Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/25

Click to flip

25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1731 - 1806
Scientist & Mathematician who helped plan Washington DC & who published his own Almanac
Benjamin Banneker
1797 - 1883
Awakened the world to the evils of slavery; fought for black equality & women's rights.
Sojouner Truth
1800 - 1831
A skilled "preacher" who led an unsuccessful black slave revolt in 1831 which lasted about 4 days.
Nat Turner
1817 - 1895
An Escaped slave who became a great anti-slavery speaker & America's Minister to Haiti
Frederick Douglass
1826 - 1913
A legendary member of the "Underground Railroad" who lead over 300 slaves to safety. Nicknamed "Moses of her People"
Harriet Tubman
1822 - 1885
Ohio Native
West Point 1843; 21 out of 39
"Unconditional Surrender" Grant. Rised from clerk in his father's store to General of the Armies to President in seven years. Battles/Campaigns:
Shiloh, Vicksburg, Cattanooga, Fort Henry & Donelson
Major General
Ulysses Simpson (US) Grant
1820 - 1891
Ohio Native
West Point 1840; 6 out of 42
Most hated and despised mand in the history of Georgia for burning down the city of Atlanta though only intentionally targeting resource center of the Confederacy such as munitions factories.
Battles/Campaigns:
Shiloh, First Bull Run, Vicksburg, Atlanta
Major General
William Tecumseh
1815 - 1872
Spain Native
West Point 1835; 19 of 56
"A damned old goggle-eyed snapping turtle" by his men. So unpopular with journalists, he was mentioned only with a Union defeat.
Battles/Campaigns:
Seven Days, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Second Bull Run, Wilderness, Appomattox
Major General
George Gordon Meade
1826 - 1885
Philadelphia Native
West Point 1846; 2 out of 59
Commanded the Army until relieved by Lincoln for letting Lee escape at Antietam. He was the Democratic nominee for President in 1864 and lost to Lincoln.
Battles/Campaigns:
Peninsula, Seven Days, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Seven Pines
Brigadier General
George McClellan
1824 - 1886
Pennsylvania Native
West Point 1844; 18 out of 25
Named after America's top living military hero, Winfield Scott. Distinguished himself as one of the best corps commanders in the Union army.
Battles/Campaigns:
Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderhess, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Penisula, Seven Days
Brigadier General
Winfield Scott Hancock
1831 - 188
Birthplace Unknown
West Point 1853; 34 of 52
Considered a military genius for among other things deceiving a Confederate General into thinking he was being reinforced. He was soon after promoted to Brigadier General at the age of 31.
Battles/Campaigns:
Chickamauga, Stones River, Shenandoah, Appomattox
Brigadier General
Philip Henry Sheridan
1824 - 1881
Indiana Native
West Point 1847; 18 of 38
The term "sideburns" originated from his peculiar whiskers. He was an accomplished politician as well as a military officer including his stint as Commander of the Army.
Battles/Campaigns:
First Bull Run, Fredericksburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg, Antietam
Major General
Ambrose Everett Burnside
1819 - 1914
New York Native
No Formal Military Training
Prior to the war he was the first man acquitted of a murder charge on the grounds of temporary insanity. He was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for courage on the battlefield.
Battles/Campaigns:
Peninsula, Seven Days, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg
Major General
Daniel Edgar Sickles
1839 - 1876
Ohio Native
West Point 1861; 34 of 34
His victories against the South came at a time when that force was a ghost of its former self. He gained notoriety for his indian fighting after the Civil War including his defeat at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.
Battles/Campaigns:
Gettysburg, Shenandoah, Appomatox, First Bull Run
Brigadier General
George Armstrong Custer
1828 - 1914
Maine Native
No Formal Military Training
He was a college professor before he joined the Union Army. Offered the rank of Colonel he declined preferring to 'start a little lower and learn the business first'
Battles/Campaigns:
Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg
Brigadier General
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
1807-1870
Virginia Native
West Point 1829; 2 out of 46
Died without citizenship in the USA, restored in the 1970's. Lee's enormous wartime prestige, both in the North and South, inspired devotion and made him a legendary figure even before his death.
Battles/Campaigns:
Seven Days, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Petersburg, Appomattox
General
Robert Edward Lee
1824 - 1863
West Virginia Native
West Point 1846; 17 out of 59
Known as "Stonewall" because of his steadfastness in the face of the enemy. He died from friendly fire. His death weakened the Confederacy.
Battles/Campaigns:
Harper's Ferry, First Manassas, Shenandoah, Seven Days, Second Manassas, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville
Lieutenant General
Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson
1821 - 1904
South Carolina Native
West Point 1842; 52 out of 56
He was a capable and loyal subordinate to Robert E. Lee. After the war he befriended Grant and became a Republican.
Battles/Campaigns:
First Manassas, Seven Pines, Seven Days, Second Manassas, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Chickamauga, Knoxville, Wilderness, Appomattox
Major General
Earl Van Dorn
1825 - 1865
Virginia Native
West Point 1847; 15 out of 38
Known for his hard-hitting attacks as the head of the Light Division. Both Stonewall Jackson and Lee called for Hill and his division in their dying delirium.
Battles/Campaigns:
Seven Days, Second Manassas, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Cold Harbor, Petersburg
Lieutenant General
Ambrose Powell (AP) Hill
1833 - 1864
Virginia Native
West Point 1854; 13 out of 46
The most famous cavalry man of the Civil War. His death in battle is linked with the marked decline of the Confederate cavalry over the Union's.
Battles/Campaigns:
First Manassas, Seven Days, Second Manassas, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg
Major General
James Ewell Brown (JEB)Stuart
1817 - 1876
North Carolina Native
West Point 1837; 5 out of 50
Had a reputation for strict discipline as well as a literal adherence to regulations. He was appointed an advisor to Jefferson Davis, a staunch supporter, after he was routed at Chattanooga.
Battles/Campaigns:
Shiloh, Chickamauga, Chattanooga
General
Braxton Bragg
1831 - 1879
Kentucky Native
West Point 1853; 44 out of 52
Excelled as brigade and division leader but was a disaster at the head of the army which he all but destroyed.
Battles/Campaigns:
Peninsula, Second Manassas, Seven Days, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Atlanta, Chickamauga, Franklin, Nashville.
Lieutenant-General
John Bell Hood
1821 - 1877
Tennessee Native
No Formal Military Training
Espoused military theory "Get there first with the most men." Prio to the war, he was a millionaire plantation owner. After the war he was financially wiped out.
Battles/Campaigns:
Shiloh, Chickamauga, Nashville, Fort Donelson, Franklin
Lieutenant-General
Nathan Bedford Forrest
1825 - 1875
Virginia Native
West Point 1846; 59 out of 59
His name in history was secured in a losing cause. "Pickett's Charge" wherin his troops dressed as if on parade and marched into Union guns on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Battles/Campaigns:
Seven Days, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Appomattox, Petersburg
Major General
George Edward Pickett
1818 - 1893
Lousiana Native
West Point 1838; 2 out of 45
Launched attack on Fort Sumter that triggered the Civil War. His services were never fully utilized due to the bad blood between him and Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy.
Battles/Campaigns:
First Manassas, Shiloh, Ft. Sumter
Brigadier General
Pierre Gustave Toutant (PGT)Beauregard