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536 Cards in this Set

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ABIOTIC FACTOR
A NONLIVING PART OF AN ECOSYSTEM
ABSOLUTE AGE
THE ACTUAL AGE OF A ROCK, ROCK LAYER, OR FOSSIL
ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDE
THE ACTUAL BRIGHTNESS OF A STAR
ACCELERATION
A CHANGE IN AN OBJECT'S SPEED OR DIRECTION
ACID RAIN
RAIN THAT CONTAINS UNHEALTHY AMOUNTS OF ACID
ADAPTATION
A STRUCTURE OR BEHAVIOR THAT HELPS AN ORGANISM SURVIVE IN ITS SURROUNDINGS
ADULT
A FULL GROWN ANIMAL OR PLANT
AIR
A MIXTURE OF GASES THAT SURROUND EARTH
AIR GASES
NITROGEN-78%, OXYGEN-21%, OTHER GASES-1%(CARBON DIOXIDE, WATER VAPOR, ARGON, NEON, HELIUM, KRYPTON, XENON, METHANE, HYDROGEN, OZONE)
AIR MASS
A LARGE "BUBBLE" OF AIR THAT HAS ABOUT THE SAME TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY THROUGHOUT IT
AIR POLLUTION
THE PRESENCE OF HARMFUL SUBSTANCES IN THE AIR
AIR PRESSURE
THE WEIGHT OF AIR PUSHING ON EVERYTHING ON IT
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCE
A SOURCE OF ENERGY OTHER THAN THE BURNING OF A FOSSIL FUEL
ALTITUDE
THE HEIGHT ABOVE SEA LEVEL; ALSO CALLED ELEVATION
AMP
THE UNIT USED TO MEASURE ELECTRIC CURRENT
AMPHIBIAN
AN ANIMAL THAT HAS A BACKBONE AND LIVES IN WATER WHEN IT IS YOUNG AND ON LAND WHEN IT IS AN ADULT
AMPLITUDE
A MEASURE OF HOW HARD AIR MOLECULES PUSH ON OTHER MOLECULES NEXT TO THEM AS A SOUND WAVE PASSES THROUGH THE AIR
ANEMOMETER
A WEATHER INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES WIND SPEED
ANGIOSPERM
A SEED PLANT THAT PRODUCES FLOWERS
ANIMAL
AN ORGANISM THAT IS MADE OF MANY CELLS, BREATHES OXYGEN, EATS OTHER ORGANISMS, AND CAN MOVE ON ITS OWN
APPARENT MAGNITUDE
HOW BRIGHT A STAR APPEARS TO BE IN THE NIGHT SKY
ARTHROPOD
AN ANIMAL THAT HAS A HARD OUTER SKELETON AND LEGS WITH JOINTS
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
THE PRODUCTION OF A NEW ORGANISM FROM ONLY ONE CELL
ASTEROID
A LARGE SPACE ROCK THAT ORBITS THE SUN
ATMOSPHERE
THE AIR THAT SURROUNDS THE EARTH
ATOM
THE SMALLEST PARTICLE OF A SUBSTANCE THAT HAS ALL THE PROPERTIES OF THAT SUBSTANCE
BALANCED FORCES
FORCES THAT ACT AGAINST EACH OTHER AND DO NOT CAUSE A CHANGE IN MOTION
BAROMETER
A WEATHER INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES AIR PRESSURE
BAY
AN AREA OF WATER THAT IS PARTLY SURROUNDED BY LAND
BEHAVIOR
SOMETHING AN ORGANISM DOES
BIG BANG THEORY
A THEORY THAT DESCRIBES THE BEGINNING OF THE UNIVERSE AS A HUGE EXPLOSION
BIOMASS
FUEL THAT COMES FROM PLANTS AND ANIMALS
BIOME
A VERY LARGE AREA OF LAND WITH A CERTAIN KIND OF CLIMATE AND CERTAIN KINDS OF ORGANISMS LIVING THERE
BIOTIC FACTOR
A LIVING PART OF AN ECOSYSTEM
BLACK HOLE
AN OBJECT IN SPACE WITH GRAVITY SO STRONG THAT IT PULLS EVERYTHING INTO IT, EVEN LIGHT
BLIZZARD
A SNOWSTORM WITH HIGH WINDS AND LOW TEMPERATURE
BOILING POINT
THE TEMPERATURE AT WHICH A SUBSTANCE CHANGES FROM A LIQUID TO A GAS
BUOYANCY
THE UPWARD PUSH OF A LIQUID
BUOYANT FORCE
THE UPWARD PUSH OF A LIQUID OR GAS ON AN OBJECT
CALDERA
THE LARGE HOLE FORMED AT THE TOP OF A VOLCANO WHEN THE ROOF OF A VOLCANO'S MAGMA CHAMBER COLLAPSES
CAMOUFLAGE
THE SHAPE, COLOR, OR PATTERN OF AN ANIMAL THAT HELPS IT BLEND IN WITH ITS SURROUNDINGS
CANOPY
THE TREES THAT ARE SUSPENDED ABOVE THE FOREST FLOOR
CARBON DIOXIDE
A GAS MADE OF CARBON AND OXYGEN ATOMS THAT PLANTS NEED FOR PHOTOSYNTHESIS
CARBON DIOXIDE AND OXYGEN CYCLE
THE MOVEMENT OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND OXYGEN BETWEEN ORGANISMS AND THE AIR
CARNIVORE
AN ANIMAL THAT EATS OTHER ANIMALS
CELL
THE SMALLEST LIVING PART OF AN ORGANISM
CELL MEMBRANE
A SOFT, FLEXIBLE STRUCTURE THAT SURROUNDS A CELL AND CONTROLS THE MOVEMENT OF SUBSTANCES INTO AND OUT OF THE CELL
CELL RESPIRATION
THE PROCESS OF RELEASING ENERGY FROM NUTRIENTS
CELL WALL
THE RIGID OUTER COVERING OF A PLANT CELL
CELSIUS
THE CENTIGRADE SCALE OF TEMPERATURE. THIS IS USED IN SCIENCE!!!
CEMENTING
THE GLUING TOGETHER OF ROCK PARTICLES TO FORM SEDIMENTARY ROCK
CHARGE
A PROPERTY OF MATTER; THE CHANGE CAN BE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE
CHEMICAL BOND
A CONNECTION BETWEEN ATOMS THAT JOINS THEM TOGETHER TO FORM MOLECULES
CHEMICAL CHANGE
A CHANGE THAT PRODUCES A NEW SUBSTANCE
CHEMICAL PROPERTY
THE ABILITY OF A SUBSTANCE TO CHANGE INTO A NEW SUBSTANCE WITH DIFFERENT PROPERTIES
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
THE CHANGES THAT HAPPENS TO SUBSTANCES DURING A CHEMICAL CHANGE
CHLOROPHYLL
A GREEN SUBSTANCE IN PLANT LEAVES THAT CAPTURES THE ENERGY IN SUNLIGHT
CHLOROPLAST
A TINY GREEN STRUCTURE THAT CONTAINS CHLOROPHYLL, FOUND IN LEAF CELLS
CINDER CONE
A STEEP, CONE SHAPED HILL OR MOUNTAIN MADE OF VOLCANO ASH, CINDERS, AND BOMBS PILED UP AROUND A VOLCANO'S OPENING
CIRCUIT
A COMPLETE PATH OF CONDUCTORS THAT AN ELECTRIC CURRENT CAN FLOW THROUGH
CIRCUIT BREAKER
A SWITCH THAT AUTOMATICALLY OPENS A CIRCUIT WHEN TOO MUCH ELECTRICITY FLOWS THROUGH IT
CIRRUS CLOUD
A HIGH, FEATHERY CLOUD MADE OF ICE CRYSTALS
CLASSIFICATION
THE GROUPING OF ORGANISMS BASED ON THEIR SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES
CLEAVAGE
THE BREAKING OF A MINERAL ALONG A SMOOTH, FLAT SURFACE
CLIMATE
THE GENERAL WEATHER OF AN AREA OVER A LONG PERIOD OF TIME
CLOUD
A MASS OF WATER DROPLETS OR ICE CRYSTALS THAT HAVE CLUMPED TOGETHER IN THE ATMOSPHERE
COLLOID
A SPECIAL TYPE OF MIXTURE IN WHICH THE PARTICLES OF ONE MATERIAL ARE SCATTERED THROUGH ANOTHER AND BLOCK THE PASSAGE OF LIGHT WITHOUT SETTLING OUT
COLD FRONT
THE LEADING EDGE OF A MOVING MASS OF COOLER AIR
COMET
A MOUNTAIN SIZE CHUNK OF ICE AND DUST THAT ORBITS THE SUN
COMMENSALISMS
A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO DIFFERENT KINDS OF ORGANISMS IN WHICH ONE ORGANISM IS HELPED AND THE OTHER IS NOT HARMED
COMMUNITY
POPULATIONS OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF ORGANISMS THAT LIVE IN THE SAME PLACE AT THE SAME TIME
COMPASS
A TOOL THAT USES A MAGNETIZED POINTER TO SHOW MAGNETIC NORTH
COMPASS ROSE
A MAP SYMBOL THAT SHOWS NORTH, SOUTH, EAST, AND WEST
COMPETITION
THE STRUGGLE OF ORGANISMS AGAINST EACH OTHER TO GET THE SAME RESOURCE
COMPOST
A MIXTURE OF SOIL AND DECAYED MATERIAL THAT PROVIDES NUTRIENTS FOR PLANTS
COMPOUND
A SUBSTANCE WHOSE MOLECULES CONTAIN ATOMS OF DIFFERENT ELEMENTS
COMPRESSION
AN AREA IN A SOUND WAVE WHERE AIR MOLECULES ARE PRESSED TOGETHER
CONCAVE LENS
A LENS THAT IS THINNER IN THE CENTER AND THICKER AT THE EDGES, A SHAPE THAT BENDS LIGHT OUTWARD
CONCLUSION
A STATEMENT THAT TELLS WHAT AN INVESTIGATION SHOWED, BASED ON OBSERVATIONS AND DATA
CONDENSATION
THE PROCESS OF CHANGING FROM A GAS TO A LIQUID
CONDENSATION POINT
THE TEMPERATURE AT WHICH A SUBSTANCE CHANGES FROM A GAS TO A LIQUID
CONDENSE
TO CHANGE FROM A GAS TO A LIQUIS AS THE TEMPERATURE DECREASES
CONDUCTION
THE MOVEMENT OF HEAT BETWEEN OBJECTS THAT TOUCH EACH OTHER
CONDUCTOR
A MATERIAL THAT ALLOWS HEAT ENERGY OR ELECTRICITY TO PASS THROUGH IT EASILY.
CONIFER
A PLANT THAT PRODUCES SEEDS IN CONES
CONIFEROUS FOREST
A FOREST BIOME WITH TREES THAT KEEPS ITS NEEDLELIKE LEAVES FOR AT LEAST A FEW YEARS
CONSERVATION
THE WISE USE AND PROTECTION OF NATURAL RESOURCES
CONSTELLATION
A GROUP OF STARS THAT ANCIENT PEOPLE THOUGHT FORMED A PICTURE IN THE SKY
CONSUMER
AN ORGANISM THAT GETS ENERGY BY EATING OTHER ORGANISMS
CONTINENTAL DRIFT
AN EARLY THEORY THAT DESCRIBED THE MOVEMENT OF CONTINENTS, LATER REPLACED BY THE PLATE TECTONIC THEORY
CONTINENTAL SHELF
THE GENTLY SLOPING UNDERWATER PART OF A CONTINENT
CONTINENTAL SLOPE
THE SHARP DROP AT THE EDGE OF THE UNDERWATER PART OF A CONTINENT
CONTROL
TO KEEP ALL VARIABLES IN AN EXPERIMENT THE SAME EXCEPT THE ONE VARIABLE BEING TESTED
CONVECTION
THE MOVEMENT OF HEAT ENERGY THROUGH LIQUIDS AND GASES IN CURRENTS
CONVEX LENS
A LENS THAT IS THICKER IN THE CENTER AND THINNER AT THE EDGES, A SHAPE THAT BENDS LIGHT INWARD
CORE
THE CENTER OF THE EARTH, MADE OF SOLID METALS
CRATER
A BOWL-SHAPED STRUCTURE AT THE TOP OF A VOLCANO OR ON A PLANET OR MOON
CREST
THE HIGHEST PART OF A WAVE
CRUST
EARTH'S OUTER LAYER, MADE OF SOLID ROCK
CRYSTAL
A SOLID MATERIAL FOUND IN NATURE THAT HAS STRAIGHT EDGES AND FLAT SIDES OR THAT BREAKS INTO PIECES WITH STRAIGHT EDGES AND FLAT SIDES
CUMULONIMBUS CLOUD
A HUGE VERTICAL CLOUD THAT CAN PRODUCE A THUNDERSTORM
CUMULUS CLOUD
A PUFFY, WHITE CLOUD WITH A FLAT BOTTOM
CURRENT(IN AN ELECTRIC CIRCUIT)
A CONSTANT FLOW OF ELECTRONS THROUGH A CONDUCTOR
CYTOPLASM
A JELLYLIKE LIQUID THAT FILLS MOST OF A CELL
DATA
THE PIECES OF INFORMATION COLLECTED IN AN INVESTIGATION
DECIBEL
THE UNIT USED TO MEASURE THE LOUDNESS OF A SOUND
DECIDUOUS FOREST
A FOREST BIOME WITH MANY KINDS OF TREES THAT LOSE THEIR LEAVES EACH AUTUMN
DECOMPOSER
AN ORGANISM THAT GETS ENERGY BY FEEDING ON DEAD MATERIALS AND WASTES
DENSITY
THE AMOUNT OF MASS IN A KNOWN VOLUME OF AN OBJECT OR SUBSTANCE
DEPOSITION
THE PROCESS IN WHICH MATERIALS ERODED BY WATER, WIND, OR ICE ARE DROPPED IN A NEW PLACE
DESALINATION
THE PROCESS OF REMOVING SALTS FROM SEA WATER TO PRODUCE FRESH WATER
DESERT
A BIOME THAT HAS VERY LITTLE RAIN AND FEW PLANTS
DISSOLVE
TO FORM A SOLUTION WITH ANOTHER SUBSTANCE
DRY CELL
A DEVICE THAT USES CHEMICALS TO PRODUCE ELECTRICITY AS IN A BATTERY
EARTH SCIENCE
THE STUDY OF PLANET EARTH AND OBJECTS IN SPACE
EARTHQUAKE
A SHAKING OF EARTH'S CRUST CAUSED BY ROCK SLABS MOVING AGAINST EACH OTHER DEEP BELOW THE EARTH'S CRUST
ECLIPSE
ONE OBJECT IN SPACE CASTING ITS SHADOW ON ANOTHER OBJECT IN SPACE
ECLIPSE OF THE MOON
THE EARTH CASTS A SHADOW ON THE MOON
ECLIPSE OF THE SUN
THE MOON CASTS A SHADOW ON THE EARTH
ECOLOGY
THE STUDY OF HOW LIVING AND NONLIVING THINGS INTERACT
ECOSYSTEM
ALL THE LIVING AND NONLIVING THINGS THAT INTERACT WITH EACH OTHER IN AN ENVIRONMENT
EFFICIENCY
HOW MUCH WORK A MACHINE DOES COMPARED WITH HOW MUCH ENERGY IS PUT INTO IT.
EGG
THE FIRST STAGE IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF MANY ORGANISMS.
EGG CELL
A FEMALE CELL THAT JOINS WITH A MALE CELL TO PRODUCE A NEW ORGANISM
EL NINO
A TEMPORARY CHANGE IN CLIMATE CAUSED BY TEMPERATURE SHIFTS IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN
ELECTRIC CHARGE
A PROPERTY OF MATTER, CHARGE CAN BE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE
ELECTRIC CIRCUIT
A CONSTANT FLOW OF ELECTRONS THROUGH A CONDUCTOR
ELECTRIC DISCHARGE
A SUDDEN MOVEMENT OF ELECTRIC CHARGES
ELECTRICITY
A FORM OF ENERGY THAT IS PRODUCED WHEN ELECTRONS MOVE FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER PLACE
ELECTROMAGNET
A TEMPORARY MAGNET CREATED BY A FLOW OF ELECTRIC CURRENT AROUND AN IRON BAR
ELECTROMAGNET SPECTRUM
A GROUP OF WAVES, INCLUDING VISIBLE LIGHT, WHICH CAN TRAVEL THROUGH SPACE
ELECTRON
A PARTICLE THAT IS IN THE SPACE AROUND THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM AND HAS A NEGATIVE CHARGE
ELEMENT
A PURE SUBSTANCE MADE OF ONLY ONE KIND OF ATOM
ELEVATION
THE LAND'S HEIGHT ABOVE SEA LEVEL. ALSO CALLED ALTITUDE
ELLIPSE
A FLATTENED CIRCLE
EMBRYO
A PLANT OR ANIMAL IN THE EARLIEST STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT
EMERGENCY
ANYTHING THAT SERIOUSLY THREATENS A PERSON'S LIFE OR HEALTH
ENDANGERED SPECIES
A SPECIES THAT COULD BECOME EXTINCT VERY SOON IF IT IS NOT HELPED BY PEOPLE
ENERGY
THE ABILITY TO DO WORK
ENERGY PYRAMID
A DIAGRAM THAT SHOWS THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY PASSED ON AT EACH LEVEL OF A FOOD CHAIN
ENERGY RESOURCES
MATERIALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT THAT PEOPLE CAN USE AS SOURCES OF ENERGY
ENVIRONMENT
THE SURROUNDINGS THAT AN ORGANISM LIVES IN
EPICENTER
THE POINT OF EARTH'S SURFACE DIRECTLY ABOVE THE FOCUS OF AN EARTHQUAKE
EQUATOR
AN IMAGINARY LINE THAT CIRCLES THE EARTH HALFWAY BETWEEN THE NORTH AND SOUTH POLES
EQUINOX
A DAY WHEN THE HOURS OF DARKNESS AND LIGHT ARE ABOUT EQUAL, EITHER THE FIRST DAY OF SPRING OR THE FIRST DAY OF FALL
EROSION
THE MOVEMENTS OF WEATHERED MATERIALS BY WATER, ICE, OR WIND
ESTUARY
A PLACE WHERE FRESH WATER FROM A RIVER EMPTIES INTO THE OCEAN AND MIXES WITH IT.
EVAPORATE
TO CHANGE FROM A LIQUID TO A GAS
EVAPORATION
THE PROCESS OF CHANGING FROM A LIQUID TO A GAS
EXOSPHERE
THE HIGHEST LAYER OF AIR IN THE EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE
EXPERIMENT
A SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION THAT TESTS A HYPOTHESIS
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN
IS A SET OF IDEAS THAT SCIENTISTS USE TO INVESTIGATE THINGS THEY WANT TO UNDERSTAND
EXTINCTION
THE DYING OUT OF A SPECIES
EXTRUSIVE
IGNEOUS ROCK THAT FORMS FROM LAVA ON EARTH'S SURFACE
FAULT
A CRACK IN THE EARTH'S CRUST
FAULT-BLOCK MOUNTAINS
MOUNTAINS THAT FORMED WHEN BLOCKS OF ROCK SLID UPWARD OR DOWNWARD ALONG A FAULT
FERN
A KIND OF PLANT THAT HAS ROOTS, STEMS, AND LEAFLIKE FRONDS AND REPRODUCES WITH SPORES
FERTILE
DESCRIBES SOIL THAT CAN SUPPORT PLANT LIFE
FERTILIZATION
THE JOINING OF AN EGG CELL AND A SPERM CELL
FILAMENT
A THIN WIRE THAT GLOWS IN SOME KINDS OF LIGHT BULBS
FILTER
A DEVICE USED TO SEPARATE THE PARTS OF A MIXTURE BY PASSING THE MIXTURE THROUGH IT
FIRE BLANKET
YOU USE THIS TO PUT OUT A FIRE ON A PERSON OR AROUND YOU
FIRE EXTINGUISHER
A PORTABLE APPARATUS, USUALLY CONTAINING CHEMICALS, FOR PUTTING OUT A FIRE
FLAME RESISTANT
WILL NOT CATCH ON FIRE, BECAUSE OF A CHEMICAL PLACED ON THE ITEM
FLASH FLOOD
A SUDDEN RUSH OF WATER THAT OVERFLOWS A STREAM AFTER A HEAVY RAIN
FLOWER
THE PART WHERE SEEDS ARE MADE IN MANY KINDS OF PLANTS
FOCAL POINT
THE POINT WHERE LIGHT RAYS COME TOGETHER AFTER PASSING THROUGH A LENS
FOCUS
THE POINT DEEP BELOW THE EARTH'S SURFACE WHERE AN EARTHQUAKE STARTS
FOG
A LAYERED CLOUD THAT FORMS CLOSE TO THE GROUND
FOLDED MOUNTAINS
MOUNTAINS THAT FORMED WHEN LAND WAS SQUEEZED TOGETHER
FOOD CHAIN
THE PATH OF FOOD ENERGY FROM ONE ORGANISM TO ANOTHER IN AN ECOSYSTEM
FOOD WEB
OVERLAPPING FOOD CHAINS WITH DIFFERENT PATHWAYS FOR THE FLOW OF FOOD ENERGY IN AN ECOSYSTEM
FORCE
A PUSH OR PULL
FOREST FLOOR
LAND COVERERD WITH UNDERBRUSH, LIES UNDER THE TREETOPS
FOSSIL
THE REMAINS OR TRACES OF AN ORGANISM THAT LIVED LONG AGO
FRACTURE
THE BREAKING OF A MINERAL ALONG A ROUGH OR JAGGED SURFACE
FREEZE
THE CHANGE FROM A LIQUID TO A SOLID WHEN THE TEMPERATURE DROPS
FREEZING POINT
THE TEMPERATURE AT WHICH A SUBSTANCE CHANGES FROM A LIQUID TO A SOLID
FREQUENCY(IN A DATA SET)
THE NUMBER OF TIMES EACH MEASUREMENT APPEARS
FREQUENCY(OF WAVES)
THE NUMBER OF WAVES THAT MOVE PAST A POINT IN A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF TIME
FRICTION
A FORCE BETWEEN TWO SURFACES RUBBING AGAINST EACH OTHER--FRICTION WORKS AGAINST MOTION
FRONT
A PLACE WHERE ONE AIR MASS MEETS AND PUSHES ASIDE ANOTHER AIR MASS
FRUIT
A STRUCTURE THAT GROWS FROM A FLOWER AND CONTAINS SEEDS
FUEL
A MATERIAL THAT IS BURNED TO PRODUCE HEAT ENERGY
FUNGUS
AN ORGANISM THAT FEEDS ON DEAD ORGANISMS OR THEIR WASTES, CANNOT MOVE ON ITS OWN, AND REPRODUCES WITH SPORES
FUSE
A DEVICE THAT PREVENTS FIRES BY MELTING WHEN TOO MUCH ELECTRICITY FLOWS THROUGH A CIRCUIT
GALAXY
A GROUP OF MILLIONS OF STARS
GARBAGE
SOLID WASTE THAT PEOPLE THROW AWAY--TRASH!!!
GAS
A STATE OF MATTER IN WHICH THE SUBSTANCE TAKES BOTH THE SHAPE AND VOLUME OF ITS CONTAINER
GEOLOGIST
A SCIENTIST WHO STUDIES EARTH
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
HEAT FROM MELTED ROCK DEEP BELOW THE EARTH'S SURFACE, USED TO HEAT BUILDINGS AND PRODUCE ELECTRICITY
GEOTROPISM
THE DOWNWARD GROWTH OF A PLANT'S ROOTS AND UPWARD GROWTH OF ITS STEM IN RESPONSE TO GRAVITY
GERMINATION
THE SPROUTING OF A PLANT FROM A SEED
FRICTION
A FORCE BETWEEN TWO SURFACES RUBBING AGAINST EACH OTHER--FRICTION WORKS AGAINST MOTION
GILLS
STRUCTURES IN AN ORGANISM THAT REMOVE OXYGEN FROM WATER
FRONT
A PLACE WHERE ONE AIR MASS MEETS AND PUSHES ASIDE ANOTHER AIR MASS
FRUIT
A STRUCTURE THAT GROWS FROM A FLOWER AND CONTAINS SEEDS
GLACIER
A LARGE BODY OF MOVING ICE THAT STAYS FROZEN ALL YEAR
FUEL
A MATERIAL THAT IS BURNED TO PRODUCE HEAT ENERGY
**
**
FRONT
A PLACE WHERE ONE AIR MASS MEETS AND PUSHES ASIDE ANOTHER AIR MASS
FRUIT
A STRUCTURE THAT GROWS FROM A FLOWER AND CONTAINS SEEDS
FUNGUS
AN ORGANISM THAT FEEDS ON DEAD ORGANISMS OR THEIR WASTES, CANNOT MOVE ON ITS OWN, AND REPRODUCES WITH SPORES
FUEL
A MATERIAL THAT IS BURNED TO PRODUCE HEAT ENERGY
FUSE
A DEVICE THAT PREVENTS FIRES BY MELTING WHEN TOO MUCH ELECTRICITY FLOWS THROUGH A CIRCUIT
FUNGUS
AN ORGANISM THAT FEEDS ON DEAD ORGANISMS OR THEIR WASTES, CANNOT MOVE ON ITS OWN, AND REPRODUCES WITH SPORES
GALAXY
A GROUP OF MILLIONS OF STARS
FUSE
A DEVICE THAT PREVENTS FIRES BY MELTING WHEN TOO MUCH ELECTRICITY FLOWS THROUGH A CIRCUIT
GARBAGE
SOLID WASTE THAT PEOPLE THROW AWAY--TRASH!!!
GALAXY
A GROUP OF MILLIONS OF STARS
GAS
A STATE OF MATTER IN WHICH THE SUBSTANCE TAKES BOTH THE SHAPE AND VOLUME OF ITS CONTAINER
GARBAGE
SOLID WASTE THAT PEOPLE THROW AWAY--TRASH!!!
GEOLOGIST
A SCIENTIS WHO STUDIES EARTH
GAS
A STATE OF MATTER IN WHICH THE SUBSTANCE TAKES BOTH THE SHAPE AND VOLUME OF ITS CONTAINER
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
HEAT FROM MELTED ROCK DEEP BELOW THE EARTH'S SURFACE, USED TO HEAT BUILDINGS AND PRODUCE ELECTRICITY
GEOLOGIST
A SCIENTIS WHO STUDIES EARTH
GEOTROPISM
THE DOWNWARD GROWTH OF A PLANT'S ROOTS AND UPWARD GROWTH OF IT STEM IN RESPONSE TO GRAVITY
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
HEAT FROM MELTED ROCK DEEP BELOW THE EARTH'S SURFACE, USED TO HEAT BUILDINGS AND PRODUCE ELECTRICITY
GERMINATION
THE SPROUTING OF A PLANT FROM A SEED
GEOTROPISM
THE DOWNWARD GROWTH OF A PLANT'S ROOTS AND UPWARD GROWTH OF IT STEM IN RESPONSE TO GRAVITY
GILLS
STRUCTURES IN AN ORGANISM THAT REMOVE OXYGEN FROM WATER
GERMINATION
THE SPROUTING OF A PLANT FROM A SEED
GLACIER
A LARGE BODY OF MOVING ICE THAT STAYS FROZEN ALL YEAR
GILLS
STRUCTURES IN AN ORGANISM THAT REMOVE OXYGEN FROM WATER
GLACIER
A LARGE BODY OF MOVING ICE THAT STAYS FROZEN ALL YEAR
GLOBAL WARMING
A RISE IN THE EARTH'S AVERAGE WORLDWIDE TEMPERATURE
GLUCOSE
A KIND OF SUGAR THAT IS MADE BY PLANTS AND BROKEN DOWN IN CELLS TO RELEASE ENERGY
GRASSLANDS
A BIOME WHERE GRASSES, NOT TREES, ARE THE MAIN PLANT LIFE. PRAIRIES ARE ONE KIND OF GRASSLAND REGION
GRAVITY
THE FORCE THAT PULLS OBJECTS TOWARD EACH OTHER
GREENHOUSE EFFECT
THE PROCESS OF EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE TRAPPING HEAT NEAR THE EARTH'S SURFACE
GROUNDWATER
WATER THAT COLLECTS UNDERGROUND IN CRACKS AND SPACES IN ROCK
HABITAT
THE ENVIRONMENT WHERE AN ORGANISM LIVES
HARDNESS
THE ABILITY OF A MINERAL TO RESIST BEING SCRATCHED
HAZARDOUS WASTE
WASTE FROM FACTORIES OR POWER PLANTS THAT CAN BE HARMFUL TO PEOPLE OR THE ENVIRONMENT
HEAT
THE MOVEMENT OF THERMAL ENERGY FROM ONE SUBSTANCE TO ANOTHER
HEAT ENERGY
THE ENERGY OF MOVING PARTICFLES IN A SUBSTANCE--THERMAL ENERGY
HERBIVORE
AN ANIMAL THAT EATS ONLY PLANT PRODUCTS
HEREDITY
THE PASSING OF TRAITS FROM PARENTS TO OFFSPRING
HERTZ
THE UNIT USED TO MEASURE WAVE FREQUENCY
HETEROGENEOUS MIXTURE
COMPOSED OF PARTS OF DIFFERENT KINDS, HAVING WIDELY DISSIMILAR(MEANING NOT THE SAME) ELEMENTS
HETEROTROPHY
AN ORGANISM THAT CANNOT MAKE ITS OWN FOOD
HIBERNATION
A DEEP SLEEPLIKE STATE WHEN AN ANIMAL'S BODY PROCESSES SLOW DOWN
HIGH
ON A WEATHER MAP, AN AREA WHERE THE AIR PRESSURE IS HIGHER THAN IT IS IN SURROUNDING AREAS
HOMOGENOUS MIXTURE
CORRESPONDING IN STRUCTURE BECAUSE OF A COMMON ORIGIN
HUMIDITY
WATER VAPOR IN THE AIR
HUMUS
DECAYING PLANT AND ANIMAL MATERIALS IN THE SOIL
HURRICANE
A VERY LARGE AND VIOLENT TROPICAL STORM
HYDROELECTRIC ENERGY
ELECTRICITY THAT IS PRODUCED USING THE ENERGY OF WATER MOVING THROUGH A DAM
HYDROSPHERE
ALL THE LIQUID WATER AND ICE ON THE EARTH'S SURFACE, LIQUID WATER IN THE GROUND, AND WATER VAPOR IN THE ATMOSPHERE
HYGROMETER
A WEATHER INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES RELATIVE HUMIDITY
HYPOTHESIS
AN IDEA THAT CAN BE TESTED USING EXPERIMENTS OR OBSERVATIONS
ICECAPS
SHEETS OF ICE THAT COVER AREAS AROUND THE NORTH AND SOUTH POLES
IGNEOUS ROCK
ROCK THAT FORMED FROM COOLED MAGMA OR LAVA
INCLINED PLANE
A SIMPLE MACHINE MADE OF A FLAT, SLOPING SURFACE
INERTIA
THE TENDENCY OF AN OBJECT TO RESIST CHANGE IN MOTION
INEXHAUSTIBLE
ANY LIVING OR NONLIVING THING IN THE ENVIRONMENT OF WHICH THERE IS A LIMITLESS SUPPLY
INFRARED WAVES
A KIND OF INVISIBLE ENERGY FROM THE SUN THAT TRANSFERS HEAT
INHERITED TRAIT
A CHARACTERISTIC THAT IS PASSED FROM PARENTS TO THEIR OFFSPRING
INNER CORE
THE CENTER OF THE EARTH, MADE OF SOLID METALS
INSTINCTIVE BEHAVIOR
A BEHAVIOR THAT AN ANIMAL INHERITS FROM ITS PARENTS--INSTINCT
INSULATOR
A MATERIAL THAT DOES NOT LET HEAT ENERGY OR ELECTRICITY PASS THROUGH IT EASILY
INTERTIDAL ZONE
THE PART OF THE LAND THAT IS COVERED AND UNCOVERED BY TIDES EVERY DAY
INVERTEBRATE
AN ANIMAL THAT DOES NOT HAVE A BACKBONE
JET STREAM
A STEADY WORLDWIDE WIND THAT BLOWS FROM WEST TO EAST HIGH ABOVE THE EARTH
JOULE
A UNIT USED TO MEASURE ENERGY OR WORK
KINETIC ENERGY
THE ENERGY OF MOTION
KINGDOM
THE LARGEST GROUPING OF ORGANISMS IN SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION
LAKE
A LARGE BODY OF STILL WATER, SURROUNDED BY LAND
LANDFILL
A PLACE WHERE GARBAGE IS DUMPED
LANDFORM
A NATURAL STRUCTURE ON THE EARTH'S SURFACE
LANDSLIDE
THE SUDDEN DOWNHILL MOVEMENT OF A HUGE MASS OF ROCK, SOIL, AND MUD
LARVA
THE SMALL, WORMLIKE STAGE IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF SOME INSECTS
LAVA
MELTED ROCK THAT FLOWS OUT OF THE GROUND ONTO THE EARTH'S SURFACE
LEAF
THE PLANT ORGAN WHERE PHOTOSHYNTHESIS OCCURS TO MAKE FOOD FOR THE PLANT
LEARNED BEHAVIOR
A BEHAVIOR THAT AN ANIMAL DEVELOPS BY OBSERVING OTHER ANIMALS OR BY BEING TAUGHT
LENS
A CURVED PIECE OF CLEAR GLASS OR PLASTIC THAT BENDS LIGHT RAYS
LEVER
A SIMPLE MACHINE MADE OF A LONG BAR OR BOARD THAT MOVES AN OBJECT FROM ITS RESTING PLACE
LIFE CYCLE
THE STAGES OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT THAT AN ORGANISM GOES THROUGH IN ITS LIFETIME
LIFE SCIENCE
THE STUDY OF PLANTS, ANIMALS, AND ALL OTHER LIVING THINGS. ALSO CALLED BIOLOGY
LIGHT
A FORM OF ENERGY THAT TRAVELS IN WAVES AND CAN MOVE THROUGH EMPTY SPACE WHERE THERE IS NO AIR
LIGHT-YEAR
A UNIT OF MEASUREMENT EQUAL TO THE DISTANCE THAT LIGHT TRAVELS IN ONE YEAR. THIS IS ALSO THE MEASUREMENT SCIENTISTS USE TO MEASURE DISTANCES BETWEEN OBJECTS IN SPACE!
LIQUID
A STATE OF MATTER IN WHICH THE SUBSTANCE HAS A DEFINITE VOLUME AND TAKES THE SHAPE OF ITS CONTAINER
LITHOSPHERE
EARTH'S ROCKY SURFACE
LITTER
GARBAGE OR TRASH THAT PEOPLE THROW ON THE GROUND IN PUBLIC PLACES.
LOW
ON A WEATHER MAP, AN AREA WHERE THE AIR PRESSURE IS LOWER THAN IT IS IN SURROUNDING AREAS
LUNAR PHASE
THE DIFFERENT SHAPES OR APPEARANCE OF THE MOON THROUGHOUT THE MONTH
LUSTER
THE WAY THAT A MINERAL'S SURFACE REFLECTS LIGHT
MACHINE
A TOOL THAT MAKES WORK EASIER, USUALLY BY ALLOWING YOU TO USE LESS FORCE
MAGMA
MELTED ROCK BELOW THE EARTH'S SURFACE
MAGNET
AN OBJECT THAT ATTRACTS IRON AND A FEW OTHER MAGNETIC MATERIALS LIKE STEEL
MAGNETIC FIELD
THE AREA AROUND A MAGNET WHERE THE FORCE OF MAGNETISM CAN BE FELT
MAGNETISM
A FORCE THAT PULLS MAGNETIC MATERIALS ACROSS A DISTANCE
MAGNIFIER
A TOOL WITH A LENS THAT MAKES THINGS LOOK BIGGER SO YOU CAN SEE THEM MORE CLEARLY
MAGNITUDE
THE SIZE OF SOMETHING, SUCH AS THE BRIGHTNESS OF A STAR OR THE STRENGTH OF AN EARTHQUAKE
MAMMAL
AN ANIMAL THAT HAS A BACKBONE, HAIR OF FUR, BREATHES WITH LUNGS, GIVES BIRTH TO LIVE BABIES, AND FEEDS MILK TO ITS BABIES
MANTLE
THE EARTH LAYER BELOW THE CRUST. IT IS MADE OF MELTED ROCK
MARSH
A SHALLOW BODY OF STILL OR SLOW-MOVING WATER THAT HAS PLANTS GROWING IN IT. LIKE A SWAMP
MASS
THE AMOUNT OF MATTER IN AN OBJECT OR SUBSTANCE
MASS MOVEMENT
A SUDDEN DOWNHILL MOVEMENT OF ROCK OR SOIL, SUCH AS A LANDSLIDE
MATERIAL RESOURCES
LIVING THINGS AND NONLIVING MATERIALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT THAT ARE USEFUL TO PEOPLE
MATTER
THE MATERIAL OR STUFF THAT EVERYTHING IS MADE OF
MELTING POINT
THE TEMPERATURE AT WHICH A SUBSTANCE CHANGES FROM A SOLID TO A LIQUID
MESOSPHERE
THE MIDDLE LAYER OF AIR IN THE EARTH'S SURFACE
METAMORPHIC ROCK
A ROCK THAT IS FORMED WHEN A SEDIMENTARY ROCK UNDERGOES EXTREME HEAT AND PRESSURE
METAMORPHOSIS
THE CHANGES IN FORM THAT SOME INSECTS GO THROUGH DURING THEIR LIFE CYCLE
METEOR
A STREAK OF LIGHT MADE BY A BURNING METEROID IN THE EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE
METEORITE
A METEROID THAT STRIKES THE EARTH'S SURFACE
METER
THE BASIC UNIT OF LENGTH USED IN SCIENCE AND THE METRIC SYSTEM
METRIC SYSTEM
THE SYSTEM OF MEASUREMENT USED IN ALL SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS. BASED ON MULTIPLES LIKE IT IS IN MATH
MICROORGANISM
A LIVING THING SO TINY THAT IT CAN ONLY BE SEEN WITH A MICROSCOPE
MIGRATION
THE SEASONAL MOVEMENT OF ANIMALS FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER PLACE. LIKE BIRDS DO
MILKY WAY GALAXY
THE GALAXY THAT OUR SOLARY SYSTEM IS PART OF
MINERAL
A SOLID NATURAL MATERIAL THAT HAS A CRYSTAL FORM AND ITS OWN SET OF PROPERTIES
MITOCHONDRIA
THE STRUCTURES IN A CELL THAT RELEASE ENERGY FROM THE NUTRIENTS IN FOOD
MIXTURE
A COMBINATION OF TWO OR MORE SUBSTANCES THAT DO NOT FORM A NEW SUBSTANCE
MOLD
A FOSSIL THAT FORMED WHEN AN ORGANISM WAS PRESSED INTO MUD, LEAVING A SHAPE THAT HARDENED INTO ROCK
MOLECULE
A PARTICLE OF MATTER MADE OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS JOINED TIGHTLY TOGETHER
MOLT
TO SHED SKIN, SCALES, FEATHERS, OR AN EXOSKELETON, USUALLY AT A PARTICULAR TIME OF YEAR OR STAGE OR GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
MOON
A NATURAL OBJECT THAT ORBITS A PLANET
MOSS
A KIND OF PLANT THAT DOES NOT HAVE TRUE ROOTS, STEMS, OR LEAVES; REPRODUCES WITH SPORES
MOTION
A CHANGE IN THE POSITION OF AN OBJECT
MOTOR
A DEVICE THAT USES ELECTRICITY TO PRODUCE MOTION
MUTUALISM
A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO DIFFERENT KINDS OF ORGANISMS IN WHICH BOTH ORGANISMS BENEFIT
NATURAL GAS
A BURNABLE GAS FOUND UNDER GROUND AND USED AS FUEL
NATURAL RESOURCES
MATERIALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT THAT ARE USEFUL TO PEOPLE
NEBULA
A CLOUD OF DUST AND GAS IN SPACE
NEUTRON
A PARTICLE THAT IS IN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM AND DOES NOT HAVE A CHARGE
NEWTON
THE UNIT OF FORCE IN THE METRIC SYSTEM
NICHE
THE ROLE THAT AN ORGANISM PLAYS IN ITS HABITAT
NIMBOSTRATUS CLOUD
A LOW, GRAY CLOUD THAT PRODUCES RAIN OR SNOW
NITROGEN
AN ELEMENT THAT PLANTS NEED TO GROW AND STAY HEALTHY, AND THAT ALL ORGANISMS NEED TO MAKE PROTEIN
NITROGEN CYCLE
THE MOVEMENT OF NITROGEN BETWEEN ORGANISMS AND THEIR SURROUNDINGS
NOCTURNAL
ACTIVE AT NIGHT, SLEEP DURING THE DAY.
NOISE POLLUTION
A SOUND THAT IS SO LOUD OR HIGH-PITCHED THAT IT ANNOYS PEOPLE
NONRENEWABLE RESOURCES
RESOURCES THAT NATURE CANNOT REPLACE QUICKLY ENOUGH TO MEET PEOPLE'S NEEDS
NORMAL FAULT
A CRACK IN THE EARTH'S CRUST WHERE A BLOCK OR ROCK DROPPED DOWNWARD
NUCLEAR ENERGY
ENERGY GIVEN OFF WHEN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM BREAKS APART
NUTRIENT
A SUBSTANCE THAT AN ORGANISM NEEDS IN ORDER TO SURVIVE AND GROW
OBSERVATION
THE PROCESS OF USING ONE OR MORE SENSES TO GATHER INFORMATION
OCEAN
THE VAST BODY OF SALTWATER THAT COVERS ALMOST 3/4 OF THE EARTH'S SURFACE
OFFSPRING
NEW ORGANISMS THAT COME FROM PARENT ORGANISMS
OMNIVORE
AN ANIMAL THAT EATS BOTH PLANTS AND ANIMALS
OPAQUE
A SUBSTANCE THAT COMPLETELY BLOCKS LIGHT FROM PASSING THROUGH IT
ORBIT
THE PATH THAT ONE OBJECT IN SPACE TAKES AROUND ANOTHER OBJECT IN SPACE
ORE
A MINERAL THAT CONTAINS A METAL OR OTHER SUBSTANCE THAT IS VALUABLE TO PEOPLE
ORGANISM
A LIVING THING
OUTER CORE
THE EARTH LAYER BELOW THE MANTLE, MADE OF LIQUID METALS
OVARY
A PLANT OR ANIMAL STRUCTURE IN WHICH EGG CELLS DEVELOP
OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE CYCLE
THE MOVEMENT OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND OXYGEN BETWEEN ORGANISMS AND AIR
OZONE
A GAS HIGH IN THE EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE THAT BLOCKS SOME OF THE HARMFUL RADIATION FROM THE SUN
PANGAEA
A CONTINTENT THAT EXISTED MILLIONS OF YEARS AGO AND WAS MADE OF ALL OF TODAY'S SEPARATE CONTINENTS JOINED TOGETHER
PARALLEL CIRCUIT
AN ELECTRIC CIRCUIT IN WHICH EACH DEVICE HAS ITS OWN SEPARATE LOOP
PARASITISM
A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO DIFFERENT KINDS OF ORGANISMS IN WHICH ONE ORGANISM IS HELPED AND THE OTHER IS HARMED
PETALS
THE COLORFUL, SWEET-SMELLING PARTS OF A FLOWER THAT ATTRACTS INSECTS
PETRIFIED FOSSIL
A FOSSIL THAT FORMED WHEN THE HARD PARTS OF AN ORGANISM WERE REPLACED BY MINERALS
PETROLEUM
A LIQUID FOSSIL FUEL
PHASES OF THE MOON
THE REGULAR CHANGES IN THE WAY THE MOON LOOKS FROM THE EARTH
PHLOEM
THE TUBES IN PLANT STEMS THAT CARRY FOOD FROM THE LEAVES TO OTHER PARTS OF THE PLANT
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
THE PROCESS OF USING THE ENERGY IN SUNLIGHT TO MAKE FOOD FROM WATER AND CARBON DIOXIDE
PHOTOTROPISM
THE TURNING OF A PLANT'S LEAVES TOWARD LIGHT
PHYSICAL CHANGE
A CHANGE FROM ONE FORM TO ANOTHER FORM WITHOUT TURNING INTO A NEW SUBSTANCE
PHYSICAL PROPERTY
A PROPERTY THAT CAN BE OBSERVED, MEASURED, OR CHANGED WITHOUT CHANGING THE SUBSTANCE ITSELF
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
THE STUDY OF MATTER, FORCES, MOTION, AND ENERGY
PISTIL
A LONG TUBE THAT GROWS UP FROM THE OVARY IN THE FLOWER
PITCH
HOW HIGH OR LOW A SOUND IS
PLANET
A LARGE OBJECT THAT ORBITS A STAR
PLANT
AN ORGANISM THAT IS MADE OF MANY CELLS WITH A CELL WALL, MAKES ITS OWN FOOD THROUGH PHOTOSYNTHESIS, AND LIVES ON LAND
PLATE
A HUGE PIECE OF EARTH'S CRUST THAT MOVES VERY SLOWLY
PLATE BOUNDARIES
A CRACK IN THE LITHOSPERE WHERE TWO OF EARTH'S PLATES MEET
PLATE TECTONIC THEORY
A THEORY THAT EXPLAINS HOW PARTS OF EARTH'S CRUST HAS MOVED OVER TIME
POLAR CLIMATE
A COLD, DRY CLIMATE LOCATED IN BANDS AROUND THE NORTH AND SOUTH POLES
POLARIZATION
ALLOWING LIGHT VIBRATIONS TO PASS THROUGH IN ONLY ONE DIRECTION
POLLEN
A POWDERY MATERIAL IN FLOWERS THAT CONTAINS SPERM CELLS
POLLINATION
THE TRANSFER OF POLLEN FROM THE STAMENS TO THE PISTIL OF A FLOWER
POLLUTION
ANYTHING IN THE ENVIRONMENT THAT CAN HARM LIVING THINGS OR DAMAGE NATURAL RESOURCES
POLYMER
ANY PLASTIC, SUCH AS POLYETHYLENE, THAT IS MADE OF HYDROCARBON MOLECULES WITH VERY LONG CHAINS OF ATOMS
POND
A SMALL STILL BODY OF WATER SURROUNDED BY LAND
POPULATION
ALL THE ORGANISMS OF THE SAME SPECIES THAT LIVE IN THE SAME PLACE AT THE SAME TIME
POTENTIAL ENERGY
ENERGY THAT IS STORED IN THE OBJECT
POWER
THE AMOUNT OF WORK DONE IN A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF TIME
PRECIPITATION
WATER THAT FALLS TO THE EARTH'S SURFACE IN THE FORM OF RAIN, SNOW, SLEET, OR HAIL!!
PREDATOR
AN ANIMAL THAT HUNTS, CATCHES, AND EATS ANOTHER ANIMAL
PREDICTION
AN IDEA ABOUT WHAT WILL HAPPEN IN THE FUTURE
PREVAILING WINDS
WINDS THAT BLOW IN THE SAME DIRECTION ACROSS A LARGE PART OF THE EARTH
PREY
AN ANIMAL THAT IS HUNTED, CAUGHT, AND EATEN BY ANOTHER ANIMAL
PRISM
A GLASS BAR THAT SEPARATES WHITE LIGHT INTO THE COLORS OF THE RAINBOW
PROCEDURE
THE STEPS IN YOUR LAB WRITTEN IN ORDER
PRODUCER
AN ORGANISM THAT MAKES ITS OWN FOOD
PRODUCT
A NEW SUBSTANCE PRODUCED BY A CHEMICAL CHANGE
PROPERTY
A CHARACTERISTIC OF A SUBSTANCE
PROTIST
A SMALL ORGANISM, USUALLY MADE OF ONE CELL, THAT HAS SOME OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A PLANT OR ANIMAL
PROTON
A PARTICLE THAT IS IN THE NUCLEUS OF AN ATOM AND HAS A POSITIVE CHARGE
PULLEY
A SIMPLE MACHINE MADE OF A WHEEL WITH A ROPE OR CHAIN WRAPPED AROUND IT. THIS GIVES YOU THE ABILITY TO LIFT SOMETHING HEAVY
PUPA
THE STAGE IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF SOME INSECTS WHEN THE ORGANISM CHANGES FROM A LARVA TO AN ADULT
QUARRY
A PLACE WHERE ROCKS ARE TAKEN FROM THE EARTH TO BE USED FOR BUILDING
QUESTION
THIS ESTABLISHES THE PURPOSE FOR YOUR PROCEDURE
RADIATION
THE MOVEMENT OF ENERGY THROUGH SPACE AS WAVES
RADIOACTIVE
DESCRIBES AN ELEMENT THAT GIVES OFF TINY PARTICLES AND ENERGY FROM INSIDE ITS OWN ATOMS
RADIO TELESCOPE
A DISH-SHAPED TELESCOPE THAT COLLECTS RADIO WAVES FROM OUTER SPACE
RAIN GAUGE
AN INSTRUMENT THAT MEASURES RAINFALL
RAREFACTION
AN AREA IN A SOUND WAVE WHERE AIR MOLECULES ARE SPREAD OUT
RECLAMATION
RETURNING A DAMGED AREA TO ITS ORIGINAL CONDITION
RECYCLING
A PROCESS WHERE WASTE ITEMS ARE USED TO MAKE NEW THINGS
REFLECTING TELESCOPE
A TELESCOPE WITH TWO MIRRORS AND ONE LENS
REFLECTION
THE BOUNCING BACK OF LIGHT RAYS FROM A SURFACE
REFRACTING TELESCOPE
A TELESCOPE WITH TWO LENSES
REFRACTION
THE BENDING OF LIGHT RAYS AS THEY MOVE FROM ONE MATERIAL TO ANOTHER MATERIAL
RELATIVE HUMIDITY
THE AMOUNT OF WATER VAPOR THAT THE AIR IS HOLDING COMPARED WITH THE AMOUNT THAT IT COULD HOLD AT THAT TEMPERATURE
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
RESOURCES THAT NATURE PRODUCES AGAIN AND AGAIN
REPRODUCTION
THE PROCESS OF MAKING MORE ORGANISMS OF THE SAME KIND
REPTILE
AN ANIMAL THAT HAS A BACKBONE, DRY LEATHERY SKIN OR SCALES, BREATHES AIR WITH LUNGS, AND LAYS EGGS WITH LEATHERY SHELLS OR GIVES BIRTH TO LIVE YOUNG
RESEARCH
LOOKING UP INFORMATION SO YOU CAN HAVE SOME KNOWLEDGE ABOUT YOUR TOPIC
RESIN CODE
THE SYMBOL THAT TELLS YOU CAN HAVE SOME KNOWLEDGE ABOUT YOUR TOPIC
RESISTOR
A DEVICE IN A CIRCUIT THAT SLOWS THE ELECTRIC CURRENT BUT DOES NOT STOP IT
RESOURCE
ANY MATERIAL THAT HELPS SUPPORT LIFE ON EARTH
RESPIRATION
THE PROCESS OF BREATHING IN AIR TO GET OXYGEN AND BREATHING OUT WASTE GASES
REVERSE FAULT
A CRACK IN THE EARTH'S CRUST WHERE A BLOCK OF ROCK WAS PUSHED UP
REVOLUTION
ONE COMPLETE TRIP OF A PLANET AROUND THE SUN
RICHTER SCALE
A WAY OF COMPARING THE STRENGTHS OF EARTHQUAKES
RIFT VALLEY
A DEEP VALLEY THAT RUNS DOWN THE MIDDLE OF A MID-OCEAN RIDGE
RIVER
A WIDE BODY OF SLOW MOVING WATER
ROCK
A SOLID MIXTURE OF MINERALS THAT WAS FORMED IN THE EARTH'S CRUST
ROCK CYCLE
THE PROCESS OF ROCKS CHANGING INTO OTHER KINDS OF ROCKS
ROOTS
PLANT STRUCTURES THAT HOLD A PLANT IN PLACE AND TAKE IN WATER AND NUTRIENTS FROM THE SOIL
ROTATION
THE SPINNING OF A PLANET OR A MOON ON ITS AXIS
RUNOFF
PRECIPITATION THAT FALLS INTO RIVERS AND OCEANS
SANITARY LANDFILLS
A PLACE WHERE GARBAGE IS BURIED, PACKED DOWN, AND COVERED WITH SOIL AND THAT IS BUILT TO KEEP HARMFUL CHEMICALS AND GASES FROM LEAKING OUT
SATELLITE
AN OBJECT THAT ORBITS A PLANET
SAVANNA
A KIND OF GRASSLAND
SCAVENGER
A MEAT-EATING ANIMAL THAT FEEDS ON THE REMAINS OF DEAD ANIMALS
SCIENTIST
SOMEONE WHO STUDIES THE NATURAL WORLD
SEDIMENTARY ROCK
ROCK THAT FORMED WHEN SEDIMENTS WERE PRESSED AND CEMENTED TOGETHER
SEDIMENTS
BITS OF ROCK, SOIL, SAND, AND THE REMAINS OF ORGANISMS
SEED
A STRUCTURE PRODUCED BY A PLANT THAT CONTAINS A TINY UNDEVELOPED PLANT AND A SUPPLY OF FOOD FOR THE PLANT
SEISMOGRAPH
A SCIENCE TOOL THAT MEASURES THE STRENGTH OF EARTHQUAKES
SERIES CIRCUIT
AN ELECTRIC CIRCUIT IN WHICH THE DEVICES ARE CONNECTED IN ONE CONTINUOUS LOOP
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
THE PRODUCTION OF A NEW ORGANISM FROM A FEMALE SEX CELL AND A MALE SEX CELL
SHEAR
STRESS THAT PUSHES A MASS OF ROCK IN OPPOSITE DIRECTIONS
SHORELINE
THE AREA WHERE THE OCEAN MEETS THE LAND
SIMPLE MACHINE
A TOOL THAT MAKES IT EASIER TO MOVE AN OBJECT
SMOG
A KIND OF AIR POLLUTION THAT FORMS WHEN HARMFUL GASES IN THE AIR REACT WITH SUNLIGHT
SOIL
A MATERIAL MADE OF TINY PIECES OF ROCK, MINERALS, AND DECAYED PLANT AND ANIMAL MATTER
SOLAR CELL
A DEVICE THAT CHANGES SOLAR ENERGY TO ELECTRIC ENERGY
SOLAR ENERGY
ENERGY FROM SUNLIGHT
SOLAR FLARE
AN ERUPTION ON THE SUN'S SURFACE
SOLAR SYSTEM
THE SUN AND ALL OF THE OBJECTS THAT MOVE AROUND IT
SOLID
A STATE OF MATTER IN WHICH THE SUBSTANCE HAS A DEFINITE SHAPE AND A DEFINITE VOLUME
SOLSTICE
A DAY WITH THE MOST HOURS OF DAYLIGHT OR DARKNESS, EITHER THE FIRST DAY OF SUMMER OR THE FIRST DAY OF WINTER
SOLUBILITY
A MEASURE OF HOW MUCH OF ONE SUBSTANCE WILL DISSOLVE IN ANOTHER SUBSTANCE
SOLUTION
A MIXTURE WITH ONE SUBSTANCE SPREAD OUT EVENLY IN ANOTHER SUBSTANCE SO THAT YOU CANNOT TELL THE TWO SUBSTANCES APART
SONAR
THE USE OF SOUND WAVES TO MEASURE OCEAN DEPTH
SOUND
A FORM OF ENERGY PRODUCED BY VIBRATING OBJECTS
SPECIES
A GROUP OF ORGANISMS OF THE SAME KIND THAT CAN MATE AND PRODUCE OFFSPRING LIKE THEMSELVES
SPEED
THE DISTANCE AN OBJECT MOVES PER UNIT OF TIME, SUCH AS MILES PER HOUR
SPERM CELL
A MALE CELL THAT JOINS WITH A FEMALE CELL TO PRODUCE A NEW ORGANISM
SPORE
A SEED LIKE STRUCTURE THAT PRODUCES A NEW PLANT
STAMEN
THE MALE PART THAT PRODUCES POLLEN IN A FLOWER
STANDARD UNIT
A MEASUREMENT UNIT THAT MANY PEOPLE AGREE TO USE, SUCH AS THE INCH OR CENTIMETER
STAR
AN OBJECT IN SPACE THAT PRODUCES ITS OWN HEAT AND LIGHT
STATE OF MATTER
A FORM THAT MATTER CAN TAKE--SOLID, LIQUID, GAS
STATIC ELECTRICITY
THE BUILDUP OF ELECTRIC CHARGES ON AN OBJECT
STEM
THE PART OF THE PLANT THAT HOLDS THE LEAVES UP TO SUNLIGHT AND MOVES WATER, NUTRIENTS AND FOOD THROUGH THE PLANT
STIMULUS
SOMETHING THAT MAKES AN ORGANISM ACT IN A CERTAIN WAY
STRATOSPHERE
THE SECOND LOWEST LAYER OF AIR IN THE EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE
STRATUS CLOUD
A FLAT, GRAY LAYERED CLOUD THAT COVERS THE SKY
STREAK
THE COLOR OF THE MARK THAT A MINERAL MAKES WHEN IT IS SCRAPED ON A WHITE TILE
STREAM
A NARROW BODY OF FLOWING WATER
STRIKE-SLIP FAULT
A CRACK IN THE EARTH'S CRUST WHERE BLOCKS OF ROCK MOVE SIDEWAYS PAST EACH OTHER
SUSPENSION
A MIXTURE IN WHICH FLOATING PARTICLES CAN EASILY BE SEEN
SWAMP
A SHALLOW BODY OF STILL OR SLOW-MOVING WATER THAT HAS PLANTS GROWING IN IT--A MARSH
SWITCH
A DEVICE THAT OPENS AND CLOSES AN ELECTRIC CIRCUIT TO STOP AND START THE FLOW OF ELECTRONS
TAIGA
A BIOME WITH COOL TEMPERATURES AND MANY CONIFERS
TELESCOPE
A TOOL FOR OBSERVING DISTANT OBJECTS
TEMPERATE CLIMATE
A CLIMATE WITH TEMPERATURES THAT CHANGE WITH THE SEASONS AND PRECIPITATION THAT VARIES FROM PLACE TO PLACE AND SEASON TO SEASON
TEMPERATURE
THE AVERAGE SPEED OF PARTICLES IN A SUBSTANCE
TENSION
A MOVEMENT OF PLATES THAT STRETCH OR PULLS APART THE EARTH'S CRUST
THERMAL ENERGY
THE ENERGY OF MOVING PARTICLES IN A SUBSTANCE. ALSO KNOWN AS HEAT ENERGY
THERMOSPHERE
THE SECOND HIGHEST LAYER OF THE EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE
THREATNED SPECIES
A SPECIES THAT COULD BECOME ENDANGERED IF ITS NUMBERS CONTINUE TO DECREASE
THUNDERSTORM
A STORM WITH LIGHTNING, THUNDER, RAIN, AND SOMETIMES HAIL
TIDE
CHANGES IN WATER LEVEL AT THE SHORELINE. IT IS CAUSED BY THE PULL OF GRAVITY BETWEEN EARTH AND THE MOON
TISSUE
A GROUP OF CELLS THAT WORK TOGETHER TO PERFORM A CERTAIN FUNCTION IN AN ORGANISM
TORNADO
A DARK FUNNEL OF STRONG WINDS THAT SPIRAL UPWARD
TRACE FOSSIL
A FOOTPRINT, A TRACK, OR BURROW MADE BY AN ORGANISM AND PRESERVED IN ROCK
TRAIT
A CHARACTERISTIC OF AN ORGANISM
TRANSLUCENT
ALLOWS ONLY SOME LIGHT TO GET THROUGH. THE OBJECTS APPEAR BLURRY
TRANSPARENT
ALLOWS ALL LIGHT TO GET THROUGH. THE OBJECTS CAN BE SEEN CLEARLY
TRANSPIRATION
THE RELEASE OF WATER VAPOR INTO THE AIR FROM A PLANT'S LEAVES
TRENCH
A STEEP CRACK IN THE OCEAN FLOOR
TRIAL
A REPEAT OF A TEST OR AN OBSERVATION
TRIBUTARY
A STREAM OR SMALLER RIVER THAT FLOWS INTO A LARGER RIVER
TROPICAL CLIMATE
A WARM CLIMATE LOCATED IN A WIDE BAND AROUND THE EQUATOR
TROPICAL RAINFOREST
A BIOME WITH HEAVY RAINFALL AND WARM TEMPERATURES YEAR-ROUND
TROPOSPHERE
THE LAYER OF AIR IN THE EARTH'S ATMOSPHERE WHERE WEATHER TAKES PLACE. IT IS JUST ABOVE THE EARTH'S SURFACE
TSUNAMI
A GIANT OCEAN WAVE CAUSED BY AN UNDERSEA EARTHQUAKE OR LANDSLIDE
TUNDRA
A BIOME WITH COLD TEMPERATURES AND NOT MUCH RAIN
UNBALANCED FORCES
FORCES THAT ARE UNEQUAL IN SIZE OR DIRECTION AND THAT CHANGE AN OBJECT'S MOTION
UNIT
A WORD OR SYMBOL THAT TELLS WHAT A NUMBER STANDS FOR
VACUOLES
SPACES IN A CELL THAT STORE WATER AND NUTRIENTS UNTIL THE CELL NEEDS THEM OR STORE WASTES UNTIL THE CELL CAN GET RID OF THEM
VARIABLE
ANYTHING THAT CAN CHANGE IN AN EXPERIMENT
VELOCITY
THE SPEED AND DIRECTION AN OBJECT IS MOVING
VENT
AN OPENING IN A VOLCANO THAT MAGMA, GASES, AND OTHER MATERIALS COME OUT OF
VERTEBRATE
AN ANIMAL THAT HAS A BACKBONE
VIBRATION
A RAPID BACK AND FORTH MOVEMENT THAT PRODUCES SOUND
VISIBLE LIGHT
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES THAT YOU CAN SEE, INCLUDING ALL COLORS OF THE RAINBOW
VOLCANIC ISLAND CHAIN
A GROUP OF ISLANDS MADE OF VOLCANOES THAT BUILT UP FROM THE OCEAN FLOOR
BINGO CARD
VOLCANO
A MOUNTAIN BUILT UP FROM HARDENED LAVA, ROCKS, AND ASH THAT ERUPTED OUT OF THE EARTH
VOLT
THE UNIT USED TO MEASURE THE PUSH OF ELECTRONS IN A CIRCUIT
VOLTAGE
THE PUSH THAT MAKES AN ELECTRIC CURRENT MOVE THROUGH THE CIRCUIT
VOLUME
THE AMOUNT OF SPACE THAT AN OBJECT OR SUBSTANCE TAKES UP
WARM FRONT
THE LEADING EDGE OF A MOVING MASS OF WARMER AIR
WATER CYCLE
THE CHANGE OF WATER FROM ONE STATE TO ANOTHER AS IT MOVES BETWEEN THE EARTH'S SURFACE AND THE ATMOSPHERE
WATER PRESSURE
THE WEIGHT OF WATER PRESSING ON AN OBJECT THAT IS UNDER WATER
WATER VAPOR
THE GASEOUS STATE OF WATER
WAVE
A REPEATING UP AND DOWN OR BACK AND FORTH MOTION OF MATTER
WAVELENGTH
THE DISTANCE BETWEEN ONE CREST AND THE NEXT CREST OR BETWEEN ONE WAVE TROUGH AND THE NEXT TROUGH
WEATHER
THE CONDITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE AT A CERTAIN PLACE FOR A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME
WEATHER FORECASTER
A PERSON WHO PREDICTS WHAT THE WEATHER WILL BE BASED ON WEATHER DATA
WEATHER SYSTEM
AN AREA IN THE LOWER ATMOSPHERE WHERE THE AIR IS MOVING AROUND A HIGH OR LOW
WEATHERING
THE BREAKING DOWN AND WEARING AWAY OF ROCK
WEIGHT
A MEASURE OF THE PULL OF GRAVITY ON AN OBJECT
WETLAND
A BIOME WHERE WATER AND LAND MEET, SUCH AS A MARSH, SWAMP, OR A SEASONAL POND
WIND
MOVING AIR
WIND VANE
A WEATHER INSTRUMENT THAT SHOWS THE DIRECTION THE WIND IS COMING FROM
WORK
THIS IS DONE WHEN A FORCE MOVES AN OBJECT THROUGH A DISTANCE
YEAR
THE TIME IT TAKES FOR EARTH TO MAKE ONE TRIP AROUND THE SUN
CARBON
THIS IS THE SIXTH MOST ABUNDANT ELEMENT IN THE UNIVERSE. IT IS COMMONLY OBTAINED FROM COAL DEPOSITS.
BINGO CARD
COAL
A HARD, BLACK COLORED ROCK-LIKE SUBSTANCE THAT IS MADE UP OF CARBON, HYDROGEN, OXYGEN, NITROGEN, AND SULPHUR. IT IS USED TO FUEL POWER PLANTS AND FACTORIES.
SUN
THIS IS THE CENTER OF OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. THE ENERGY IT PRODUCES THROUGH NUCLEAR FUSION PROVIDES HEAT AND LIGHT FOR THE PLANETS.
OIL
THIS IS A FOSSIL FUEL AND WAS FORMED MORE THAN 300 MILLION YEARS AGO.
FOSSIL FUELS
THESE WERE FORMED HUNDRENDS OF MILLIONS OF YEARS AGO BEFORE THE DINOSAURS. THERE ARE THREE TYPES OF THESE: COAL, OIL, AND NATURAL GAS
CONSERVE
THIS WORD MEANS TO MANAGE, PROTECT, AND USE NATURAL RESOURCES WISELY
INEXHAUSTIBLE RESOURCE
THIS IS A RESOURCE THAT IS NEVER USED UP.
ANCIENT SEAS
PREHISTORIC SEAS
REDUCE
TO MAKE SMALLER IN SIZE, AMOUNT, OR NUMBER
REUSE
TO USE AGAIN IN A DIFFERENT WAY