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51 Cards in this Set

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Early Middle Ages
also known as
dates
Early Middle Ages = Age of Faith
500-1000 AD
Causes of Fall of Roman empire
Invasion of Germanic tribes
Political Causes
Economic Causes
Social Causes
Fall of Roman Empire
invasion of Germanic tribes
date of take out Roman emperor
The Huns
-war like tribes came in, fought and disrupted intellectual life,
-476 AD- Odoacer took out Roman emperor
-Huns- Attila scared them away- would kill men, rape and slave the women and children; 435 AD Attila died
Political Causes- Fall of Roman Empire
oppressive gov, civil wars to name emperor,
Economic Causes- Fall of Roman Empire
-heavy taxes
-population decline (constant civil wars),
-war and disease (contact w/ lots of people living close together)
Social Causes- Fall of Roman Empire
decline of loyalty- pop. Decline, decline of middle class
The Franks
Leader and when, married...., made all of Europe...
The Franks- In France/Gaul, leader was Clovis (486 AD)
Clovis married a Christian, won battle against other tribes, converted to Christian and all of Europe, relationship b/w Pope of Rome,
Charles Martel...
(Charles Martel 732 Battle of Tours, against Muslims)
Charlemagne
crowned
conquered
corresponded...
mistake....
what he did
-crowned by Pope Leo III in 800 AD
-Fought battles,
-conquered Europe, Roman Empire,
-corresponded with Harun al Rashid
-Shouldn’t of let pope crown him- could take back crown; battles b/w them
Would weaken power, set up administrative people- micci dominici
Education and Church
school in...
set up
taught adults
in Aachen, Alcuin taught noble’s children
-Set up schools and cathedrals, taught people about church,
date when official religion was christianity
395 AD
When and who started to invade
800-900s
-Muslims, Vikings, Magyars/Hungarians
Fief-
property held in return for services, not owned, grant for life b/w lord, vassal
Vassal
a person subject to a higher authority
Feudal system
from Roman...
def.
Feudal system- from Roman Federal Principle
- protect conquered cities, when give soldiers
Social Stratification
King
Primary- Duke Earl, Noble,
Secondary
Tertiary
vassals
what all vassals have
-inherit estates,
-have to give 40 days in military, soldiers
-loyalty (oath)
when king fights...
get primary and secondary vassals
Tertiary vassals with soldiers
eldest son...
called....
other sons....
Eldest son inherits
(primogenure)
other sons become knights, serve at war, joust
Free men
Serfs
-don’t fight, can go where ever they want, get jobs at villages
-belong to land, get protection,
Daughters vassals
1st daughter
other vassals
-1st daughter gets land, then marries son of another vassal
-other daughters go to nunnery
Church largest ....
gained power-
Church= largest land owners in Europe
-controlled education
-health care (no hospitals, used herbs),
-helped orphans (given education, went on to be monks/nuns)
women of vassals
took care of estate when men at battle,
excommunicate
can't go...
-kicked out of Church, can’t take sacraments
-If excommunicated someone, couldn’t go to heaven
Interdict
-excommunicate whole region
7 sacraments/rituals
Baptism
Confirmation
Extreme unction
Holy orders
Holy Eucharist
Matrimony
Penance
Baptism
Confirmation
-absolve child of original sin (Adam and Eve)
-decision to join congregation
Extreme unction
Holy orders
-sick and dying would have pries absolve sins
-becoming a priest, monk or nun
Holy Eucharist
Matrimony
Penance
(communion)- every sat. take wine and bread/wafer
-marriage
-little box and asks for forgiveness
canon law
-church law- b/w gov and religion
Serfs
went to...
worked...
other stuff they did
-went to church
-worked in fields sun up to sundown,
-belonged to land, other- fixed manor house, paid taxes (in grain)
first monastery
when and where
first monastery in europe
by and when
530 AD Egypt
St. Benedict in Italy in 500s
Benedictine rule
code for mon/convent
-Take oath
-practiced chastity (give up marriage),
-Obedience (follow rules)
-poverty (give your wealth to church
Daily life of Monasteries/convents
-Pray 7 times a day
-work in field or copy manuscripts
-taught schools- read and write
-did herbal medicine
-sent out missionaries
Nunnery
women from what class
had to be ...
-nobles, gave dowry to church
-had to be silent except when teaching (lead spiritual life)
-Intellectual outlet for women
Borders
2 people
-widows that spent rest of life in convent
-women and children went there temporarily
Why were the widows at a Nunnery were disruptive?
-brought maids, wardrobe (not poverty)
leaders attitude towards borders
-didn’t like them but brought money
Hildegard of Bingen
wrote
influenced
-wrote music, classification system, scientific/philosophical works,
-influenced world/men
Heloise
Peter Abelard
life together and apart
most important
-Fell in love with Peter Abelard (teacher, intellectual), had baby went
-to be a monk/nun;
- exchanged letters about intellectual stuff
Late middle ages
date
what happened
after 1000 AD
-invasions stopped
Late Middle Ages Power Struggle
King vs. Church and Nobility
King vs. Nobles
-feudalism took power from king (vassals under vassals weren’t loyal to king)
-feudalism gave nobles power
King vs. Church
-Church more wealth than king
William of Normady
date, after what
contributed
-1066, crowned after Battle of Hastings
-contributed- swear oath to king, language (French merged with English), doomsday book (census and tax people accordingly)
Henry II king of England
when
established
-1154
-canon law= church law (courts) and noble law- feudal court laws were different-> made one standard law
Thomas a Becket
-put him as arch bishop, he became devote in church, knights killed him
Magna Carta
when
signed by and where
-1215
-signed by John
-forced by nobles at Runnymead
Why nobles hated John
-taxed them lots b/c losing wars/territory w/ France
-John got an interdict on England,
John's trouble with the church
-did same thing that Henry II did w/ arch bishop
-pope had a nominee- interdicted him- John caved
Magna Carta states
-king not above law, limit power
-due process (cant just be thrown in jail,