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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
establishing that all people have equal rights; providing all people with equal rights
democratic
a "hands-off" government policy concerning private businesses; French term which means "let people do as they choose"
laissez-faire
bringing formal charges against a federal or state public official with the intent of removing the official from office; bringing charges of wrongdoing against a public official
impeachment
Supreme Court ruling that claimed a law passed by Congress was unconstitutional
Marbury v Madison
the right of the Supreme Court to review lawsd passed by Congress
judicial review
a model to be used as a guide for future actions
precedent
to give up, as land
cede
something that prevents goods and people from moving in and out of an area
blockade
act of forcing men to serve military duty
impressment
soldier who abandons his or her military duty without permission
deserter
an official government ban on trade
embargo
a Native American religious leader
shaman
a person in 1812 who wanted the United States to go to war against Great Britain
war hawk
armed, private ship that protected colonial ports
privateer
an official song of praise and patriotism
national anthem
the nation's third President, worked to simplify government and give more power to the people
Thomas Jefferson
one of the "midnight judges" appointed by John Adams just before his term of office ended in an effort to preserve the Federalist view of the Constitution; served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1801 until his death in 1835
John Marshall
the new capital of the United States
Washington, D.C.
a Jefferson appointee to Secretary of the Treasury; an immigrant from Switzerland who was a brilliant financier who had been an outstanding member of the House of Representatives
Albert Gallatin
an act passed by the Federalists in Congress that increased the number of federal judges, allowing outgoing President John Adams to fill many judgeship positions with members of his own party just before leaving office; these judges known as the "midnight judges"
Judiciary Act of 1801
one of the "midnight judges" appointed by President John Adams to serve as justice of the peace in the District of Columbia
William Marbury
appointed as Secretary of State by Jefferson
James Madison
Congress created the office of attorney general
Judiciary Act of 1789
the land from the Mississippi River west to the Rocky Mountains
Louisiana Territory
France's ambitious general who later became its dictator and had plans for France to conquer Europe and form a large empire
Napoleon Bonaparte
the US ambassador to France who was sent to try to buy New Orleans and West Florida from Napoleon and France; helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase
Robert Livingston
a diplomat and former Virginia governor who was sent as a special envoy or agent to negotiate the purchase of New Orleans and West Florida; helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase
James Monroe
in May 1803, the US purchased from France all the land that country controlled in North America including Florida,along with New Orleans and the remaining Louisiana Territory for $15 million dollars
Louisiana Purchase
an army captain who was an amateur scientist and had done business with Native Americans; member of the first scientific project in the nation's history to receive federal money -- the Lewis and Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis
an army lieutenant who was an amateur scientist and had done business with Native Americans; member of the first scientific project in the nation's history to receive federal money -- the Lewis and Clark Expedition
William Clark