Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/32

Click to flip

32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a record, usually of a voyage or experiment
log
Italian captain who wanted to find a sea route to the Indies. He first reached the Bahama islands (Americas) in 1492.
Christopher Columbus
They gave Columbus money for his expedition.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
An explorer who realized the land where Columbus landed was not part of Asia. Europeans then began calling the lands America.
Amerigo Vespucci
a settlement far away from the country that it rules
colony
the movement of people, plants, animals, and germs across the Atlantic Ocean following the voyages of Columbus
Columbian exchange
Aztec Emporer defeated by Hernando Cortes in 1520.
Moctezuma II
forced payment, usually made in the form of valuable goods
tribute
any Spanish conqueror who first came to the Americas in the 1500s
conquistodor
Indian (also called Malinche) who aided Hernando Cortes in his conquest of Tenochtitlan in 1521.
Dona Marina (a.k.a. Malinche)
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Inca in 1533
Francisco Pizarro
Last ruler of the vast Inca Empire who was captured and killed by the Spaniards.
Atahualpa
African whose story of the "Seven Cities of Gold" led Francisco de Coronado to explore the Southwest in 1540.
Estevanico
Spanish priest who told the stories about the Seven Cities of Gold
Fray Marcos de Niza
Spanish explorer who explored the southwest from 1540 to 1542
Francisco Coronado
Catholic priest who defended Indian rights
Bartolome de las Casas
a person who teaches his or her religion to people of different beliefs
missionary
capital and largest city of El Salvador

(believed to be the site of Columbus's first landing in North America in 1492)
San Salvador
the capital of the ancient Aztec Empire on the site of present-day Mexico City
Tenochtitlan
conquistador who defeated the Aztec in 1521
Hernando Cortez
Now Mexico.
Conquistadors declared what is now Mexico a colony of Spain and called it _______________.
New Spain
Spanish soldiers headed southeast to the __________ ___________ to find Mayan treasurers.

(Mayans fought off Spanish conquistadors for 20 years here.)
Yucatan Penisula
Inca capital
Cusco
a very large piece of land in New Spain given by the Spanish government to certain Spanish colonists during the 1500's
encomienda
stories of a Fountain of Youth led him to explore Florida
Ponce de Leon
he traveled across Central America to become the first European to see the Pacific Ocean
Balboa
he explored the American Southeast, and was the first to see the Mississippi River
de Soto
he was shipwrecked in the Gulf of Mexico and he became the first Spaniard to explore Texas
Cabeza de Vaca
a chain of islands in the West Indies southeast of Florida
Bahamas
shows information about the past or past events
historical map
a guide that shows what each symbol on a map stands for
map key
a leader of a slave revolt in New Spain in 1609
Yanga