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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1 gene makes
1 protein
gene is found in the cell's
nucleus
opposite of flexion
extension
opposite of elevation
depression
opposite of supination
pronation
opposite of protraction
retraction
opposite of inversion
eversion
opposite of opposition
reposition
purpose of goose bumps
tp trap air and keep heat close to the skin
Hormones involved in normal bone grwoth and development
thyroid, sex hormones (estrogen and testosterone), grwoth hormone
apocrine gland
ap part of the cell is broken off and included in the secretion
holocrine gland
the entire cell dies and is secreted
merocrine
no part of the cells are secreted
3 types of protein fibers in connective tissue
collagen, reticular, and elastic
3 types of cartilage
hyaline, fibrocartilage, elastic
4 types connective tissue
bone, blood, cartilage, adipose, loose, dense
stage of mitosis in which duplicate chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell
metaphase
stage of mitosis where two distinct nuclei are visible
telophase
stage of mitosis in which chromatids (now called chromosomes) separate and start movig to opposite poles
anaphase
stage of mitosis in which chromosomes become visible and discrete structures
prophase
_______ produces calcitonin
thyroid
______ producses PTH
parathyroid hormone
PTH does what to blood calcium?
PTH is made by?
increases

parathyroid hormone
calcitonin is produced by...
thyroid
calcitonin _____ blood calicum
decreases
endochondral ossification is bone formation in the...
cartilage
intramembranous ossification is bone formation in the...
connective tissue. Both endochondral and intramembeanous ossification produces woven bone which is remodeled and then is indistinguishable from the other type.
How is skin colored?
the sunlight stimulates melanocytes int he epidermis. All people have the same number of melanocytes.