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15 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the Renaissance?
A period in history of intellectual growth and artistic creativity
What is an astrolabe?
an instrument that measured the position of the stars to determine latitude
What is a journey to a holy place?
pilgrimage
What is a mosque?
a Muslim house of worship
What was the west coast of Africa called?
The Gold Coast
What group sailed west in the 800's and 900's visiting Iceland and Greenland?
The Vikings. They were led by Leif Erikson and landed in present-day Newfoundland in about the year 1000.
What country took the lead in exploring the boundaries of the known world?
Portugal
Who claimed Brazil for Portugal in 1500?
Pedro Cabral
Who claimed the Pacific Ocean and adjoining lands for Spain in 1513?
Vasco Nanez de Balboa
Who was Montezuma?
He was an Aztec emperor was was captured and killed by Hernan Cortes'.
Who discovered the Mississippi River in 1541?
Hernando de Soto. He described it as "swift and deep".
What were 3 kinds of Spanish settlements in the Americas?
pueblos, missions, presidio
List the 5 social classes developed in Spain's empire in the Americas.
1) peninsulars 2) creole, 3) mestizo, 4) Native American, 5) enslaved African
What had become an essential part of the economy of the Spanish and Portuguese by the late 1500's?
Slave labor was necessary for plantations.
What word refers to the economic theory that a nation's power was based on its wealth?
mercantilism