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65 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Hormone-controlled monthly cycle in the female reproductive system
Mentrual cycle
Haploid sex cells formed in the mal reproductive organs
Sperm
A developing baby after the first two months of pregnancy until birth
fetus
Male organ that produces sperm and testosterone
Testies
Mixture of sperm and a fluid that help sperm move and supplies them with an energy source
Semen
Can occur during the birth process or after birth as an infant adjusts from a dark, watery environment to its new environment
Fetal Stress
Thin, liquid-filled protective membrane that forms around the embryo
Amniotic Sac
Chemical produced by the endocrine system; released directly into the bloodstream by ductless glands
Hormone
Hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ where a fertilized egg develops into a baby
Uterus
Fertilized egg that has attached to the wall of the uterus
Embryo
Monthly process in which an egg is released from an ovary and enters the oviduct, where it can become fertilized by sperm
Ovulation
Muscular tube that connects the lower end of the uterus to the outside of the body; the birth canal through which a baby travels when being born
Vagina
Period of development - usually aout 38-39 weeks in humans from fertilized egg until birth
Pregnancy
Female reproductive organ that produces eggs and is located in the lower part of the body
Ovary
Monthly flow of blood and tissue cells that occurs when the lining of the uterus breaks down and is shed
Menstration
As males mature sexually, what begins to produce sperm
Testes
A mixture of sperm and seminal vesicle fluids
Semen
What system releases hormones into the bloodstream
Endocrine System
During the first 2 months of development, the unborn child is known as
Embryo
During the 7-9 months of pregnancy, the unborn child is known as
Fetus
The new things a fetus experiences during delivery cause what
fetal stress
What is the female sex organ that is the size and shape of an almond
Ovary
What is also called the birth canal
Vagina
Where does the fertilized egg develop
Uterus
The period of development from fertilized egg to birth is known as
Pregnancy
What gland controls your body's metabolism
Thyroid gland
Where are hormones or chemicals made through your body
Glands
Are hormones released directly or indirectly into your bloodstreem
directly
What gland regulates growth
Pituitary gland
Do Endocrine glands have ducts
no
As males mature sexually, what begins to produce sperm
Testes
A mixture of sperm and seminal vesicle fluids
Semen
What system releases hormones into the bloodstream
Endocrine System
During the first 2 months of development, the unborn child is known as
Embryo
During the 7-9 months of pregnancy, the unborn child is known as
Fetus
As males mature sexually, what begins to produce sperm
Testes
A mixture of sperm and seminal vesicle fluids
Semen
What system releases hormones into the bloodstream
Endocrine System
During the first 2 months of development, the unborn child is known as
Embryo
During the 7-9 months of pregnancy, the unborn child is known as
Fetus
The negative-feedback system of the endocrine system works much like what
a thermostat
What is the function of the pituitary gland
Produces hormones that regulate metabolic rate
What is the function of the thyroid gland
Produces hormones that regulate metabolic rate
What is the function of the parathyroid glands
Help regulate calcium levels in the body
What is the function of the adrenal glands
Helps your body adapt to physical and emotional stress
How often does a femal release an egg
Once a month
What is the process of egg release called
Ovulation
What happens inside the uterus as an egg matures in the ovary
The uterus thickens for the fertilized egg
If an egg isn't fertilized, what happens to the egg and to the lining of the uterus
is dissolves and the lining is shed
What is is called when the uterine lining dissolves and sheds
Mensturation
How long does menstration last?
4-6 days
Why are testes located outside the body rather than inside
because of the cooler temperature
What happens during menopause
Females do not ovulate
What age does menopause usually occur
Starts around 45
When does menopause usually end
60 years
what does semen consist of
Sperm and nourishing fluid
What is another name for a chemical messenger
hormone
do the endocrine glands have ducts?
no
what is the key to the human reproductive system
hormones from the endocrine gland
Describe the negative feedback system
It is much like a thermostat. It controls the amount of hormones
What are the two parts of the sperm
Head and tail
The lower the temperature of the semen the more or less sper there will be
more
Where does the sperm travel through
Urethera
This cushions the developing fetus
Amniotic sac
The process of releasing on a monthly basis
ovulation