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39 Cards in this Set

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Contains only pine trees
Boreal
The distinct layers that form the soil
soil horizons
Forests of short trees and shrubs
Mediterranean scrub forest
A grassland with scattered trees, low rainfall
Savanna
Has the most fires
Mediterranean scrub forest
Areas with no plant life
barren regions
Plants have tiny leaves with waxy surfaces
Desert
Plants either have big roots to get water deep in the soil or store water
Desert
Trees in the middle-latitude climates that remain green year round
coniferous
A series of stages in which energy is passed among living things
food chain
Forests of needle-bearing trees found in cold climates
boreal
Located between a tropical rain forest and a desert
Savanna
A hot, wet area close to the equator in which plants grow year round
Tropical rain forest
Grasslands of the middle latitudes with adequate rainfall; productive when wild grasses are removed
Prairie
Contains a prairie and a steppe
grassland
A biome too cold to support much growth
Tundra
Has a distinct wet and dry season
Savanna
Trees that lose their leaves in the winter
deciduous
Determined by the types of trees growing in the area
Forest
Once contained buffalo, but now have cattle and wheat
Grassland
Plant and animal communities that cover a large area of the earth's surface
biomes
Decayed plant matter
humus
Any tree covered area
forest
A stable plant community; last stage of succession
climax community
Plant roots are prevented from penetrating deep into the soil because of permafrost
Tundra
Supports large numbers of grazing animals and predators
Savanna
Located between a desert and a temperate forest
Grassland
The washing of nutrients from the top layer of soil
leaching
A biome in which plants survive by using little water or storing water
Desert
A group of plants that lives and grows together
plant community
Most have been lost to farming and growth of cities
Mediterranean scrub forest
Located near the equator and contains much humus
Tropical rain forest
Has short trees with leathery leaves
Mediterranean scrub forest
Animals from other regions migrate here to feed on the fresh plant growth and the millions of insects
Tundra
Not found anywhere in the southern hemisphere
Boreal forest
Has deciduous and coniferous trees
Temperate forest
All living things and the areas they inhabit on earth
biosphere
The process by which one group of plants replaces another group
plant succession
The soil of this forest is the most acidic
Boreal forest