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23 Cards in this Set

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Mexican-American War
Chp. 12
Cause: Mexicans were still upset over the annexation of Texas. There was also a disagreement on borders.
Effects: America gained a new territory and the border went to the Rio Grande
Provisions of Compromise of 1850
Chp. 12
1. CA should be admitted as a free state. 2. UT should be separated from NM, both choose about slavery. 3. Land b/w TX & NM goes to NM. 4. U.S pays TX's old debts. 5. Slavery not abolished in D.C, unelss consent of residents and owners paid for slaves. 6. Slave trade banned in D.C. 7. A stricter fugitive slave law is adopted.
Fugitive Slave Act
Chp. 12
the measure passed by Congress that provided for the recovery of runaway slaves with the assistance of federal marshalls
Harriet Beecehr Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Chp. 13
A best seller book in 1852 that brought slavery into the home of many Americans. Although it greatly exaggerated tales and was fictional, it brought slavery close to home and caused many people to see the unfairness of it.
Underground Railroad
Chp. 13
before the Civil War, a system set up by certain opponents of slavery to help fugitive slaves escape to free states and to Canada.
Nativism
Chp. 13
the practice or policy of favoring native-born citizens over immigrants.
Abolitionism
Chp. 13
the practice of favoring the abolition of slavery.
Frederick Douglass
Chp. 13
A black leader who called on the black community to resist the law with force.
Popular Sovereignty
Chp. 13
the proposal advanced by Stephen A. Douglas in 1654 that settlers decide by election whether to allow slavery in their territory, as opposed to Congress making the decision.
Provisions of Kansas-Nebraska Act
Chp. 13
Divided the Nebraska territory into the northern portion as Nebraska, the southern portion as Kansas and also repealed the Missouri Compromise.
Republican Party
Chp. 13
Persons who split from the Democratic-Republican party in 1854 and created the GOP, Grand Old Party.
Dred Scott Decision
Chp. 13
The Court ruled that Scott did not have the legal standing to sue in federal court and that being on a free territory did not make a slave free. It was a violation of the Fifth Amendment. The decision declared all blacks as noncitizens of the U.S
John Brown
Chp. 13
Brown led 18 free blacks and white men to Harpers Ferry, hoping to cause a slave revolt. After there was no revolt, half of his men died and he surrendered.
Election of Abraham Lincoln
Chp. 13
Lincoln won only 40% of the popular vote but 59% of the electoral vote, all from Northern states favoring his abolitional platform.
Sectionalism
Chp. 13
a narrow-minded concern for or devotion to the interests of one section of a country.
Confederate States of American
Chp. 13
Southern states agaisnt abolition and began to favor secession. They had a Constitution the same as the U.S except every state was sovereign and independent andpeople had the right to own slaves. Jefferson Davis was the President. Seceded states: MS, FL, AL, GA, LA, TX
Fort Sumter
Chp. 14
A fort built of heavy brick. They called for more troops and supplies but only supplies were given, so Confederates attacked the ships and took over the fort. Allowed the soldiers there to sail back up north.
First Battle of Bull Run
Chp. 14
Inexperienced Union and Confederate armies at the little creek of Bull Run. Confederates won sending all the Union troops back to Washington.
Northen Advantages in Civil War
Chp. 14
population: 22 million to 9 million; had almost 3x men fighting age as the South did.
Manufactoring and food production, produced 4/5 of the nation's industrial goods and 2/3 of food.
Contained 2/2 of railroad mileage.
Civilian leadership was also very effective.
Southern Advantages in Civil War
Chp. 14
Home land advantage.
Better on battlefield leadership.
More accustomed to handling guns and horses.
"King Cotton", produced cotton for Britain
Robert E. Lee
Chp. 14
A new Confederate commander who clearly outgeneraled McClellan outside of Richmond.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Chp. 14
Received nickname from holding off the Union at the First Battle of Bull Run. Commander of Confederate Troops.
George McClellan
Chp. 14
The new commander for the Army of the Potomac, chosen by Lincoln, vet of Mexican War. Was passive, and the U.S became impatient with him.