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29 Cards in this Set

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What do you call diseases that are passed from person to personN?
communicable
What do we call any foreign chemical or protein that enters your body?
Antigen
A bacterium in dirt produces this toxin when you get dirt in a cut
tetanus
Dead or weakened antigens that are injected into your body to fight desease are called what?`
Vaccine
When you get a cut, what do you call the process to stop the bleeding?
clotting
What part of the blood carries the dissolved nutrients?
Plasma
This blood vessel allows movement of mutrients to the cells
capillary
This is immunity that will stay in your blood.
Active immunity
What is needed to clot blood?
vitamin K
fibrin
platelets
What part of the blood carries the oxygen from the lungs to the cells?
Red blood cells
When you get an infecton, your body rapidly increases the number of ___________ in your blood
white blood cells
This is immunity that will gradually disappear and has to be replaced.
Passive immunity
B-cells are a type of what kind of blood cell?
white
What do we call the protein molecule that attaches to oxygen in the red blood cells?
Hemoglobin
gonorrhea is_____
a sexually transmitted disease that is hard to treat
When antibodies are formed to fight specific antigens, it gives our body ______.
Immunity
Athlete's foot is what type of communicable disease?
fungi
What organ in the body recycles the used up red blood cells?
Liver
What blood cells does HIV attack?
T-cells
This part of the blood helps fight off germs.
White blood cells
The plasma in your blood is made mostly of _____
water
These are parts of the blood that help cause clotting. They are irregularly shaped.
Platelets
What is your body's first line of defense?
skin
These are made by the B-cells to destroy foreign chemicals/proteins.
Antibodies
Who made the first vaccine? It was used against smallpox.
Jenner
This is the element in human blood that makes it red
Hemoglobin
What do we use on our skin to kill microbes?
antiseptic
Where are red blood cells mainly formed?
bone marrow
About how many antibodies do you have in your body?
2 trillion