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16 Cards in this Set

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Gall Stones
Solid crystals (usually cholesterol) in the gall bladder
Cholecystectomy:
gall bladder removal
Cholecystitis:
infection of the gall bladder
Cholelithiasis:
the presence or formation of gall bladder stones
Koilin Lining:
“tire tread” traps small pebbles and rocks; interior lining of gizzard that aids in grinding seed; once particles down to 0.9mm in size they travel through these channels into the duodenum.
Grit:
usually insoluble granite
*limestone is NOT grit*
Small Intestines is composed of ________, ________, and ________. (in order)
Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum
Sphincter Muscle:
Muscle encircling an opening that keeps opening closed through contraction
Liver:
produces bile (emulsifies lipids); no digestive enzymes
Chyme:
Food after being digested in stomach
Pancreas (flesh-like):
Endocrine Function: produces hormones
Exocrine Function: produce biocarbonate (HCO3) to increase pH of Chyme and produce digestive enzymes
Cholic:
Pain in the abdomen or belly; “a horse cannot vomit, but it can sure sweat” not a symptom… a SIGN
*good quality hay and a continuous access to water will go a long way in keeping colic from occurring (never, never, never overfeed grain)*
Causes of Cholic:
impaction, sand, gas, spasmodic contractions, enteritis, lack of exercise, colitis, gastric distension (rupture), twisted gut (torsion)
Gut torsion in Dog:
More common in German Shepherds and English Pointers; after eating then “working or fighting”
Mesentery:
hold intestines in place
Ischemia:
blocked mesentery arteries.