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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Sequence
An Ordered List of Numbers
1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 is a sequence counting by 1
Ordinal Number
Used to Name a Position
(1st, 2nd, 3rd, First, Second,Third)
Algorithm
A Procedure for Getting an Answer
Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division
Inverse Operation
One Operation that Undoes the Other
Subtraction undoes Addition, Division undoes Multiplication
Equation
Number sentence with an "=" sign
4 kinds of Math Stories
Combining, Separating, Equal Groups & Comparing
Commutative Property
2 numbers put together ( added, subtracted, divided or multiplied) that get flipped have the same answer
5+6 = 6+5
Identity Property
Number + 0 = Number
Line Segment
part of a line with two endpoints
Ray
begins at a point and continues without end
Oblique Line
a line segment that is neither horizontal nor vertical; it is diagonal
Number Line
a line that shows numbers in a certain distance from zero
Intergers
counting numbers, negative numbers and zero
Factors
Numbers that are multiplied together
3 x 4 = 12
3 and 4 are multiplied together, so 3 and 4 are FACTORS
Property of Zero
Number x 0 = 0
Angles
Right, Acute, Obtuse Angle
Plane
a flat surface that extends without end
Polygon
a flat shape that has walls
(triangle, square, circle...)
Vertex (vertices)
Two sides that meet to form and angle
Quadrilateral
a 4 sided polygon
Quotient
The answer to a division problem
6 divided by 2 = 3
so 3 is the quotient of the problem.
Triangles
Equilateral (all equal)
Isosceles (2 equal)
Scalene (0 equal)
Common Denominator
Fractions that have the same denominator
Expanded Notation
Writing a number with a digit x its place value
(3 x 100) + (2 x 10) + (1 x 1) = 321
Frequency Table
Table that shows how many times things are used
Statistics
The study of data (gathered information)
Cluster
a group of data points that are very close together
Probability
a measure of how likely it is that an event(s) will occur
Proper fraction
A fraction that is less than 1
6/7
Improper Fraction
A fraction that is more than 1
7/6
Exponent
Used to show repeated multiplication
Base
The number that is being multiplied in the exponent problem
Power
The base and the exponent, together
Cubed
Refers to a number to the 3rd power or also a geometric reference (W, D, L)
Squared
Refers to a number to the 2nd power
Prime Number
Any number that is not divisible by an number except 1 and itself evenly
Composite Number
Numbers with more than 2 factors
Array
A rectangular arrangement of numbers or objects om row & columns
Bar Graph
A frequency table with a Horizontal & Vertical Axis showing data
Pictograph
a graph that uses symbols or icons to compare data
Circle Graph (Pie Chart)
A circular chart that breaks data into part of a wole group
Mutually Exclusive Data
Data that fits only one category
Venn Diagram
Multiple circles that overlap showing places where data is in common
Greatest Common Factor (GCF)
The largest whole number that is a factor of both numbers
Solid (Geometric shape)
A shape that takes up sapce
Parts of a solid
Face (flat surface)
Edge (meeting place of 2 flat surfaces)
Vertex (meeting place of the edges)
Mean
an average
Median
The middle number, when data is arranged in numerical order
Mode
The number that occurs the most when data is gathered
Measures of Central Tendency
Mean, Median, Mode
Spread
How the data is stretched out
Units of Capacity
Measurements of liquids
Gallon, Quart, Liter, Cup, Pint, Ounce
Transformations
Ways to move an item around
Transformation (Sliding)
Rotation (rotating)
Reflection (flipping)
Square Root
a number divided equally = square root
square root of 9 = 3
square root of 16 = 4