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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What 3 areas of conflict led to a civil war between the North and the South?
Cultural,Economic, and Constitutional differences
What main issue divided the Nation?
Slavery
Describe the culture of the North.
Urban society in which people held jobs
Describe the culture of the south.
Agricultural society where people lived in small villages farms and plantations
What was the economic position of the North and why?
1. favored tariffs
2. to protect from foreign competition (manufactoring region)
What was the economic position of the South and why?
1. opposed tariffs
2. would raise prices of manufactured goods and might stop England from buying more expensive cotton
What was the constitutional conflict between the North and South?
States rights versus strong central government
The South feared that the North would take control of
________________
congress
Southerners began to proclain states' rights as a means of_______________
self-protection
North believed that the nation was a _________
Union
The war did not begin as a war to abolish_____________
slavery, but issues surrounding slavery deeply divided the nation
What important issue separated the country?
The power of the Federal government
Southerns believed they had the power to declare any national law ________
Illegal
Northerns believed that the national governments power was __________ over the states.
Supreme
Southerners felt that the abolution of slavery would destroy their __________
Economy
Northerners believed that salvery should be abolished for __________ reasons.
moral
What did the Missouri Compromise of 1820 state?
Missouri was a slave state and Maine was a free state.
What did the Compromise of 1850 state?
California was a free state and the southwest territories could decide about slavery
What was the basis of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
People decided the slavery issue. (Popular sovereignty)
What happened right after Lincoln's election?
Southern states seceded from the union
What marked the beginning of the civil war?
Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter
What did Lincoln and many Northerners believe about the nation?
It could not be separated or divided
What the Southerners believe about the nation?
That states could freely leave it
What type of slave states seceded from the union?
States dependent on labor-intensive cash crops
What type of slave states did not secede from the union?
Northern-most (border) slave states
Name the states that seceded from the Union.
Alabama North Carolina
Arkansas South Carolina
Florida Tennessee
Georgia Texas
Louisana Virginia
Mississippi
Name the Border states that stayed in the Union.
Delaware Maryland
Kentucky Missouri
Name the Free states that stayed in the Union.
California Conneticut
illinois Indiana
Iowa Kansas
Maine Massachusetts
Michigan Minnesota
New Hampshire New Jersey
New York Ohio
Oregon Pennsylvania
Rhode Island Vermont
What happened to the western counties of Virginia who refused to secede from the Union?
Formed West Virginia
Facts on Abraham Lincoln
1. President of U.S.
2. Opposed to slavery
3. Issued Emancipation Proclamation
4. Determined to preserve the union
5. believed U.S. was one nation not a collection of independent states
What did Lincoln say in the Gettysburg Address?
Civil war was to preserve a government "of the people, by the people, and for the people."
Who was Jefferson Davis?
President of Confederate States of America
Who was Ulysses S. Grant?
Genral of Union army that defeated Lee
Who was Robert E. Lee?
Leader of army of Northern Virginia, did not want to fight Virginia.
What did Lee oppose?
Succession but did not believe the union should be held together by force
What did Lee do at the end of the war?
Urge Southerners to accept defeat and reunite with the union.
Who was Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson?
Confederat Gneral and Commandant of Virginia Military Institute
Name the Free states that stayed in the Union.
California Conneticut
illinois Indiana
Iowa Kansas
Maine Massachusetts
Michigan Minnesota
New Hampshire New Jersey
New York Ohio
Oregon Pennsylvania
Rhode Island Vermont
What happened to the western counties of Virginia who refused to secede from the Union?
Formed West Virginia
Facts on Abraham Lincoln
1. President of U.S.
2. Opposed to slavery
3. Issued Emancipation Proclamation
4. Determined to preserve the union
5. believed U.S. was one nation not a collection of independent states
What did Lincoln say in the Gettysburg Address?
Civil war was to preserve a government "of the people, by the people, and for the people."
Who was Jefferson Davis?
President of Confederate States of America
Who was Ulysses S. Grant?
Genral of Union army that defeated Lee
Who was Robert E. Lee?
Leader of army of Northern Virginia, did not want to fight Virginia.
What did Lee oppose?
Succession but did not believe the union should be held together by force
What did Lee do at the end of the war?
Urge Southerners to accept defeat and reunite with the union.
Who was Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson?
Confederat Gneral and Commandant of Virginia Military Institute
Who was Frederick Douglass?
Former slave, became an abolitionist
What was the first major battle of the war?
Battle of Bull Run (in Manassas)
How did signing the Emanicapation Proclamation change the focus of the war?
Made "free the slaves" the focus
Many slaves joined the union army
What ended the war?
Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House in 1865
What did many die from on the battleground?
Disease and exposure
Effects of the war on families and friends.
Pitted against one another
Effects of war on the south.
1. troups became increasingly younger
2. poorly equiped
3. poorly clothed
What cities were burned in the south?
Atlanta and Richmond
Who was Clara Barton?
A civil war nurse that created the Red Cross
Who was left in the south to run business and farms?
Women
Collapse of the Confederacy did what to Confederate money?
Made it wothless
How did the Confederacy use slaves?
Naval crew members and soldiers
Did African Americans fight for the Union?
yes
How were the African Americans treated by the Union Army?
1. paid less
2. served in segregated units
under command of whites
Who was Robert Smalls?
sailor and Union Naval captain Became a congressman after the civil war.