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49 Cards in this Set

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1.4 - Admin tool > Computer Management

All admin tools generated in one place


>Control/ Admin Tools or cmd "mmc.exe"




Handly Starting point for


>Events, UAC, Storage Management, Services, and more!

1.4 Admin tool > Device Manager


- subgroup of computer management

Something that ties OS to hardware on PC


- Device Drivers specific for the running OS


- Drivers run on specific OS




Solution: Technical Support "update the drivers?"


Computer Management or devmgmt.msc

1.4 Admin tool > Local Users and Groups

Users


- Administrator > Window's super user


- Guest > Limited Access


- Regular - user applies too all users




Groups


- Admin, User, Backup Operators > creating a group of users.

1.4 Admin Tool > Security Policy

Big companies = big security policies


>Managed through AD group policies




Standalone PC's not managed through AD


>Local policies needed




Not on Home editions > Only Professional/Pro, Ultimate, and Enterprise.

1.4 Admin Tool > Performance Monitor

Gather long-term stats on PC


- Control Panel/ Admin Tools


- Show OS metrics


Schedule alerts and automated actions


also, store data for analyzing w/ reports

1.4 Admin Tool > Services

Background Processes


- No User Interaction, finding files, anti-virus, networking, ETC




Useful when troubleshooting startup processes




Command-line control: -net start, net stop




Control Panel/Administrative Tools/ Services


- services.msc

1.4 Admin Tool > Task Scheduler

Schedule an application or batch file


- Plan your future


- includes predefined schedules > click and go




Organized thru folders w/ service




Control Panel/Admin tools/Task Scheduler

1.4 Admin Tool > Component Services

> For Application Developer


>Manage applications built in OS.


>Configs' for COM+ Apps.


>Designed for Enterprise




This interface has access to Device COM+, Event Viewer, and Services.

1.4 Admin Tool > ODBC Data Sources

ODBC Data sources or driver, create applications using this resource.




Doesn't matter to a normal user.

1.4Admin Tool > Print Management

Control Panel/ Admin Tools/ Print Management


- Management Printers


- Add and update drivers

1.4 - Windows Firewall

Integrated w/ OS


- Control Panel/Windows Firewall


- Advance Feature = Click advanced settings

1.4 Windows Firewall pt


- Rules, application, advanced settings, etc

Fundamental Firewall Rules


- Based on Apps "No Detailed Control"


- No Scape = No IP Address Range applies to all traffic


- No Connection security rules


-more controls > must use advanced settings

1.4 Window Firewall w/ Advanced Security

Set inbound, outbound, and connection security rules


- Set granular rules: program, ports, predefine services, custom.

1.4 MSCONFIG


-What's this?

System Configuration


-Manage boot process, startup, and services, etc. Great place to go to config bootup processes

1.4 MSCONFIG > General tab

Control startup process


- Normal, Diagnostic, Selective


N = Nothing to see, normal


D = Similar to safe mode


S = Decide what to load

1.4 MSCONFIG > Boot Tab

Control Boot Location


- multi-location and OS's


Advanced options


- number of processor, max memory, ETC


Boot options


- safe boot, remove the GUI, base video, log files, ETC.

1.4 MSCONFIG > Services Tab

Enable and Disable Windows Services


- Determine what starts during boot




Useful to manage Service applet


- Trial and error; may take many reboots to find your problem

1.4 MSCONFIG > Startup Tab

Manage which program starts with Windows login


- Easily to toggle


- Multiple reboots - you'll find it


- popular feature > moved to task manager in 8

1.4 MSCONFIG > Tools Tab

Access to popular Admin Tools


- Faster than searching the menus or typing


- Static (but comprehensive) list



1.4 Task Manager >Application Tabs

List user interactive app's in use


Administratively control apps


- Close, End, and New Task




Windows 8/8.1


- Combined w/ Process tab in 8.

1.4 Task Manager >Processes Tab

All running processes


- Interactive and system trap apps


- View services and apps from other accounts



8.1


- Apps, Processes, and Services in single Tab


- Easy to view and sort

1.4 Task Manager >Performance

What's happening in PC


- CPU, Memory, ETC


- Statistical Views


- Historical and real time


8/8.1


- Includes CPU, Memory, Disk, Bluetooth, and Network in Performance Tab

1.4 Task Manager > Networking

Not in Windows 7


- Integrated in 8/8.1




See Network Speed and ETC

1.4 Task Manager > Users Tab

Who's connected


- 7 = User list, disconnect, logoff, send message


- 8 = Separate Processess


- Performance Statistics

1.3 What is Disk Management > where is it under? where could you find this?

Disk Management is the management of disk within PC's.




Found under Computer Management.

1.4 Disk Management > Disk Status


Status and health of Disk

Status of PC


- Healthy = good


- Healthy (at risk) = experienced I/O error


Drive maybe failing


- Initializing = normal startup message


- Failed = Bad, damaged or file system corrupted

1.4 Disk Management > Failed RAID


Types of fails with different RAID

Failed Redundancy


- Drive failed = RAID 1 or 5




Resynching


- Mirrored RAID 1 is synching data between drives



Regenerating


- RAID 5 recreating Data Based on the parity data

1.4 Disk Management > Mounting Drives

Extend available storage space


> Mount a separate storage device as a folder


>seemless to the user




Mount in an empty folder


>Instant storage space



1.4 Disk Management > Storage Spaces

Storage for data centers, cloud infrastructures


- Multi-Tiers, Admin control




Storage Pool


- Group storage drives, combine different storage into single pool


- easy to add or remove




Storage Space


- Once storage pool is setup, you can allocate virtual disk.


- Includes mirroring and parity w/ hot spare availability (Like extra spare if something fais)

1.4 - Migrate


-User information; why move it?

Sometimes no direct upgrade path to next OS


-Move from one physical computer to another


- Faster and Better

1.4 - Migrate > Windows Upgrade Advisor

Checks your upgrade compatibility


- Standalone "upgrade advisor" app


- Download directly from Windows




8/8.1 is called "Upgrade Assistant"


- Free download

1.4 - Migrate > Migration Methods

Side by side


- Two computers next to each other


- Move information through




Wipe-and-load


-Erase old OS > Import into new OS


-Profiles copied to external devices (USB or etc)



8/8.1 - replies on OneDrive


-Cloud Sync files/No Network or Transfer Cable Option


1.4 - Migrate > Windows Easy Transfer

Allows you to migrate between all OS systems from one computer to another (physically).


>Useful when moving computers


>Not always direct install path


>Can install moving forward like 7 to 8. But not 8 to xp




Transfer all user data


>SUpports side by side and wipe and load

1.4 - Migrate > User State Migration Tool



Migrate from one windows' version to another.


>Includes Windows Automated Installation kit (AIK)




>Very scalable!

1.4 - Migrate > User State Migration Tool


Explain the steps

Two-step process


- Can be automated


-Use CMD (take advantage of this)




Scan State


- Complies and Stores migration Data


- Must run in elevated prompt


- 7, 8/8.1 = Local Administrator (XP)




Loadstate


- Loads Profile onto the destination computer

1.4 - Migrate > Easy Transfer vs Migration tool

Easy Transfer = moving physically


Migration = change in OS or software only.

1.4 System Utilities > The Run Line

The start application


- Typing manually in the search bar?


- Use the run/search or command prompt





1.4 System Utilities > CMD

AKA - The Command Line


- become familiar with this

1.4 System Utilities > REGEDIT

The Windows Registry


- Master database/Hierarchical structure


- All configuration/registry goes in here


- Backup your registry (always!)


- built into regetit

1.4 System Utilities > Services.msc

Control Panel/ Admin Tools / Services


- Control background App's


- Useful for TS during startup process


-disable or enable services


Important: determine dependencies of services on other services

1.4 System Utilities > MMC

Microsoft Management Console


- Build framework for management view


- use for many built-in management tools

1.4 System Utilities > MSTSC

Microsoft Terminal Services Client


- RD Connection


- Access PC on another PC


- Common for management


-"headless" servers

1.4 System Utilities > NOTEPAD

View/Edit text files


- You'll use a lot of text files


- On all windows OS


- Used to change content inside a file

1.4 System Utilities > Explorer

Windows Explorer


- File Management


- View/copy/launch files


- Easy to access network resources

1.4 System Utilities > MSINFO32

Windows System Infor


- Tells you everything about the hardware and software of a PC




Hardware Resources, Components, Software environment, ETC

1.4 System Utilities > DXDIAG

DirectX Diagnostic Tool


-TS multi-media devices


-3D Graphics, Audio, Input Options


- Nice diagnostic tool > not just testing

1.4 System Utilities > DEFRAG

Disk Defragmentation


-Improves read/write times


-Not needed for SSD

1.4 System Utilities > System Restore

Creates Restore Points


-Basically going back in time




F8 - Advanced Boot Options - Repairs


VISTA - All Programs/ Accessories / System Tools/ System Restore




7/8/8.1 - Control Panel/ Recovery

1.4 System Utilities > Windows Update

Keep your OS updated!


- Security Patches, Bug Fixes


- Automatic Install (recommended)