• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/51

Click to flip

51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
5th six weeks
U.S. History
Six Weeks Test
US History
A gathering at which delegates passed resolutions demanding equality for women.
Seneca Falls Convention
People who wanted to end slavery
abolitionist
An organized campaign for equal rights for women
Women's Rights Movement
A network of abolitionist who secretly helped slaves escape to freedom in the North or Canada
Underground Railroad
A campaign against alcohol abuse that started in the late 1820's
Temperance Movement
Leader in the women's rights movement and drafted a document called the "Declaration of Rights and Sentiments" which was modeled after the Declaration of Independence
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Abolitionist leader who escaped from slavery and worked to end slavery and advised President LIncoln concerning a Constitutional amendment to end slavery
Fredrick Douglass
Former slave and abolitionist who escorted over 300 slaves through the Underground Railroad to freedom in the North
Harriet Tubman
Reformer and life long worker in the women's rights movement
Susan B. Anthony
Reformer in public education where he promoted a longer school year for students, more schools, and better training and pay for teachers
Horace Mann
What is a reform movement?
a movement to improve economic, social, or political conditions
The political roots of reform can be traced to...
The Declaration of Independence
What did the Temperance Movement want to do?
get people to stop drinking alcohol
What was the accomplishment of the educational reformers in the 1800's?
More children had access to a free education
The Seneca Falls Convention was important why?
It declared that women and men were equal
A law that opened the territories to slavery. It made the South happy and the North very angry.
Kansas-Nebraska Act
A plan proposed by Henry Clay to keep the number of slave and free states equal.
Missouri Compromise
Location of the first shots of the Civil War.
Fort Sumter, South Carolina
Henry Clay's plan that allowed California to enter the Union as a free state and divided the rest of the Mexican cession into the territories of New Mexico and Utah.
Compromise of 1850
A novel that described the evils of slavery
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Senator from the West who became known in the early 1800's as the great compromiser
Henry Clay
Author of the novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
A slave who sued in the Supreme Court for his freedom
Dred Scott
Elected as President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
Elected President of the United States in 1860, caused the first southern states to secede, and served as the president during the entire Civil War
Abraham Lincoln
Who was the famous Senator from South Carolina who always spoke up for state's rights, especially concerning the issue of slavery?
John C. Calhoun
Who was the famous Senator from Massachusetts who always spoke up for Northern interests but was willing to compromise over slavery to save the Union?
Daniel Webster
How long did the Missouri Compromise help ensure a balance of slave and free states?
30 years
What incident led to the Compromise of 1850?
The admitting of California to the Union gave free states an advantage over slave states
What was one effect of the Dred Scott decision?
It angered people who opposed slavery
What was the main goal of the newly formed Republican Party?
To stop the spread of slavery to the western territories
Abraham Lincoln's stand on slavery was....
slavery should not spread into new territories
What idea was expressed in Lincoln's First Inaugural Address?
Secession was illegal and he would do everything possible to keep the Union together
Why was the North able to produce most of the items it needed during the Civil War?
because it had raw material and factories
Because the South depended on trade for its economic survival, the people suffered greatly from the effects of....
the blockade
What was the only goal of the Union at the beginning of the Civil War?
To keep the Union together
The four slave states that never seceded from the union are known as what?
border states
Why did President Lincoln handle the slavery issue carefully at the beginning of the war?
He did not want to cause the four border states to leave the Union
What document freed the slaves in the states that were rebelling against the United States?
The Emancipation Proclamation
What was the effect of the Emancipation Proclamation? (3 answers)
1. It encouraged free and enslaved African American to support the North
2. It encouraged European countries to sympathize with the North
3. It mean the Union was fighting to end slavery
What was the importance of the Union victory at the Battle of Vicksburg?
The Union now controlled both ends of the Mississippi River
What battle of the Civil War is considered the turning point of the War?
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Why is Lincoln's Gettysburg Address honored as a great speech?
It is a profound statement of American democratic ideals
Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant and bring an end to the Civil War?
Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia
What are the dates of the Civil War?
1861-1865
Who was the leading general for the Confederacy (South) during the Civil War?
Robert E. Lee
Who was the leading general for the Union (North) during the Civil War?
Ulysses S. Grant
The change to the U.S. Constitution that made the former slaves citizens.
14th Amendment
The change to the U.S. Constitution that abolished slavery.
13th Amendment
The change to the U.S. Constitution that made the former slaves citizens.
15th Amendment