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33 Cards in this Set

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Mitochondria can change one form of ______ to another.
E Energy
Mitochondria is a chemical E conversion
Mitochondria contains sites for ________ respiration.
cellular
W/ cellular respiration, it uses ______ in the production of ATP from sugars, fat and proteins.
oxygen
Mitochondria also contains ____ and _________.
DNA and ribosomes.
The DNA and ribosomes hepl to produce some of their own _____ ______ and receives most of thier Protien from _______ ___ pathway.
membrane proteins
nuclear DNA
Mitochondria contain _____ free ribosomes.
cytosolic
Mitochondria grow and ________ W. in the cell.
reproduce
The # of mitochondria is correlated w/ the cell's level of ______ activity.
metabolic
Mitochondria is enclosed by two membranes, each a ______
bilayer.
phospholipid
Who gave you mitochondria?
Mom
Mitochondria inner and outer membrane are phospholiid bilayers and have folds called ______.
cristae
The folds increace _______ _____ for enzymes systems to produce ATP.
surface area
Between the inner and outer membrane of the mitchondria is ________.
intermembrane space
The ____ of the mitochondria has compartments W/in inner membrane and houses enzymes, ribosomes & DNA.
Matrix
Chloroplast work to capture ______ ______.
light energy
chloroplast is found in only _____ and _____.
plants & algae
Chloroplast contain membrane proteins that are made by _____ _____ ribosomes and organelle's ribosomes.
cystolic free
Chloroplast contains ___ and can grow and reproduce w/in the cell.
DNA
The chloroplast is specailized member of a familu of closel related plants organelles called _______.
plastids
_______ are colorless plastids that store starch, paticularly in roots and tubers.
Amyloplasts
amylose (starch)
_______ have pigments that give fruit and flowers thier orange and yellow hues.
Chromoplast
Chloroplast is enclosed by at least two membranes separated by a narrow intermembranespace that constitutes an _____ and ____ membrane
outer and inner membrane.
The inner membrane encloses
_______, which is a fluid outside ________.
stroma, which a fluis outside the thylakoid.
Free ribosomes, enzymes, and copies of the chioroplast gerome(DNA) are present in the ______.
Stroma
Inner membrane house the thylakoid disc in the stroma. They are stacks or _____.
grana
________ is embeded in the thylakoid disc. It gives plants the green pigment.
Chlorophyll
SE in used to convert H2O and CO2 to ___________and _____.
carbohydrates and oxygen.
Proxisomes: oxidation are a special metabolic compartment bounded by a _____ membrane.
single
Proxisomes house enzymes which transfer H to Oxygen producing _____
H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide)
It does this by the breakdown of _____ ____ transported the the mitchondria for cellular respiration.
fatty acids
Proxisomes in the liver ______ alcohol and other harmful compounds by transferring hydrogen form the poison to oxygen.
detoxifies
Specialized proxisomes are ________, they are found in fat storing tissues of plant seeds.
glyoxysomes
glyxsomes contain ______ that initiate the conversion of fatty acids to ______. Thus the seed can use this as energyand carbon until it is able to produce its oun sugar by photosynthesis.
enzymes that initiate the conversion of fatty acids to sugar.