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23 Cards in this Set

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Civilization
A term historians use to describe a culture that has reached a certain level of developnemt.
Irrigation system
Ditches that were dug to control flooding and to water more land.
City-state
villages and towns that grew into cities that were considered a small state or nation. (type of government was Theocracy)
Theocracy
Ruled by an individual who was both the religious leader and King.(Had almost absolute power)
Cuneiform
Form of writing created by Sumerians written with wooden triangular shaped sticks on clay tablets
Empire
A group of states under one ruler
Delta
A triangular piece of richly fertile land
Pharaoh
Great ruler in Egypt.
Polytheistic
Refers to a religion with many gods.
Embalm
To preserve the body after death.
Pyramid
Large tombs built to store the bodies. (Usually of the wealthy)
Hieroglyphics
Ancient Egyptian system of writing useing pictures as symbols.
Papyrus
A plant that grows along the nile that was used to make paper.
Scribe
Royal officers who kept record of government business.
Monotheism
Belief in one supreme god.
Diaspora
Scattering of Jews outside the Holy land
Scapegoat
Someone to blame for troubles
(jews were sometimes made to be scapegoats)
Messiah
a savior
Disciple
Early followers of Jesus
Minister
To take care of (missionaries went to minister to new Christians)
Crusades
Military campaigns organized by catholic popes and kings to capture Jerusalem
Five pillars of faith
The 5 obligations of all Muslims
1.Share your belief/one god
2. Pray 5 times per day
3.Give to charity
4. Fast during Ramadan
5. Go to Mecca once in life
Hajj
The journey all Muslims are to take once in their life to Mecca