the foot, between the leg bones & metatarsals
TARSALS
Group of 12 vertebrae jointed to the ribs
THORACIC VERTEBRAE
Point of attachment of the patellar tendon, found on the anterior surface of the tibia, just inferior to the condyles
TIBIAL TUBEROSITY
Medial portion of the distal end of the humerus, articulates with the ulna
TROCHLEA
Notch found on the distal part of the radius, articulates with the distal head of the ulna.
ULNAR NOTCH
The 8th, 9th, & 10th pairs of ribs, not connected to the sternum
VERTEBROCHONDRAL RIBS
Branches of blood vessels pass from one osteon to another through these passages in the compact bone
VOLKMANN'S CANALS
A network of interlaced trabeculae penetrated by numerous large channels containing blood vessels; formed during intramembranous osteogenesis
WOVEN BONE
The joint found in the sternum between the body & xiphoid process
XIPHISTERNAL JOINT