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94 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a work that functions on a symbolic level
allegory
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
ex-"Peter Piper picked..
alliteration
a reference contained in a work
allusion
a metrical pattern of two unaccented syllables followed by an accented syllable
ex- da da DUM
anapest
the force or character that opposes the main character
antagonist
direct address in poetry
apostrophe
words spoken by an actor inteded to be heard by the audience but not by other characters on stage.
aside
a love poem set at dawn which bids farewell to the beloved
aubade
a simple narrative poem, often incorporating dialogue that is written in quatrains
ex- A B C D
ballad
unrhymed iambic pentameter
blank verse
harsh and discordant sounds in a line or passage of literary work
cacophony
the release of emotion that the audience of tragedy experiences
catharsis
one who carries out the action of the plot in literature.
ex- major, minor, static, dynamic
character
the turning point of action or character in a literary work.
climax
the inclusion of a humorous character or scene to contrast with the tragic elements of a work
comic relief
a clash between opposing forces in a literary work
ex- man vs man, man vs nature, man vs God, man vs self
conflict
the interpretive level of a word based on its associated images rather than its literal meaning.
connotation
a traditional aspect of literary work
ex- soliloquy or tragic hero
convention
two lines of rhyming poetry
couplet
a foot of poetry consisting of a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables.
ex- DUM da da..
dactyl
the literal or dictionary meaning of a word
denotation
the conclusion or tying up of loose ends in a literary work.
denouement
"the god from the machine" who appears at the last moment and resolves the loose ends of a play.
deus ex mechina
the author's choice of words
diction
a type of poem that presents a conversation between a speaker and an implied listener.
dramatic monologue
a poem that laments the dead or a loss
elegy
a technique in poetry that involves the running on of a line or stanza
enjambment
a lengthy, elevated poem that celebrates the exploits of a hero
epic
a brief witty poem
epigram
the pleasant, mellifluous presentation of sounds in a literary work
euphony
background information presented in a literary work
exposition
a simple, symbolic story usually employing animals as characters.
fable
the body of devices that enables the writer to operate on levels other than the literal one.
figurative language
a device that enables a writer to refer to past thoughts, events, episodes
flashback
a metrical unit in poetry
foot
hints of future events in a literary work
foreshadowing
the shape or structure of a literary work
form
poetry without a defined form, meter, or rhyme scheme
free verse
extreme exaggeration
hyperbole
a metrical foot consisting of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one
iamb
a type of lyric poem which extols the virtues of an ideal place or time
idyll
a verbal approximation of a sensory impression, concept, or emotion
image
the total effect of related sensory images in a work of literature
imagery
writing that reflects a personal image of a character, event, or concept.
impressionism
an unexpected twist or contrast between what happens and what was inteded or expected to happen
irony
a type of poetry characterized by emotion, personal feelings, and brevity
lyric poetry
a direct comparison between dissimilar things
metaphor
refers to the work of poets who explore highly complex, phylosophical ideas through extended metaphors and paradox
metaphysical poetry
a pattern of beats in poetry
meter
a figure of speech in shich a representative term is used for a larger idea
metonymy
a speech given by one character
monologue
the repetition or variations of an image or idea in a work which is used to develop theme or characters
motif
a poem that tells a story
narrative poem
the speaker of a literary work
narrator
an eight-line stanza
octave
a formal, lengthy poem that celebrates a particualr subject
ode
words that sound like the sound they represent
onomatopoeia
an image of contradictory terms
oxymoron
a story that operates on more than one level and usually teaches a moral lesson
parable
a secondary story line that mimics and reinforces the main plot
parallel plot
a comic imitation of a work that ridicules the original
parody
the aspects of a literary work that elicit pity from the audience
pathos
the assigning of human qualities to inanimate objects or concepts
personification
a sequece of events in a literary work
plot
the method of narration in a work
point of view
the hero or main character of a literary work
protagonist
a four-line stanza
quatrain
the denouement of a literary work
resolution
a question that does not expect an explicit answer
rhetorical question
the duplication of final syllable sounds in two or more lines
rhyme
the repetitive pattern of beats in poetry
rhythm
a style or movement of literature that has as its foundation an interest in freedom, adventure, idealism, and escape
romanticism
a mode of writing based on ridicule, which criticizes the foibles and follies of society without necessarily offering a solution
satire
a six-line stanza
sestet
a highly structured poetic form of 39 lines, written in iambic pentameter
sestina
setting
the time and place of a literary work
simile
an indirect comparison that uses the words "like" or "as" to link the differing items in the comparison
soliloquy
a speech in a play which is used to reveal the character's inner thoughts to the audience
sonnet
a 14-line poem with a prescribed rhyme scheme in iambic pentameter.
spondee
a poetic foot consisting of two accented syllables
stage directions
the specific instructions a play-wright includes concerning sets, characterization, delivery, etc.
stanza
a unit of a poem, similar in rhyme, meter, and length to other units in the poem
structure
the organization and form of a work
style
the unique way an author presents his ideas
(diction,syntax,imagery,structure and content)
subplot
a secondary plot that explores ideas different from the main storyline
symbol
something in a literary work that stands for something else
synecdoche
a figure of speech that utilizes a part as representative of the whole
syntax
the grammatical structure of prose and poetry
tercet
a three-line stanza
theme
the underlying ideas that the author illustrates through characterization, motifs, language, plot, etc.
tone
the author's attitude toward his subject
tragic hero
a basically good person of noble birth or exalted position who has a fatal flaw or commits an error in judgement which leads to his downfall. Muast have a moment of realization and live and suffer.
understatement
the opposite of exaggeration. it is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
villanelle
a highly structured poetic form that comprises six stanzas (five tercets and a quatrain)