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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
non-living parts of an ecosystem
abiotic factors
a characteristic that enables a living thing to survive
adaptation
living parts of the ecosystem
biotic factors
an adaptation in which an animal protects itself against predators by blending in with the environment
camouflage
an animal that eats another animal
carnivore
a relationship between two kinds of organisms that benefits one without harming the other
commensalism
any animal that eats plants or other plant eating animals
consumer
any of the fungi or bacteria that break down dead plants and animals into useful things like minerals and rich soil
decomposer
the study of how living things and non-living things interact
ecology
all the living and non-living things in an environment and their interactions with each other
ecosystem
The path of the energy in food from on organism to another
food chain
the overlapping food chains in an ecosystem
food web
an animal that eats producers
herbivore
the organism a parasite lives on
host
an adaptation in which an animal is protected against predators by its resemblance to another unpleasant animal
mimicry
a relationship between two kinds of organisms that benefits both
mutualism
an animal that eats both plants and animals
omnivore
a relationship in which one organism lives in or on another organism and benefits from that relationship while the other organism may be harmed
parasitism
an animal that hunts other animals for food
predator
a living that that is hunted for food
prey
a relationship between two kinds of organisms that benefits one without harming the other
commensalism
any animal that eats plants or other plant eating animals
consumer
any of the fungi or bacteria that break down dead plants and animals into useful things like minerals and rich soil
decomposer
the study of how living things and non-living things interact
ecology
all the living and non-living things in an environment and their interactions with each other
ecosystem
a living thing that is hunted for food
prey
any of the plants or algae that produce oxygen and food that animals need
producer
a type of camouflage in which the color of the animals blends with its background protecting it from its predators
protective coloration
a meat eating animal that feeds on the remains of dead animals
scavenger
a relationship between two kinds of organisms that lasts over time
symbiosis