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114 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
COMMUNICATION IS THE ?
EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION AND IDEAS
A HEALTH CARE WORKER'S PROFESSIONAL APPEARANCE CAN COMMUNICATE?
pride and competence
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DENOTES NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR?
written word, spoken word, tone of voice, aggressive style
TONE OF VOICE
periods of silence during the communication process allow the health care worker to?
OBSERVE NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR
ASSERTIVE PERSONALITY TYPES ARE DESCRIBED AS?
ACTING CONFIDENT AND BEING RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR ACTIONS
GAINING INSIGHT INTO YOUR PERSONAL FEELINGS IN AN EXAMPLE OF?
SELF AWARENESS
YOU OVERHEAR JANE TELLING HER MOTHER THAT SHE IS "AFRAID TO RIDE OVER THE BRIDGE", JANES MOTHER RESPONDS "DONT BE SILLY, LETS GO" THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF ?
BELITTING
A MOTHER COMES IN WITH A BABY SHE CAN'T HARDLY SPEAKS ENGLISH, THE BEST ACTION FOR YOU IS TO?
SPEAK VERY SLOWLY
GROWTH CAN BE DEFINED AS?
AN INCREASE IN PHYSICAL SIZE
ACCORDING TO FREUD, WHAT PART OF THE MIND ACTS AS ONE'S CONSCIOUS?
SUPEREGO
ACCORDING TO ERIKSON'S STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TASK WOULD A 9 YR OLD BE COMPLETING?
trust, industry, initiative, autonomy
INDUSTRY
AT THE COMPLETION OF PIAGET'S SENSORIMOTOR STAGE OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT, THE CHILD?
RECOGNIZES HIMSELF OR HERSELF AS SEPARATE
THEORIES OF PERSONALITY HELP THE NURSE TO?
PROVIDE INDIVIDUAL HEALTH CARE
MASLOWS HUMANISTIC APPROACH TO DEVELOPMENT EMPHASIZES THE IMPORTANCE OF?
BASIC GOODNESS IN PEOPLE
THE TERM MOST ASSOCIATED WITH MASLOW IS?
SELF ACTUALIZATION
ACCORDING TO FRUED'S THEORY, THE RATIONAL PORTION OF THE MIND THAT TRIES TO BALANCE ID IMPULSES WITH THE DEMANDS OF THE SUPEREGO IS?
EGO
THE PURPOSE OF DEFENSE MECHANISMS IS TO?
REDUCE ANXIETY
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DEFENSE MECHANISMS IS CONSIDERED TO BE A POSTIVE METHOD OF COPING?
projection, displacement, reaction formation, sublimation
SUBLIMATION
MORAL DEVELOPMENT ?
OCCURS IN AN ORDERLY SEQUENCE
WHAT IS THE MODERN DEFINITION OF "FAMILY"?
TWO OR MORE PEOPLE WHO LIVE TOGETHER AND SHARE A BOND OF LOVE AND INTIMACY
WHICH CHARACTERISTIC DO ALL FAMILIES HAVE?
A SPECIFIC PURPOSE
WHICH GOAL IS COMMON TO ALL FAMILIES?
PERSONAL FULFILLMENT OF THE MEMBERS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A BASIC FAMILY FUNCTION?
philosophical ideals, honesty, protection, creativity
PROTECTION
WHICH IS A COMMON FAMILY TYPE?
open, closed, bonded, extended
EXTENDED
CHARACTERISTICS OF FUNCTIONAL FAMILIES INCLUDE?
THE ABILITY TO FOSTER GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
THE PRIMARY SOCIALIZING AGENT FOR CHILDREN IS?
FAMILY
THE NURSE ADVOCATES FOR SECONDARY PREVENTION OF FAMILY VIOLENCE BY PROVIDING?
REHABILITATION AND EDUCATION
TO CLARIFY THE ROLES OF FAMILY MEMBERS WITHIN A FAMILY, THE NURSE WOULD ASK?
WHO DO YOU GO TO IN THE FAMILY WHEN YOU NEED SOMEONE TO TALK TO?
T OR F: IN THE FORMAL GRANDPARENTING ROLE, DISCIPLINE OF THE CHILD IS LEFT TO THE PARENT
TRUE
the community health nurse is working with a family after one of its members experiences a major health crisis and records signs of a healthy family when?
the family states they have plans to share caregiving
accommodation ?
?
animistic?
?
assimilation?
?
autonomy?
independence and a sense of self
cephalocaudal?
a directional term that refers to growth and development that begins at the head and progresses downward toward the feet
compensation?
?
defense mechanisms?
also known as: mental mechanisms, techniques used at all stages of the life cycle to help individuals cope with the threat of anxiety
denial?
the mental mechanism whereby the individual is unable to recognize the event or emotions surrounding an occurrence. These events are so painful they are pushed out of consciousness.
development?
the progressive acqusition of skills and the capacity to function
displacement?
a mental mechanism that transfers emotions associated with a person or object to another, less threatening person or object.
EGO
the executive of the mind. it relates most closely to reality
EGO INTEGRITY?
a period of self satisfaction that occurs during old age
ELECTRA COMPLEX?
a young girls sexual attraction toward her father and unconscious wish to replace her mother
GENERATIVITY?
Erikson's task for middle aged adults. It involves individual's desires to serve the larger community and have positive influences on their children
GROWTH?
an increase in physical size
HEREDITY?
all characteristics that are transmitted through the genes and determined at the time of fertilization
ID?
the body's basic, primitive urges
IDENTIFICATION
a mental mechanism in which one takes on the personality traits of another person, usually one held in high esteem
LIBIDO?
sex drive
MATURATION
the unfolding of skills or potential regardless of practice or training
OEDIPUS COMPLEX?
a young boys sexual attraction for his mother and unconscious wish to replace his father
PERSONALITY?
the unique behavior patterns that distiguish one person from another
PROJECTON?
a mental mechanism referred to as the blaming mechanism; in projection the individual rejects unacceptable thoughts or feelings and attributes them to another person
PROXIMODISTAL
a directional term that refers to growth and development that progresses from the center of the body toward the extremities
PUBERTY?
the period following childhood and before adolescence in which the body prepares for the changes necessary for reproduction
RATIONALIZATION?
a mental mechanism used to justify or excuse undesirable actions or feelings. It is a face-saving technique that may or may not deal with the truth
REACTION FORMATION?
a mental mechanism that keeps unacceptable feelings or thoughts out of one's awareness and replaces them with opposite feelings or thoughts
SCHEMA?
?
STAGNATION?
the lack of generativity; characterized by having feelings of self absorption and general dissatisfaction with life
SUBCONSCIOUS?
?
SUBLIMATION
a mental mechanism in which the individual channels or redirects unacceptable impulses into socially acceptable outlets
SUPEREGO
the part of the mind that dictates right from wrong and is similiar to the conscience
SUPPRESSION?
the mental mechanism whereby one consciously puts out of awareness one's distressing feelings
UNCONSCIOUS?
?
UNDOING?
a mental mechanism in which the individual acts in a manner that symbolically cancels a previous unacceptable thought or action
COMMUNICATION
an interaction between two or more persons
FEEDBACK
the response to a message
MESSAGE?
the expression of thoughts and feelings in words, symbols, and body language
METHOD?
the way a message is conveyed
NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
communication using body language
RECEIVER?
the person to whom a message is sent
SENDER?
the person who delivers a message
SOCIAL COMMUNICATION
communication that is used every day is light and superficial
THERAPEUTIC COMMUNICATION
communication that is purposeful and goal directed
VERBAL COMMUNICATION
transmission of attitudes, thoughts, and feelings using spoken or written words
AUTONOMY
independence and a sense of self
DYSFUNCTIONAL FAMILY
a family that is unable to offers its members a stable structure
FUNCTIONAL FAMILY
a family that fosters the growth and development of its members
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
the number of infant deaths before teh first birthday per 1,000 live births
NUTURANCE
the provision of love, care, and attention to each family member
OMNIPOTENCE
sense of unlimited power or authority
SOCIALIZING AGENT
the agent that helps to instill beliefs, values, and mores in a child. The family is the first socializing agent for a child.
Health care workers must recognize the patient as a part of the family unit, not in isolation
It is important that nurses not only be aware of different family variations, also be open and nonjudgemental in their approaches to patient care
"classic" basic family unit...
defined as two or more people related by blood, marriage or adoption who live together
each family member needs protection aginst inherited and acquired illness (internal forces) and injury (external forces)
families protect their children by using discipline. The words and actions of parents help shape the child's behavior
the family provides nurturance--loving care and attention--to each of its members
children also need to have limits set on their behavior. Without such discipline, a child feels unprotected and unloved.
some experts classify deaths as premature, unexpected, and catatrophic. Premature often are those that occur to an infant or to a child, often without warning. Unexpected deaths also occur without warning
catastrophic deaths are deaths that result from violent, terrosit activity, or natural disasters
parents should help their children understand the concept of death
teach your children the "circle of life" allowing a child to grieve for teh small loss of a pet or an animal helps to accomplish such teaching
divorce is another common ex. of family breakdown, it presents a family unit with 3 challenges:
1. moving forward
2. developing new ties
3. reinventing parenting roles
grief support
offer self and support
avoid cliches
recognize that time is needed for healing
be nonjudgemental
suggest professional help
childrens different concepts of death at different ages
1. infants--no concept of death
2. toddlers--temp or reversible
3. preschool--thoughts caused the death, guilt & shame
schoolage-permanent/misdeeds/monster/evil thing
adolescents-guilt/shame/least likely to accept death, esp of one of their peers
nuclear, conjugal family
husband / wife / with children
extended family
husband and wife, children, and grandparents or other family members
single parent family
mother or father and children
blended or reconstituted family
mother or father, stepparent, and children
cohabitative family
man, woman, and children
communal family
individuals with their mates and children
foster or adoptive family
parents or caregivers and children
lesbian or gay family
two women or two men, with or without children
helpful hints on stepchildren

1. share and value memories
2. encourage respect for individual differences
3. give everyone a place for their belongings
4. avoid taking sides or show favoritism
5. establish a united approach to child care
6. avoid neg comments about the absent parent
7. be sensitive to children's concerns about difference in their surnames
couple stage
establish bonds between individuals
adjust to new routines
define roles and responsibilities
childbearing stage
integrate baby into family unit
adjust to new roles, extend relations to extended family
explore and establish child care philosophy
grown child stage
adjust to new roles and empty nest
focus on reestablishing marital relationship
develop new roles, interests and accomplishments
older family stage
adjust to retirement living
decline in income
changing health and reduced energy
build self-esteem
healthy relationship
1. clarify roles w/family of origin and self identity
2. permit autonomy and to maintain intimacy
3. value time for privacy
4. seek support when stressed
5. bonds in times of stress
6. respect partners worth
7. handle with open communication
8. maintain a sense of humor
9. mates need for security and safety
10. caring and romantic outlook
11. have fun and share
oldest child
parents undivided attention for a period creating a sense of omnipotenence, unlimited power or authority
second child, middle child
never has the undivided attention of the parents as the first child, always compete or compare with first child, may work hard to achieve or give up
youngest child
baby of the family, may gain attention and importance from this position, could be positive or negative
only child
has only adults as company and role models, how the child handles the presence and attention of adults varies with the individual
authoritarian or autocratic
makes all decision
permissive or laissez-faire family
complete freedom
univolved family
little or no commitment to parenting
authoritative or democratic family
offers its members choices and encourages participation and individual responsibiltiy
primary prevention of violence.......is aimed at reducing the risk through teaching parenting skills
secondary prevention of violence....is focused on rehabilitation after the abuse has occurred.