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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Social Pyramid
Pharaoh-> Nobility->Middle Class-> Lower Class-> foreign slaves
(Great House)- considered a god
Nobility in pyramid
scribes, high priests, heads of offices, generals, vizier (managed the gov for the pharaoh)
Middle Class in Pyramid
craftsman, merchants, soldiers and tomb workers
Lower Class
farmers, bulk of the population
were foreigners not big on slavery
tomb paintings had
In Thebes (capital) had tomb paintings, court cases, trials
Tomb Paintings showed how people worked
def. of Patrilocal
farming families located at their father’s house, son would take a wife and would live with his family
Upper Class ate
other stuff they had?
Upper Class:Meat
Great varetity of spices and food
Had pigs, but expensive
how do we know what they ate
different oils they had
in tombs, had pictures
Had olive oil and flax seed
had other things, what wared down
Wool, honey, teeth was wared down, brushed their teeth
Valley of the Kings
across from Thebes, where kings were buried in ancient Egypt
Lower Class Ate
Light and Dark Beer, Bread, Vegetables, Fish
had other things, what wared down
Wool, honey, teeth was wared down, brushed their teeth
most important dynasty
18th the longest and most important
First Pharoah family
Thutmosis I and Ahmose had a child Hatshepsut in Divine Birth
def. Devine Birth
Divine Birth- Aman-Ra dressed as Thutmosis and had a baby with Ahmose
Second family of Pharoahs
Hatshepsut married Thutmosis II (died young) and had Neferure
who was supposed to rule after second family
Thutmosis III was supposed to rule but Hatshepsut ruled
women pharaoh
Hatshepsut went to extreme lengths to show her right to rule
women pharaoh associated with...
-associated close with Amon-Ra and her father
women pharoah's lover
took a commoner Senemet and was her “lover” and built his and her tomb
what made egypt rich
Many vassals that gave Egypt money- became very rich
who had power after women pharaoh
Thutmoisis III had power after Hatshepsut (hacked out her name)
thut III conquered ... and ...
Battle of Joppa
Conquered Canaan and Nubia, was the one who did the “Trojan horse” thing
Joppa needed food, made a truce with the prince, gave them food, soldiers in the food baskets and jumped out once inside the city
Battle of Megiddo, conquered...
Battle of Megiddo- dangerous to go up the hills and mountains, but he did anyway
Conquered Cyprus-had copper and tin, for weapons,
thut III clever idea
Thutmosis III took princes from the vassels and taught them at the house of life, then when the king died, they would go back; had adopted the Egyptian culture, and they brought that back when ruling
aman III family
Amanhotep III married Queen Tiye
Had a son Amanhotep IV and married Nefertiti
cause for amarna revolution
Temple of Aman-Ra- priest believed that god was part of him, gave spoils to the high priest, competing with Amanhotep
Started to worship Aton, the sun god,
start of armarna rev
Amanhotep IV started a revolution
Changed name to Akhematon and started the Amarna Revolution
Moved capital from Thebes to Amarna,
Aman IV was ...thesist
Was monotheist- believed in one supreme god/ could have worshipped minor gods
-henothesist- worships one god in exclusion to others
art changed...
closed temples, hacked out the name of Aman-Ra, family was the only one in pictures,
-art changed, naturalistic, very distorted, thought the god was female and male, so he painted himself as both a man and woman
lost vassals
-ignored Canaan’s call for help b/c being attacked by Hittites, and were eventually taken over
Nefertiti's power
Nefertiti, wife had a lot of power, shown equal to the pharaoh, second name was Neferneferure
Man ruled after Akhemnaton, but was really Nefertiti
King Tut
Tutankhamon ruled after (King Tut)
Two advisors, Ay and Horemhab
Married Anksenamon Tut died, she ^ sent for a Hittite prince
Tut died then...
to marry her but they didn’t do that, Horemhab murdered him and Ay married her and ruled
Horemhab ruled later, married Nefertiti’s sister was childless and died
how we know about medicine
Wrote down a lot about medicine
From the bones and saw things done to it
different conditions
Chest pains, and heart conditions different diseases
types of medicine practors
Magician= Sa u
Physician= Sunu
Priest Physician= Wabu Sunu
When you were sick, first go to a physician,
Priest Physician
when the doctor couldn’t do anything, then go to a priest physician (would comfort and pray for you)
how a doctor became a doctor
Goddess w/ head of a lion= brough disease; sekhmet
Real doctors went to the house of life and were first scribes, then shadowed another doctor
Magicians- last ditch effort, less serious ailments, headaches were caused by stress, told them to relax and would go away
Shipwrecked Sailor story
theme nostos (homecoming)
-sailor is shipwrecked, found a magical island, and got stuff
Tale of Sinuhe story
-theme: nostos (homecoming)
-sinhue goes to Canaan, very hospitable, has lots of wealth then goes back to Egypt (important to go back b/c need the proper afterlife)
19th Dynasty rulers
Ramesses I-Seti I-Ramesses II- The Great
Ram II
had ___ children
wat made him the great
Ramesses II-
Had over 100 children
Hacked out names of other pharaohs and wrote his name,
importance of Ram II wife
Nefertari- his wife, very elaborate tomb painting, built a temple for himself, with 50 ft statues
Battle w/ enemies
Pi Ramesses in the Delta- Hittites were threatening Canaan and moved closer to them
Had a battle w/them, two spies said they were far away, weren’t and had a battle, no one won, Ramesses said he won
first non-aggression treaty
Signed a non-aggression treaty- if a third party attacked, the other one would aid them, took a wife from the Hittites to seal alliance, after Nefertari died
...very painful
lots of ___
throne for ___ years
He had a lot of wives from different countries, throne for 67 years, had arthritis in the hips- very painful
Royal Women
Royal Women- ruled (ex. Hatshapsut, Nefertiti and Tiye and Nefretari)
Pharoah’s daughter became God’s wife, and was very high
Nobel Women
Nobility- managed husbands estates, played instruments, fashion was important, had more freedom of what to wear,
Middle Class Women
Middle Class- serve as judges, entrepenurs, could inherit property
Lower Class Women
Lower Class- farmers, helped when there was a harvest, fed family,
story of ____ was stolen for trial
Chisel stolen= death b/c she lied on the life of the pharaoh and Amon-Ra
Based on precedent (previous cases)
based on ___ codes
____ could ...
Viszer could only declare death
Based on law codes- eye for an eye
Witnesses told the story for the victim
No witness-trial by oracle
-anthropomorphic statue of the god would be held by four priests, called out names, forward- yes, backward-no, were beaten until confessed
Punishments – labor, exile, death, impaled, decapitated, NO prisons
Pharoah was... in court
who beat people?
Pharaoh last court of appeal
Retainer of the court- beat people
Sea Peoples
Don’t know who they are,
Destroyed Troy, Hittites, Ugarit in the Bronze Age
Traveled through the Mediterranean Sea- had women and men
Settled in Canaan, took Egypt’s vassels
Ramesses the ____ in the ___ Dynasty
result of economy...
Ramesses III- 20th Dynasty
Attacked twice- hurt the economy, no more tributes
Hired mercenaries- soldiers, that needed a lot of money from Nubia and Libya
Tomb workers went on strike- 1st in history