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30 Cards in this Set

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ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND

THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE(TSH)
THYROID GLAND

STIMULATES THE THYROID GLAND TO PRODUCE THYROID HORMONES (T3 AND T4)
ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND



Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
ADRENAL CORTEX

STIMULATES THE ADRENAL CORTEX TO SECRETE CORTISOL & CORTICAL HORMONES; ESPECIALLY CORTISOL
ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND


Follicle-stimulating hormone
(FSH)
GONADS, OVARIES & TESTIES

STIMULATES THE DEVELOPMENT OF OVA & SPERM; ALSO STIMULATES SECRETION OF ESTROGEN IN WOMEN
ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND

Luteinizing hormone (LH)
GONADS, OVARIES & TESTIES


CAUSE OVULATION IN WOMEN, STIMULATES SECRETION OF PROGESTERONE IN WOMEN AND TESTOSTERONE IN MEN.
ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND

Growth hormone (GH)
BONES & SOFT TISSUE

PROMOTES GROWTH OF ALL TISSUES
ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND

Prolactin
(lactogenic hormone)
MAMMARY GLANDS

STIMULATES MILK PRODUCTION
POSTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
(NEUROHYPOPHYSIS)

ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE
(ADH)
KIDNEY, BLOOD VESSELS


STIMULATES WATER; ALSO CONSTRICTS BLOOD VESSELS
POSTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
(NEUROHPOHYSIS)

Oxytocin
UTERUS, MAMMARY GLANDS


CONTRACTS UTERINE MUSCLE DUING LABOR; RELEASES OR EJECTS MILK FROM MAMMARY GLANDS
Hypothalamus GLAND


Releasing & RELEASE INHIBITING HORMONES
ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND
ADRENAL GLANDS

MEDULLA
SMALL AMOUNT OF NOREPINEPHRINE

MANY TISSUES ESPECIALLY HEART & BLOOD VESSELS

STIMULATES "FIGHT OR FLIGHT"
THYROID GLAND
Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3)
ALL TISSUES

STIMULATES METABOLIC RATE; REGULATES GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT
THYROID GLAND

Calcitonin
BONES & KIDNEYS

LOWERS BLOOD CALCIUM
Parathyroid GLAND

Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
BONES, KIDNEYS, AND INTESTINES

CAUSES BONE RESORPTIONS OF BLOOD CALCIUM; STIMULATES RESORPTION OF CALCIUM BY TH KIDNEYS & INTESTINES; STIMULTES THE EXCRETION OF PHOSPHATE BY THE KIDNEYS
ADRENAL GLANDS

MEDULLA
EPINEPHRINE

MANY TISSUES ESPECIALLY HEART & BLOOD VESSELS

STIMULATES "FIGHT OR FLIGHT"
ADRENAL GLANDS

CORTEX
GLUCOCORTICOIDS (CORTISOL)

ALL TISSUES

HELPS REGULATE METABOLISM OF CARBOHYDRATES, PROTEIN & FAT, PART OF THE STRESS RESPONSE
ADRENAL GLANDS

CORTEX
MINERAL CORTICOIDS
(ALDOSTERONE)

KIDNEYS

STIMULATES THE KIDNEYS TO REABSORB SODIUM & EXCRETE POTASSIUM
ADRENAL GLANDS


CORTEX
SEX HORMONES

SEX ORGANS, BONE MUSCLE & SKIN

STIMULATES THE DEVELOPMENT OF SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS IN MALE & FEMALE
PANCREAS

ISLETS OF LANGERHANS (ALPHA CELLS)
GLUCAGON

RAISES BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS
PANCREAS

INSLETS OF LANGERHANS (BETA CELLS)
INSULIN

LOWERS BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS
GONADS

OVARIES
ESTROGEN & PROGESTERONE
GONADS

TESTIES
ANDROGEN

(TESTOSTERONE)
GONADS

THYMUS GLAND
THYMOSIN
GONADS


PINEAL GLAND
MELATONIN

HELPS SET BIORYTHMS THOUGHT TO BE THE "BIOLOGICAL CLOCK"
GIGANTISM

ACROMEGALY
HYPERSECRETION OF GROWTH HORMONES DURING EARLY YEARS OF LIFE
DWARFISM
HYPOSECRETION OF GROWTH HORMONES DURING EARLY YEARS OF LIFE
HYPOTHYROIDISM
LOW DIETARY INTACT OF IODINE CAN CAUSE ENLARGEMENT OF THYROID GLAND CALLED SIMPLE GOITER.
CRETINISM
HYPOSECRETION OF THYROID HORMONES DURING FORMATIVE YEARS. CHARACTERIZED BY LOW METABOLIC RATE, RETARDED GROWTH, SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT, AND MENTAL RETARDATION
MYXEDEMA
DIFFICIENCY OF THYROID HORMONE, CHARCTERIZED BY LESSENED MENTAL AND PHYSICAL VIGOR, WEIGHT GAIN, HAIR LOSS, FLUID AROUND EYES.
CUSHING SYNDROME
HYPERSECRETION OF GLUCOCORTICOIDS, CHARACTERIZED MOON FACE, BUFFALO HUMP.
ADDISON'S DISEASE
DIFFICIENCY OR HYPOSECRETION OF ADRENAL CORTEX HORMONES

MUSCLE WEAKNESS, HYPOGLYCEMIA, NAUSEA, LOSS OF APPETITE AND WEIGHT LOSS

JOHN KENNEDY