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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The system of shared power used by our national government is called?
What happened on September 17, 1787?
The delegates of the Constitutional Convention signed the Constitution of the United States
In what year did France and Britain go to war with each other & the British begin "Impressment" of American soldiers?
Which state was the ninth state to ratify the Constitution on June 21, 1788?
New Hampshire
What 3 of the responsibilities of Congress, the Legislative Branch?
1. Pass Laws
2. Override Vetos
3. Confirm Presidential Appointments
4. Approve Treaties
5. Impeach the President
6. Create Federal Courts
7. Approve appointment of justices/judges
8. Impeach Justices/Judges
9. Propose Constitutional Amendments to override Supreme Court decisions
What is the title given to the President?
"Mr. President"
Name the process a bill goes through in order for it to become a law.
It begins in the House of Representatives or the Senate - then the House or Senate pass the bill with a majority vote - it's taken to the President for approval - it is signed by the President and becomes law or the President vetos the bill and the House and Senate both have to pass it with a 2/3 vote to become a law
What three groups of persons was not represented at the Constitutional Convention?
Women, Native Americans, African Americans
Name three things the President, as leader of the Executive Branch, can do within the government?
1. Approve or veto bills
2. Call special sessions of Congress
3. Enforce Laws
4. Make Treaties
5. Appointes Justices/Judges
6. Grant pardons
What was the Great Compromise & who was responsible for it?
Congress should have two houses, the House of Representatives & the Senate - Roger Sherman
Name 3 of the 5 Freedoms under the Constitution?
Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition,
The Legislative Branch, or Congress is made up of these two groups?
The House of Representatives and the Senate
What was the name of the first written constitution of the United States?
The Articles of Confederation
What is another name for a republic?
Representative Democracy
Name three things the first government did not have under the Articles of Confederation?
1. No army
2. No court system
3. No President
4. No power to collect taxes
The ten amendments added to the Constitution in 1791 were called this.
The Bill of Rights
Who was the first president of the United States?
George Washington
Who was the second President of the United States?
John Adams
In relation to the government, what is a Cabinet?
A group of advisors to the President
Alexander Hamilton was a member of which political party?
What is was the purpose of the 3/5 Compromise and what was did it state?
to setted the dispute between the northern and southern states over how to count slaves in the population (thus determining the number of representatives from each state) - 5 slaves would count as 3 free people in the population count
Thomas Jefferson was member of which political party?
The Consitutional Convention was set to begin on this day in May, 1787, but it really started on this day.
14, 25
Name 3 persons who were present for the Constitutional Convention.
George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Alexander Hamilton, James Madison
How many delegates didn't show up for the Constitutional Convention?
What is the term given to a group of people who hold certain beliefs abou how the government should be run?
Political Party
How is the leader of the Executive Branch?
The President of the United States
What is a constitution?
A set of laws governing a state or a nation
What three men wrote the "Federalist" essays to encourage people to suppport the Constitution?
James Madison
Alexander Hamilton
John Jay
How many states had to ratify the Constitution in order for it to pass?
9 out of the 13
What system prevents the federal government from becoming too powerful?
Checks and Balances
What is the highest court in the United States?
The Supreme Court
What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention?
To strengthen the national government by fixing the Articles of Confederation