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40 Cards in this Set

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fundamental rights, such as religious liberty and ezuality before the laws
natural rights
a set of basic principles and laws that determine the powers and duties of the government
constitution
a type of government in which the head of state is elected and the pople hold the political power
republic
legislation that gave people in Virginia freedom of worship and freedom to speak their opinions about religion
Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom
voting rights
suffrage
Document approved in 1777 that created a limited central government for the US; was replaced by the US constitution in 1789
Articles of Confederation
formal improved
ratification
called for surveys and the division of public lands (legislation passed by Congress authorizing surveys and the division of publc lands in the western region of the country )
Land Ordinance of 1785
legislation passed by Congress to extablish a political stucture for the lands in the NW territory
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
lands includeing present day Illiniois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin and part of Minnesota; extablished by the NW ordinance of 1787
Northwest Territory
Taxes on imports or exports
tariffs
trade conducted between TWO or more STATES
interstate commerce
people who lend money
creditors
people who owe money
debtors
a steep drop in economic activity
depression
worked as a laborer untill he volunteered in REvolutionary War. then became an officer and founght in battles
Daniel Shays
uprising of MAssachusett's farmers----led by daniel shay--- to protest high taxes heavy debt and farm foreclosures
Shay's Rebellion
held in Philadelphias Independence Hall where american's had officialy declared their independence
constional convention
one of kthe most important delegates to the convention
James Madison
which James Madison had mainly drafted - plan for governemtn- offered new federal constituition
Virginia Plan
Jew Jersey delegate who presented teh NEw Jersey Plan
William Paterson
proposed keeping the existing organization of congress
New Jersey Plan
proposed the Great Compromise
Roger Sherman
states population that would determine representation in the lower house of the legislature while each state would have equal representation in the upper house of legislature
Great Compromise
says that some of the slaves in each state should be counted as part of the states population for determining representation in the lower house
Three/Fifths Compromise
distribution of governmental power between a central authority and the states or provinces that make up the nation
federalism
responsible for proposing bills and passing them into laws
legislative branch
includes the president and the administrative departments of the government
executive branch
made up of all the national courts
judicial branch
a system to prevnts and branch of government from becoming too powerful
checks and balances
held in Philadelphias Independence Hall where american's had officialy declared their independence
constional convention
one of kthe most important delegates to the convention
James Madison
which James Madison had mainly drafted - plan for governemtn- offered new federal constituition
Virginia Plan
Jew Jersey delegate who presented teh NEw Jersey Plan
William Paterson
proposed keeping the existing organization of congress
New Jersey Plan
people who poosed the constitution
antifederalists
supporters of the constitution
federalists
respected writer and anti-federalists expressed concern in Boston's columbian patirot
Mercy Otis Warren
official changes corections or additions
amendments
first 10 amendments of the US Constitution
bill of rights