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9 Cards in this Set

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What diseases is breast feeding protective against in the infant? Why?
BF reduces the risk or severity of pyloric stenosis, respiratory illness, gastrointestinal tract disease, inflammatory bowel, some childhood cancers, otitis media, urinary tract infections, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and type 1 diabetes mellitus. These benefits are largely due to a range of immunoprotective factors in breast milk which are in highest concentration in colostrum. may also protect against allergic rhinitis, asthma and eczema in atopic families.
How much formula does an infant need?
A formula fed infant generally needs 100-120 kcal/kg/day, which is provided by 150-180 ml of formula/kg/day. Babies feed very frequently in the first few weeks of life. As they grow older they feed less frequently but have larger volumes at each feed. At the age of 6 months, an infant would usually be having 4-5 feeds per day of 180-240 ml per feed.
Should breastmilk be supplemented with water in hot climates?
No!
Why should solids be commenced at 6 months?
By the age of six months, iron and zinc stores are falling in infants who have been exclusively breast milk-fed. From 6-7 months through to 11-12 months babies enter a developmental stage when they progress from sucking to chewing and biting. This is a critical period for babies to learn different tastes and textures, and the mouth-feel of different foods.
What should be the considerations of transitional food for babies at 6 months?
A variety of textures, hygienic preparation, salt and sugar content in terms of babies becoming habituated to those flavours, and the energy and nutrient density of the food
At what age does an infant double and triple it's weight?
Doubles @ 5 months
Triples @ 1 year
What specific foods should be given to infants?
Iron-enriched infant cereals are introduced at 6 months and then soft and smooth vegetables, fruits, meats, poultry and fish are added individually, without added salt or sugar. Vitamin preparations and iron supplements are never routinely required.
Is breastfeeding protective against future obesity?
There is a small but protective effect of breastfeeding against the later development of obesity, although not all studies have shown this. Potential confounders include socioeconomic status (breastfeeding is more prevalent among women of higher socioeconomic status, while obesity is more common among children and adults of lower socioeconomic status) and the fact that women with higher pre-pregnancy weights tend to breastfeed less frequently.
How does parental feeding style affect childhood obesity?
t is possible that parental (especially maternal) feeding restriction may promote over-eating in the young child. Small size at birth, followed by later rapid catch-up growth (perhaps influenced by inadvertent over-feeding), especially in the first 2 years, is associated with an increased risk of later childhood obesity.