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26 Cards in this Set

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Why is classification important?
It provides a universal system throughout the world.

Also, the common names of the many organisms in the biosphere are difficult to manage.
Who was the creator of an universally accepted classification system?
Linnaeus, a Swedish Botanist
What is the technical name of the classification system Linnaeus created?
Binomial Nomenclature/System
How did Linnaeus decide the placement of organisms?
He examined organisms and organized into groups of similar characteristics.
What is a taxa?
A common group in which organisms share similar characteristics.
What is taxonomy?
The science of naming organisms and assigning them to groups
How many kingdoms did the very original taxonomic system have? And what were they? (the one that Linnaeus created)
2 kingdoms, Animalia and Plantae
How did the taxonomic system expand?
Scientific advancements such as the microscope improved Linnaeus' system.
Name the modern classification system in order from largest to smallest.
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species
and some consists of sub-species
Name the five kingdoms.
Monera
Protista
Fungi
Plantae
Animalia
Is the monera a prokaryote or a eukaryote?
prokaryote
Is the protista a prokaryote or a eukaryote?
a very simple eukaryote
What are the three groups of the protista?
the animal like protists
the plant like protists
the fungus like protists

*all single celled
What are heterotrophs? Give an example.
organisms that cannot create their own food and depend on other sources for nutrients. EX. fungi
What are autotrophs? Give an example.
organisms that create their own food from acquired sources. EX. plants
What are the features of a cell wall of a Fungi?
contains no cellulose

hehehehehe
What are the features of a cell wall of an organism in the kingdom Plantae?
have cell walls that contain cellulose.
What are the features of a cell wall of an organism in the kingdom Animalia?
They DO NOT have cell walls!

TRICKED YA!
Give an example of a phyla.
Porifera: sponge phylum in the sea
Give an example of a class.
Mammalia for all mammals.
or
Reptilia for all reptiles.
Give an example of an Order.
Carnivora for all carnivorous organisms.
What taxonomic unit have populations that can breed and make fertile offsprings?
Species
What taxonomic unit always end in 'ae'?
Family
Classify humans using the taxonomic system.
Kindgom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Hominidae
Genus: Homo
Species: sapiens
Sub-species: sapiens
What is a weird feature about the fungi?
They do not always have separate cells divided by complete cell walls.
What is a taxon?
singular of taxa