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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
PENINSULA
An area of land surrounded by water on three sides.
EPIC
A long poem.
ACROPOLIS
A high city built by rocky, protected hills where people felt safe.
CITY-STATES
Tiny nations that are separate and independent.
ARISTOCRATS
Members of the rich and powerful families.
TYRANT
A ruler who seized (or took) power by force.
DEMOCRACY
A government in which the citizens govern (or rule) themselves.
HOMER
A Greek poet who wrote the Odyssey and the Iliad.
SOLON
A wise, fair Athenian leader.
TROY
The land where the Trojan War took place and the home of Odysseus.
TRIBUTE
Payments made to Athens by their allies (friends).
IMMORTAL
To live forever.
PHILOSOPHER
People who thought about ways besides myths to understand the world.
TRAGEDY
A serious story that usually ends in disaster for the main character.
PERICLES
An Athenian leader who led the Athenians in war and peace.
PARTHENON
The home on Earth for the goddess Athena.
SOCRATES
He was a philosopher who wanted the people to think about the true meanings of things like justice and courage.
ZEUS
King of the gods and goddesses.Lord of the thunderbolt.
HERA
Wife and queen to Zeus. Goddess of marriage and women.
APOLLO
Son of Zeus. God of poetry and music.
ATHENA
The wise daughter of Zeus. Goddess of crafts. War goddess.
POSEIDON
The brother of Zeus. Ruler of the sea and cause of earthquakes. Lord of the horses.
AGORA
The center of the public life in Athens. A public market or meeting place.
ATHENS
The city-state of Greece in which democracy was most fully expressed. (Here people ruled themselves)
PLAGUE
A widespread disease. Many people died from tha plague.
BLOCKADE
This is when an area of land or water is surrounded so no one or nothing can get through.
SPARTA
A city-state in southern Greece. Life was bad for the people here. This is where the term Spartan comes from. It means you don't have much. Spartan people put up with a lot of horrible things.
PERSIA
An area to the east of Greece that was a threat to Greece. Persia was powerful.
MARATHON
A flat land between where the two armies of Persia and Athens stared at one another before a battle.
BARBARIAN
Wild, uncivilized people.
ASSASSINATE
To be murdered by a rival.
HELLENISTIC
This comes from the word Hellas-the name the Greeks gave their land.
KING PHILIP
The king of Macedonia.
MACEDONIA
The area that lay just to the north of Greece. The people of Macedonia were thought to be wild and uncivilized (barbarians).
ALEXANDER THE GREAT
A 20 year old man who became king of Macedonia after Philip was killed.
ALEXANDRIA
The greatest of all the Hellenistic cities. It is found in Egypt.
EUCLID
A mathematician who developed geometry.
ARCHIMEDES
A great scientist who discovered people could use pulleys to lift things.