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80 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Can you convert dynamic to basic disks?
Yes, but must first delete all volumes on the dynamic disk
Where is the MBR?
On the first partition on the basic disk
Where is the partition table located?
Partition table is located on the MBR
Where is the master boot code located?
Mater boot code is on the MBR
How can you divide up the first physical disk?
4 primary partitions or 3 primary & 1 extended partition. Create 1 or more logical drives on extended
GPT: GUID Partition table. Itanium computers use GPT on their hard drives.
Max number of primary partitions on a Itanium disk
128 primary parititions possible on a Itanium hard drive
Max addressable disk space on a Itanium system?
18EB (Exabytes
Dynamic disks were introduced in what Windows version?
Windows 2000 introduced dynamic disks
Dynamic disks are divided up into…
Dynamic volumes (only). Cannot be divided up into paritition or logical drives
T/F: Dynamic disks can be divided up into logical drives
False. Dynamic disks can only be divided up into dynamic volumes
Define a simple volume
A simple volume includes space (contiguous or not) from a single dynamic disk drive.
What is a spanned volume?
Disk space on 2 or more dynamic drives (up to max 32 drives)
When would you create a spanned volume?
Create spanned volume when running out of space on a dynamic volume
T/F: There is a performance advantage to spanned volumes
False: No performance enhancement with spanned volumes.
What is a striped volume?
Striped volume: 2 or more drives with equal sized stripes. Data is written sequentially
T/F: For spanned volumes, each allocated space must be the same size
False: With spanned volumes, each allocated space can be a different size.
T/F: A simple volume contains space from only one dynamic drive
True: A simple volume can be on only one dynamic drive
T/F: On spanned volumes data is written sequentially
True: Data is written sequentially on spanned volumes, filling up the 1st volume first.
What happens if you lose one drive in a spanned volume?
All data access on a spanned volume is lost if one drive fails
T/F: Striped volumes offer increased performance
True: Striped volumes have better performance.
What happens if you lose one drive in a striped volume?
Striped volume: lose one drive & you lose it all
What is a mirrored volume?
RAID 1. 2 physical drives. Fault tolerant
T/F: A Mirrored volume has better Reads
True: A Mirrored volume has enhanced Read performance
T/F: A Mirrored volume has better Writes
False: A Mirrored volume has a decrease in Write performance (must write to 2 drives)
What is duplexing in Windows 2003 Server?
A RAID 1 where each drive is on its own controller. Improves Write performance on a Mirrored volume
What is a RAID-5 volume?
RAID 5: Like striped volumes but have added parity stripe & requires at least 3 drives
T/F: The system & boot partition can be on a Mirrored volume
True: boot & system can be on a RAID 1 Mirrored volume
T/F: The system & boot partition can be on a RAID-5
False: Cannot have system & boot partition on a RAID-5.
T/F: If drive fails in a RAID-5 there is decrease performance
True: Failed drive in RAID 5 is slower because parity info must be recalculated in memory to reconstruct
How is an extended volume created?
Take one simple volume & add more disk space from the same physical drive. Still a single drive letter
Requirements for extending a volume
Need existing simple volume formatted as NTFS & not converted from a basic disk partition
Requirements for creating a spanned volume
Unallocated disk space on 2 or more hard drives. FAT, FAT32 or NTFS
Right-click on unallocated dynamic disk space -> what options?
Can create a simple volume, spanned volume or striped volume
T/F: A spanned volume including 2 HDDs = 2 drive letters
False: A spanned volume of 2 or more drives = one drive letter.
T/F: A spanned volume can include different drive sizes
True: Spanned volume can be made up of unequal drive/disk space sizes.
Requirements for a striped volume
Free space on 2 or more drives. Each space the same size.
T/F: Data is written on a striped volume sequentially
False: Striped data is written across volumes/disks in 64K stripes
T/F: Data on a spanned volume is written sequentially
True: Data on a striped (& extended) volume is written sequentially
T/F: Data on an extended volume is written sequentially
True: Data on extended & spanned volumes is written sequentially
When creating a striped volume, you create a new volume
True: With a striped volume you do not start out with an existing volume
When creating a extended volume, you create a new volume
False: An extended volume is created by taking a simple volume & making it bigger
When creating a spanned volume, you are starting with an existing volume
False: Spanned volumes involve creating a new volume, not using an existing one
T/F: You cannot delete part of a striped volume without losing all data
True: Deleting any part of a striped volume -> all data is lost
Requirements for creating a mirrored volume
RAID 1: 2 physical dynamic drives. Both with unallocated space equal in size
Navigate to Disk Management
Start-Admin Tools-Computer Management. Expand Computer Management-Storage-Disk Management
T/F: Creating a mirrored volume involves creating a new volume
True: Creating a RAID 1 (mirrored volume) involves New Volume wizard
How do you start to create a mirrored volume?
Right-click in unallocated space, select NEW VOLUME.
Maximum # of drives you can have in a RAID 5
RAID 5 can have 3 to 32 physical drives
T/F: Creating a RAID 5 involves creating a new volume
True: A RAID 5 will create a new volume
Requirement for creating a RAID 5 volume
Unallocated space on at least 3 drives of equal size. Not the system or boot volume
How do you start to create a RAID-5 volume?
Right-click on unallocated space, select NEW VOLUME
What is the status code of a normal disk?
Status code for a dynamic disk with I/O errors
Online(Errors) or Healthy(At Risk)
T/F: A Disk Management status code of Unreadable is only for dynamic
False: Unreadable disk status code can occur on basic or dynamic disks
Explain a disk status of Failed
Failed disk status: If basic, probably HW. Dynamic volume: check if disks are Online
Disk status of Unknown
Unknown disk status: boot sector is corrupt, or no disk signature has been created
Basic steps for moving dynamic data disks to another computer
Right-click each disk & select REMOVE DISK. Install drives, ACTION - Rescan Disks
You move a dynamic disk over, but it shows as Foreign
Right-click, then select IMPORT FOREIGN DISKS
DISKPART: An * next to Disk x means what?
DISKPART: *Disk 1 means disk has the current focus
DISKPART: T/F: Disk numbering starts with zero
True: Disk #s start with 0
DISKPART: T/F: Partition numbering starts with zero
False: Disk partition numbering starts with 1
DISKPART: What does the ADD command do?
ADD to add a mirror to a simple volume
DISKPART: What does the ACTIVE command do?
to mark the current partition as active. Marking the wrong partition Active -> PC no longer boots
DISKPART: What does the ASSIGN command do?
ASSIGN will Assign a drive letter or mount point to the volume with focus
DISKPART: You cannot ASSIGN drive letters to what?
Volume type you cannot assign drive letter to: system, paging file, boot, OEM partitions, GPT partition (other then a basic data partition)
DISKPART: What does the BREAK command do?
breaks a mirror set. Results in 2 simple volumes.
DISKPART: What does the CLEAN command do?
Clears or removes all existing config info for the focused disk
DISKPART: What does the CONVERT command do?
DISKPART: What must you do before using a DISKPART command?
You must list first, then give an object focus before running a DISKPART command
DISKPART: You use LIST PARTITION but only the first 2 partitions display
The DISKPART command LIST PARTITION shows only the partitions on the current ("focused") disk, & not parititons on all physical disks
DISKPART: Marking a partition ACTIVE makes it bootable
FALSE: Marking a partition active causes DISKPART to verify the paritition is capable of containing the OS startup files
DISKPART: Making a partition ACTIVE verifies bootable OS files are there
FALSE: Making partition x ACTIVE means it can contain bootable OS files only
DISKPART: What does it mean when an object has focus?
With DISKPART you select an object, like a partition, by giving it focus. Then you can execute DISKPART commands on it. Objects with focus are marked by a *.
DISKPART: T/F: With ASSIGN you must specify drive letter or mount point
FALSE: With ASSIGN, if you don't specify a drive letter, the next available letter will be used.
What is the CL command to mount a volume?
The command line command to mount a volume is MOUNTVOL
What is the CL command to dismount a volume?
The command line command to dismount a volume is MOUNTVOL
What does mounting a volume accomplish?
Mounting volumes allows you to access multiple volumes with a single drive letter
T:/F: You can configure a disk volume with no drive letter
True: A disk volume can be configured with no drive letter
T/F: You can only mount a volume from a dynamic disk
False: Both basic & dynamic disks support mounting volumes. But the empty volume you mount to must be on a NTFS volume.