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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
list the structural systems of the body from smallest to largest
chemical, organelle, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
list the 11 organ systems of the body
respiratory, urinary, nervous, muscular, reproductive, skeletal, lymphatic, integumentary, disgestive, endocrine, cardiovascular
List the four body cavities
cranial, thoracic, abdominal, pelvic. The abdominal and pelvic are functionally but not physically separated.
List the 4 quadrants of the abdomen
right-upper, left-upper, right-lower, left-lower
List the 9 regions of the abdomen
right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliad, hypogastric, left iliac
Parts of the microscope
ocular lens, nosepiece, objective, stage, condenser, iris diaphragm, light source, body tube, arm, mechanical stage knobs, coarse -focus knob, fine focus knob, base
What happens to an image as it is transmitted through an lens?
The image is magnified and goes upside down and inverts right to left
What are the 4 phases of mitosis.
PMAT...prophase-, metaphase, anaphase, telephase.
Cell
is the smallest LIVING
mitochondrion
ATP production, fatty acid oxidation
ribosome
protein production
lysosome
digestion of material
vesicles
fluid filled sacs inside the cell that digest subcellular material , transport material out of the cell and carry on enzymatic activities. They protects the plasma membrane.
Interphase is a phase of mitosis... true or false???
False
Meta
middle. metaphase, lined up in middle.
adipose is what kind of tissue
connective
hematapoeta (blood) is what kind of tissue
connective
Layers of the epidermis
stratum corneum, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, spinosum, stratum basale. Come look Gary something's below. **Basement Membrane**
list the structural systems of the body from smallest to largest
COCTOO
chemical, organelle, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
list the 11 organ systems of the body
respiratory, urinary, nervous, muscular, reproductive, skeletal, lymphatic, integumentary, disgestive, endocrine, cardiovascular
List the four body cavities
cranial, thoracic, abdominal, pelvic. The abdominal and pelvic are functionally but not physically separated.
List the 4 quadrants of the abdomen
right-upper, left-upper, right-lower, left-lower
List the 9 regions of the abdomen
right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac, right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar, right iliad, hypogastric, left iliac
Parts of the microscope
ocular lens, nosepiece, objective, stage, condenser, iris diaphragm, light source, body tube, arm, mechanical stage knobs, coarse -focus knob, fine focus knob, base
What happens to an image as it is transmitted through an lens?
The image is magnified and goes upside down and inverts right to left
What are the 4 phases of mitosis.
PMAT...prophase-, metaphase, anaphase, telephase.
Cell
is the smallest LIVING
mitochondrion
ATP production, fatty acid oxidation
ribosome
protein production
lysosome
digestion of material
vesicles
fluid filled sacs inside the cell that transport wastes out of the cell. Carry on enzymatic activities. They protects the plasma membrane.
Interphase is a phase of mitosis... true or false???
False
3 types of muscle and which are striated or nonstriated, voluntary or non-voluntary
cardiac: striated, involuntary. skeletary: striated and voluntary, smooth: involuntary
List two layers of the integument
dermis and epidermis
what is the function of the basement membrane?
It keeps epithelium attached so skin can regrow
What cells produce melanin?
melanocytes
4 types of integumentary glands and their function
sweat gland-body persperation, lactiforous (milk) glands, sebaceous (oil) glands), ceruminous (earwax) glands
difference between determinate and indeterminate hair?
determinate: grows to a specif length and then stops such as eyelash, or arm.
indeterminate: hair on head
Function of arector pili muscles?
goose bumps, makes hair stand up
elastic cartilage
has elastic fibers which give it its flexible nature
fibrocartilage
has chondrocytes and collagenous fibers but it differs from hyaline cartilage in that it has more colliganous fibers. It is found in intervertebral discs and the menisci of the knee
hyaline cartilage
found in apex of nose between ribs, and sternum
loose connective tissue
found as a wrapping around organs, as a sheet of tissue between muscles, and in areas in body where tissues meet
dense connective tissue
found in tendons and ligaments, found in deep layers skin and in white of the eye. Dense has 2 types of connective tissue: regular and irregular.
elastic connective tissue
has fibrocytes and fibroblasts
3 parts of the sternum
manubrium, body, xyphoid process
5 different parts of vertebrae
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx
human vertebrae formula
C7 T12 L5 Sacrum 5 fused Coccyx 4 fused
how many bones fuse the sacrum
5
how many bones fuse the coccyx
4
structure that passes throught the vertevral foramen
spinal cord
special names for first two cervical vertebrae
atlas and axis
example gomphosis, syndemosis, synchondrosis, symphysis, and synovial
teeth, radioulnar syndesmosis, sternocostal synchondrosis, symphysis pubis, knee