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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What pigment gives a plant its green color?
chlorophyll
What is bract?
a colorful leaf surrounding certain flowers such as the dogwood & poinsetta
What is tropism?
any growth response of a plant to a condition in its environment
What part of a plant grows below the ground?
the root system
What is a chloroplast?
a "package" of chlorophyll found in leaf cells
What is the main function of the roots?
to absorb water and minerals from the ground
Name the scientist who studies plants.
a botanist
What is an underground storehouse made with layers of thick leaves surrounding a short stem?
a bulb
Name the tough, fibrous material used to form the cell walls of plants.
cellulose
This plant process occurs when an egg from the ovule unites with a sperm cell from a grain of pollen.
fertilization
What part of the plant is above the ground?
the shoot system
What part of the root grows?
only the tip
What underwater plant has hollow, bladderlike leaves filled with water?
bladderwort
Which plant family has five petals and its fruit grows in pods?
the pea family
Name the plant family that has small flowers, two-part leaves, and reproduces without flowers.
the grass family
This plant has hinged leaves that close shut like a steel trap.
Venus flytrap
Where does photosynthesis occur?
Photosynthesis occurs in the leaves of a plant.
What are the characteristics of the composite family of plants?
It is the largest flowering family and its two types of flowers make up the "one" flower.
This plant uses bright colors and nectar to lure insects to its leaves where they drown.
a pitcher plant
What two conditions are needed for a seed to sprout?
moisture and warmth
Which plant family grows bulbs and has petals which grow in groups of threes?
the lily family
Apples and cherries are included in which plant family?
the rose family
What three "ingredients" are necessary for photosynthesis?
Photosynthesis will only occur when water, air, and light are present.
The purpose of photosynthesis is ________.
to make food for the plant
What is pollination?
the transfer of pollen from the stamen to the pistil
Be able to label diagram of a flower: petal, pistal, stamen, sepal, ovule
See p. 31 to study
What is pollination?
the transfer of pollen from the stamen to the pistil
Be able to label diagram of a flower: petal, pistal, stamen, sepal, ovule
See p. 31 to study