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61 Cards in this Set

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Eukaryotic one- or many-celled organism which lives in a moist or wet environment; some are plant-like and contain chlorophyll while others are animal-like and can move
Protist
Protists are difficult to ...
Classify
The _________ of protists is studied through fossils and genetic material
evolution
Plantlike protists are called what
algae
What does algae contain to make food
chlorophyll
These are found in fresh and salt water, make glasslike boxes which can form fossils
Diatoms
What are long, thin, whiplike strutures which help to move in the saltwater environment
Flagella
What organisms use flagells to move in saltwater evironment
dinoflagellages
These have characteristics of both plants and animals
Euglenoids
When this is present, euglenoids can make their own food.
Light
In the absence of light, what do euglenoids eat
bacteria or other protists
What is another name for seaweeds
Red algae
These organisms are usually many-celled and can live at depths of 175m and contain chlorophyll and large amounts of red pigment
Red Algae
These contain large amounts of chlorophyll and can be 1-celled or many-celled; some scientists hypothesize that plants evolved from these
Green Algae
What is another name for brown algae
Kelp
This is an important source of food and shelter for aquatic organisms
Brown algae or kelp
algae produce oxygen through this
photosynthesis
Algae are used in many cosmetics and what
food products
1-celled animal protists that are classified by how they move are called
protozoans
ciliates have threadlike structures called what
cilia
Eukaryotic one- or many-celled organism which lives in a moist or wet environment; some are plant-like and contain chlorophyll while others are animal-like and can move
Protist
Protists are difficult to ...
Classify
The _________ of protists is studied through fossils and genetic material
evolution
Plantlike protists are called what
algae
What does algae contain to make food
chlorophyll
Where do flagellates live
fresh water
Where do proterospongia grow
cell colonies
Some protozoans move and eat using false feet. Another name for these is
pseudopods
________________________ trap its food with its pseudopods
amoeba
_____________________ protozoans can push a pseudopod through a hole in the shell
Shelled
Protozoans are in in source of what for many animals
food
shelled protozoans become a part of what layers
cetiment
Geologists can use the shelled protozoans in the centiment layers as an indicator species to help locate this
petroleum reserves
What can parasites case in humans
disease
Funguslike protists produce what
spores
what is usually found on decaying vegetation in moist, cool areas
slime and mold
what grows on spoiling food and damp places like show curtains
fungi
Threadlike tubes that produce enzymes for digestion are called what
hyphae
fungi are ________________, feeding on dead or decaying material
saprophytes
do fungi make their own food?
no
a zygote fungus produces spores in a round case called
sporangium
organisms composed of a fungus and either a green algae or a cyanobacterium are called
lichens
lichens help rocks
weather or breakdown
some fungi form a hyphae network with plant roots called
mycorrhizae
many fungi produce
antibiotics
fungi are impartant as
decomposers
reproductive cell of fungi
spore
animal-like protist
protozoans
structure in club fungi holding reproductive cell
basidium
sac of reproductive cells in yeast and other sac fungi
ascus
mass of threadlike tubes composing the body of fungi
hyphae
Footlike cytoplasmic extensions
pseudopods
organism made of a fungus and green algae or cyanobacteria
lichen
organism made of a fungus and green algae or cyanobacteria
lichen
plantlike protists
algae
short threadlike structures extending from the cell membrane that aid locomotion in some animal-like protists
cilia
case of reproductive cells in zygote fungi
sporangium
form of reproduction used by yeasts in which an organism grows off the side of the parent
budding
organisms that obtain food by feeding on dead or decaying organisms
saprophytes
mushrooms are what kind of fungus
club
a network of fungus hyphae and plant roots that benefit both
mycorrhizae