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86 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is North Dakota's state flower?
Wild Prairie Rose
What is North Dakota's state tree?
American Elm
What is North Dakota's state bird?
Western Meadowlark
What is stubble mulching?
leaving the stubble of harvest crops
What is wind stripcropping?
Planting strips of different rops on level land.`
What is contour stripcropping?
Planting strips of crops with area grass on hilly land.
What is a cover crop?
Crops planted in the fall to protect the land in the winter.
What is O Horizon?
The first layer-organic layer
What is C Horizon?
Area of transition-parent material
What is crop rotation?
growing different crops on the same land
What is summer fallow?
letting the land be idle for a growing season.
What is A Horizon?
Topsoil-cultivated for crops.
What are windbreaks?
Trees used to protect land
What is B Horizon?
A layer below the topsoil-subsoil.
Who were the Mandan ?
The first modern Indian tribe to come to North Dakota. They were one of the three affiliated tribes.
What is a Earth Lodge?
A mound-type circular structure that was constructed by covering logs with willow brush, grass, and clay.
Who were the Hidatsa?
This is what the English trappers called them Gros Ventre. They were one of the three affiliated tribes.
Who followed the Archaic people?
Woodland
Who are the Paleo?
The first people in North Dakota about 13,000 years ago.
What does Minnitaree mean?
Crossing the water people
Who are the Arikara?
They called themselves Sahnish. They were also one of the three affiliated tribes.
What is Okipa?
A four-day ceremony similar to the Sun Dance.
Who is Mother Corn?
A spirit the Arikara believed was sent from the Great Spirit as a messenger.
What was Black Mouth?
A society within each tribe that carried out the police duties.
Which tribe's name is considered a major mispronunciation of Ojibwa?
Chippewa
What corporation was the first to strike oil in ND?
Amerado Petroleum
Where was oil first discovered in ND?
Near Tioga
What was the name of the first oil well?
Clarence Iverson No. 1
What is Wildcat Drilling?
Drilling for oil in an area not known to be productive.
Where is ND's only refinery located?
Mandan
What pipeline company pipes most oil out of ND?
Enbridge
What does ND have the single largest deposit of ?
Lignite coal
What type of mining is practiced in ND?
surface
What is coal gasification?
The process of converting coal from a solid to a gaseous state.
What North Dakota is called?
The Saudi Arabia of wind energy
What is LM Glass Fiber?
the producer of wind turbine blades
Who is the 4th largest producer of wind tower in North America?
DMI
What is biodiesal?
a renewable fuel made from soybeans
What company build the refinery in Mandan?
Standard Oil
Today, what company owns the refinery in Mandan?
Tesoro
What is watershed?
the land area that drains to a body of water.
What is ground water?
water that is located beneath the surface of the earth.
What are aquifers made of?
sand and gravel and lies on top of the bedrock
What is drought?
a long period with little or no rainfall
What is an artesian?
A type of well where ground water flows to the surface by natural pressures.
What does the Missouri River drainage system include?
Major subdivisions of the Missouri and James River
What does the Hudson bay drainage system include?
The Souris and Red River basins
What was created following the construction of the Garrison Dam?
Lake Sakakawea
What is an acre foot?
The amount of water that will cover an acre of land one foot deep.
What was formed by the construction of the Oahe Dam?
Lake Darling and Lake Oahe
What is the largest reservoir in the James River Basin?
Jamestown Reservoir
What is the largest reservoir in the Souris River Basin?
Lake Darling
What was constructed north of Valley City in 1950?
Baldhill Dam
What is the largest reservoir located in the Red River Basin?
Lake Ashtabula
What is the Pick-Sloan Act?
The plan to achieve six objectives for the Missouri River and its valley.
By 1920, more than half of ND public school students attended one of these?
One-room country school
What did the GI bill do?
Federal government paid for college education.
What helps pay for public schools in ND?
property taxes and equalization funds
What law was passed in 1959, to finance public education?
state foundation aid program
What legislation provided up to $500,000 to school districts that merged to form at least 800 square miles?
School district-consolidation bonus program
What allowed school districts to form agreements where members share resources in areas such as transportation and curriculum, etc.
Joint Powers Agreements
What are paid on the value of homes, farmland, and other real estate?
property taxes
What is alternative education?
Those situations other than the traditional public school classroom.
Who operates nearly all of the private schools in North Dakota?
church denominations
What allows schools to offer more curricular choices?
videoconferencing
What refers to the colleges and universities that offer advanced academic work?
Higher education
When did the Great Depression begin?
In 1929 when the stock market crashed.
What was the North Dakota economy was tied to during the 1930's?
wheat
Who operates nearly all of the private schools in North Dakota?
church denominations
What allows schools to offer more curricular choices?
videoconferencing
What refers to the colleges and universities that offer advanced academic work?
Higher education
When did the Great Depression begin?
In 1929 when the stock market crashed.
What was the North Dakota economy was tied to during the 1930's?
wheat
What provided relief to farmers during the Great Depression?
Agricultural Adjustment Act
What event marked the end of the Great Depression?
World War II
What president was responsible for the New Deal?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR)
What happened to North Dakota's population in the 1990's?
It declined
What is North Dakota's largest city?
Fargo
What is the average size of a North Dakota farm in 2000?
1300 acres
What percent of North Dakota's population is expected to be rural by 2020?
42%
What has happened to the number of farms in North Dakota in the last 10 years?
It has decreased
What was the population of the United States in 2006?
300 million
What can be blamed for the large decrease in North Dakota's population?
the Great Depression
How many counties of North Dakota are expected to increase in population between 2000 and 2020?
22 out of 53
When were North Dakotans considered urban dwellers rather than rural?
1990
North Dakota's four largest cities (Fargo, Bismarck, Grand Forks, and Minot) make up how much of the state's population?
about 36%