Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/14

Click to flip

14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
renal clearance is the ability of the kidneys to clear a substance from a given ____ of ____ in a set amount of time (ml/min)
volume - plasma
if renal clearance = 0, all of the substances was ____
reabsorbed
if renal clearance = 125ml/min, none of the substances was ____ & all of it remains in the ____
reabsorbed - urine
in regards to urine color an transparency, urine color is ____ & ____ to deep ____
clear - pale - yellow
in regards to urine color an transparency, cloudy urine may be caused by ____
injection
in regards to urine color an transparency, concentrated urine becomes ____ ____ in color
deeper yellow
in regards to urine color an transparency, discoloration is due to certain ____, ____, ____ or ____ in urine
foods - drugs - vitamins - blood
urine develops an ____ smell after standing
ammonia
odor of urine is due to ____ metabolism of ____
bacterial - urea
average pH of urine is ____ & is slightly ____
6 - acidic
normal pH of urine is ____
(5-9)
in regards to pH of urine, high protein diet ____ (raises/lowers) pH
lowers
in regards to pH of urine, vegetaian diets, vomitting & UTI patients may have ____ (raised/lowered) pH
raised
urine chemical composition of water is __% water & __% solutes
95% - 5%