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40 Cards in this Set

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Air conducting tube that connects the larynx with the bronchi. Is lined with mucous membranes and cilia and contains strong cartilage rings
Trachea
Tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
Urethra
Airway to which the vocal cords are attached
Larynx
Lung disease in which the alveoli enlarge
Emphysema
Elastic, muscular organ that holds urine until it leaves the body through the urethra
Bladder
Muscle beneath the lungs that contracts and rlaxes to move gasses in and out of the body
Diaphragm
Tiny filtering unit of the kidney
Nephron
Waste water that contains excess water, salts and other wastes that are not reabsorbed by the body
Urine
Two short tubes that branch off the lower end of the trachea and carry air into the lungs
Bronchi
Bean shaped urinary system organ that is made up of 1 million nephrons and filters blood, producing urine
Kidney
Lung disorder in which the bronchial tubes contract quickly and cuase shortness of breath, wheezing or coughing; may occur as an allergic reaction
Asthma
Tube that carries urine from each kidney to the bladder
Ureter
System of excretory organs that rids the blood of wastes, controls blood volume by removing excess water and balances concentration of salts and water
Urinary system
Tiny, thin-walled grapeike cluster at the end of each bronchiole that are surrounded by capillaries, where carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange takes place
Alveoli
Tubelike passageway for food, liquid and air
Pharynx
process that a seed undergoes to become a plant
termination
transfer of pollen graines from the stamen to the ovules
pollination
underground stem on a fern
rhizome
structures where ferns produce spores
sori
male reproductive organ of a flower; consists of an anther and a filament
stamen
contain an egg cell, food-storage tissue and a sticky fluid
ovules
swollen base of pistil; where ovules form
ovary
These contain the sperm-producing parts in seed plants
pollen grains
A fern spore can grow into a small, green heart-shaped gametophyte plant called what
prothallus
are mosses vascular or non-vascular
Nonvascular
The prothallus contains what to help make its own food
chlorophyll
Pollination involves the transfer of what from the flower's stamen to its stigma
pollen
What is the male reproductive organ
stamen
What is the female reproductive organ
pistil
What are the pollen grains carried by
wind, rain and animals
What is the sticky part of the plant's pistil
stigma
What travels down the pollen tube to fertilize the egg
sperm
Following fertilization, the female part develops into what
a seed
When cells form having a diploid number of chromosomes
sporophyte stage
haploid cells reproduced when cells in reporductive organs undergo meiosis
spore
When cells form having a haploid number of chromosomes
gametophyte stage
brightly colored part of a flower
petal
covers the bud of the flower
sepal
stalk of male organ
filament
where pollen grains form
anther