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84 Cards in this Set

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What are alteratives?
Help the body rid itself of waste, toxins and pollutants, traditionally used for any chronic degenerative condition of unknown cause.
What are the most common forms are alteratives?
Cholagogues or liver (bitter) tonics bc they help remove wastes through the liver and biliary system.
Another form alterative?
Lymphagogue - improve lymph circulation when chronic dz has affected it
What internal problems that cause "toxins" do alteratives help with?
PMS, acne, "rage of puberty" bc due to liver issues
Effects of alteratives?
subtle, can help all dzs
Signs that alterative is helping?
decrease HA, increase energy, decrease pain/stiffness, sense of vitality
3 neutral alteratives that can be used broadly?
Galium aparine, Medicago sativa, Catalpa bignoides
Most often used alterative?
Taraxacum bc effective, inexpensive and available
Brett's favorite alterative?
Trifolium pratense; Trifolium Compound is an old Eclectic alterative formula with a bunch of other herbs as well.
In addition to alteratives, what should someone do?
exercise, massage, hydro, multivitamin
Achillea millefolia (yarrow)
Indications?
female urinary system cleanse
Achillea millefolia (yarrow)
Properties
Cholagogue
Achillea millefolia (yarrow)
Toxicity
GI upset, convulsions, caution in pregnancy
Allium sativum (garlic)
Indications
Everything, women - decrease yeast infx, increase fertility, men - circulation
Allium sativum (garlic)
Properties
cholagogue, hepatic
Allium sativum (garlic)
other indications?
liver, circulation, skin, immunte yss, GI problems
Allium sativum (garlic)
Constituents?
allin, allicin
Allium sativum (garlic)
Toxicity?
rare, gastritis
Arctium lappa (burdock)
Properties?
cholagogue
Arctium lappa (burdock)
constituents?
artiin, artiopicrin, inulin
Arctium lappa (burdock)
Parts used?
whole plant!
seeds - internally for skin is best, GU
leaves - skin/liver
roots - GI, GU, skin
Berberis vulgaris (barberry)
Indications?
IBS, jaundice, GI, GU
Berberis vulgaris (barberry)
Properties?
hepatic, cholagogue, bitter tonic
Berberis vulgaris (barberry)
Constituents?
berberine
Berberis vulgaris (barberry)
Toxicity
do not use in pregnancy, increase bile flow and inotropic effect
What contains berberine?
Berberis vulgaris, Coptis aquafolium, trifolia, chinensis, Hydrastis canadensis
Ceonothus americanus (NJ tea) "first C"
Indications?
spleen enlargement!
Ceonothus americanus (NJ tea) Properties?
lymphagogue
Ceonothus americanus (NJ tea) Constituents?
ceonothus red and white ceanothine
Chelidonium majus (greater celandine) "second C" Indications?
Liver!
Chelidonium majus (greater celandine) Properties?
hepatic
Chelidonium majus (greater celandine) Constituents?
10 alkaloids: chelidonine, chelerythine, coptisine, protopine, sanguinarine, chelidonic acid
Chelidonium majus (greater celandine) Part used?
root/rhizome
Chelidonium majus (greater celandine) Toxicity?
do not use root/stem fresh, dry only, overdose gives burning in throat, NV, GI pain, coma, death
Chionanthus vierginicus (fringe tree) "third C" Indications?
Gall Bladder! cholecystitis, icterus, glc in urine, chronic gastritis from high living
Chionanthus vierginicus (fringe tree) Properties?
cholagogue
Chionanthus vierginicus (fringe tree) Constituents?
phyllyrin
Chionanthus vierginicus (fringe tree) Part used?
bark
Coptis trifolia (goldthread) Indications?
mouth ulcerations, thrush, dyspepsia
Coptis trifolia (goldthread)
Properties?
bitter
Coptis trifolia (goldthread)
Consituents
berberine, coptine
Coptis trifolia (goldthread)
Pregnancy?
NO
Echinacea angustifolia
Indications?
sepsis, immune sys, skin, mucus mem
Echinacea angustifolia
Properties?
immune stim
Echinacea angustifolia
Constituents?
volatile oils, flavonoids, echinacosides (chicoric acid, isobutylamide, cynarin), mucopolysaccharides, alkylamides, PAs
Echinacea angustifolia
Preparations?
many forms:fresh, dried, freeze-dried, juice - contain different amounts of constituents
Fucus vesiculosus (bladderwrack) Indications?
Gives you iodine, obesity
Fucus vesiculosus (bladderwrack) is it an alterative?
Not really bc its not blood cleansing, but it alters the structure or fx of individual via thyroid
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Indications?
lymphedema, swelling in groin, GU concerns
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Properties?
lymphogogue
Galium aparine (cleavers) Constituents?
asperuloside
Gelsemium sempervirens (yellow jessamine) Important to know?
Toxic - rigid os, during labor. use homeopathically!
Gelsemium sempervirens (yellow jessamine) etc?
more of a nervine; gelsamine, gelseminine; toxicity causes decr resp, muscle weakness, double vision, decr pulse, decr pressure
Brett wants us to remember?
give nipple stimulation during birth
Guiacum officinalis (guiac) (Ginger of New England) Indications
Joints, diuretic, laxative, stool tests
Guiacum officinalis (guiac)
Constituents?
resins guiaconic, guaiacic, guiaretic acids - antiinflam, antiox
Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal) Indications?
everthing, antimicrobial, ulcerations of mouth
Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal) Properties?
bitter, immune stim
Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal) Constituents?
hydrastine, berberine, canadine
Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal) Pregnancy?
NO
Iris versicolor - spec indications?
enlarged soft, and yielding lymphatic enlargements
thyroid fullness
splenic fullness
Iris versicolor - best form?
NEVER RAW!! Must be dried or heated
also must be dried before use in a tincture
Test question-what's the difference between the swellings that indicate phytolaca v iris versicola
phytolaca - hard swellings
iris - soft swellings
iris versicolor - constituent that is bold in her notes
irisin
juglans cinera - uses
Pin worms in children
juglans cinera - uses again
astringent for gi tract
juglans cinnera -more uses?
says in my notes this is the only helminthic that you can use while your pregnant BUT
Then she says that juglans cinera contains?
anthraquinone glycosides that you shouldn't take while pregnant as it may induce labor. hmmmmm
Bold print constituent for juglans?
juglandic acid
Mahonia aquifolium - constituents
berberine, berbamine, sbenzylisoquinoline, a white alkaloid oxycanthine,
mahonia aquafolium - effects
enhances macrophage activity, increases bile flow, stimulated gi mucosa
mahonia indications?
chronic skin dz, profusely secreting tumid mucous membranes
Medicago sativa - dangers?
In pregnancy - not good because of the coumarins.
How is medicago sativa similar to Actea racemosa(black cohosh)?
They both have estrogenic properties - medicago even more than Actea racemosa.
Medicago sativa - use?
good for hot flashes but risky
What can coumarins do?
Increase photosensitivity
Medicago sativa - bolded constituents?
diadzein, formononetin, genistein, biochannin A, saponins medicagenic acid, hederagenin, fibers lignan, hollocellulose
Never use medicago in pt with..?
SLE due to presence of L-canavanine -she noted this
Also use medicago sativa with caution for?
pregnant women
Other negative effects of medicago sativa?
can cause fertility problems
Menyanthes trifoliata - use?
Bitter that's good for chronic arthritis
menyanthes trifoliata - constituent?
iridoid monoterpenes (menthiofolin) - hence the bitterness
Menyanthes trifoliata - what form?
Use dried only - fresh causes emesis
Manyanthes trifoliata - uses 3 of them?
digestive disorders where the blood making is impaired associated with uterine diseases;
following the use of quinine in malarial diseases;
chronic rheumatism