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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ac
Before Meals
ad lib
freely, as desired
bid
twice a day
_
c
with
cap
capsule
elix
elixir
g, gm or Gm
gram
gr
grain
gtt
drop
h
hour
hs
bedtime (hour of sleep)
ID
intradermal
IM
intramuscular
IV
intravenous
kg or Kg
kilogram
l or L
liter
mcg or upside-down h and g
micogram
mg or mgm
milligram
OD
right eye
OS
left eye
OU
both eyes
oz or 3 (looks like a 3 again)
oz
pc
after meals
po or PO
by mouth
(pie 'ol mate!)
prn
as needed
q
every
qh (q1h)
every hour
q2h... etc
every two hours
number changes for specific times, e.g., q3h
qid
four times a day
qod
every other day
sc or Sc or sq
subcutaneous
ss or
__
ss
one half
stat
immediately
sup or supp
suppository
susp
suspension
tab
tablet
tid
three times a day
tr or tinct
tincture
KT

Anaphylactic reaction
a severe allergic reaction that usually occurs immediately after the administration of a drug
KT

Agonist
a drug that interacts with a receptor to produce a response
KT

Antagonist
that which counteracts the actions of something else, such as a muscle or drug, opposite of synergist
KT

Dermatologic
having to do with the skin
KT

Detoxification
reduction of the toxic properties of a poisonous substance. The process of removing the physiological effects of a drug or substance from an addicted individual
KT

Drug abuse
excessive intake of a substance either continually or periodically
KT

Drug dependence
inability to keep the intake of a drug or substance under control
KT

Drug habituation
a mild form of psychologic dependence on a drug
KT

Drug prototype
A prototype drug is typical of a group of drugs within a drug class. For example, hydrochlorothiazide is a prototype drug that represents all the thiamine diuretics. By learning the core drug knowledge about the prototype, the nurse knows something about the related drugs
KT

Formulary
a collection or list of prescriptions and formulas
KT

Iatrogenic disease
disease caused unintentionally by the physician or medical therapy
KT

Illicit drug
drugs that are sold illegally, street drugs
KT

Incompatibility
the quality of not being suitable for mixture. The condition of not being in harmony with ones surroundings or associates
KT

MAR
Medication Administration Record
KT

Medication
a substance administered for the diagnosis, cure, treatment, for relief of a symptoms or for prevention of disease
KT

Parenteral
drug administration occurring outside the alimentary tract; injected into the body through some route other than the alimentary canal (e.g. intramuscularly)
KT

Pharmacist
a person licensed to prepare and dispense drugs and prescriptions
KT

Pharmacodynamics
the process by which a drug alters cell physiology
KT

Pharmacology
the scientific study of the actions of drugs on living animals and humans
KT

Pharmacopeia
a book containing a list of drug products used in medicine, including their descriptions and formulas
KT

Pharmacy
the art of preparing, compounding and dispensing drugs, also refers to the place where drugs are prepared and dispensed
KT

Pharmacy technician
- a member of the health team who in some states administers drugs to clients
KT

Physicians desk reference (PDR)
an annual compendium of information concerning drugs, primarily prescriptions and diagnostic products. The information is largely that included by the manufacturer in the labeling or package insert as required by the Food and Drug Administration: Indications for use, effects, dosages, administration, warnings, hazards, contradictions, drug interactions, side effects and precautions
KT

Physiologic dependence
biochemical changes occurring in the body as a result of excessive use of a drug
KT

Placebo
any form of treatment (medication) that produces an effect in the client because of its intent rather than its chemical or physical properties
KT

Prescription
the written direction for the preparation and administration of a drug
KT

Psychologic dependence
- a state of emotional reliance on a drug to maintain one’s well-being; a feeling of need or craving for a drug
KT

Therapeutic effect
the primary effect intended of a drug; reason the drug is prescribed
KT

Teratogenic
?
chemical name of a drug
-
official
-
generic
-
trade mark or brand name
-
chemical name of a drug
-
official
-
generic
-
trade mark or brand name
-