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34 Cards in this Set

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People are considered mentally healthy when they...
Possess Knowledge of themselves; meet their basic needs; assume responsibility for their behavior; have learned to integrate thoughts, feelings, and actions; can successfully resolve conflicts; maintain relationships; communicate directly with others; respect others; and adapt to change.
Mental Illness
Occurs when an individual is not able to view self clearly or has a distorted view of self; is unable to maintain satisfying relationships; and is unable to adapt to the environment.
Mental Disorder
Clinically significant behavior or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and is associated with present distress or disability or with a significantly increased risk of suffering, death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom.
Five components necessary to the development of a therapeutic working relationship according to Townsend.
Trust, Rapport, respect, genuineness, and empathy.
Trust
The ability to rely on an individual's character and ability.
The ability to rely on an individual's character and ability.
Trust
Three major activities that facilitate the development of trust.
Consistency, respect, honesty.
Rapport
A bond or connection between two people that is based on mutual trust.
A bond or connection between two people that is based on mutual trust.
Rapport
Respect
The acceptance of an individual as is, in a non judgmental manner.
The acceptance of an individual as is, in a non judgmental manner.
Respect
Genuineness
Sincerity. An attribute easily perceived by the client and can be the most significant aspect of the nurse client relationship.
Sincerity. An attribute easily perceived by the client and can be the most significant aspect of the nurse client relationship.
Genuineness
Empathy
The ability to perceive and relate to anothers personal experience.
The ability to perceive and relate to anothers personal experience.
Empathy
Crisis
A stressor that forces an individual to respond and/or adapt in some way.
A stressor that forces an individual to respond and/or adapt in some way.
Crisis
Symptoms of a client experiencing crisis
Anxious, angry, aggressive, homicidal, suicidal, psychotic or any combination of these.
Anxiety
a state wherein a person feels a strong sense of dread frequently accompanied by physical symptoms of increased heart and respiratory rates and elevated blood pressure in the absence of a specific source or reason for these emotions and responses. Subjective response that occurs when a person experiences a real or perceived threat to well being; a diverse feeling of dread or apprehension.
a state wherein a person feels a strong sense of dread frequently accompanied by physical symptoms. Subjective response that occurs when a person experiences a real or perceived threat to well being; a diverse feeling of dread or apprehension.
Anxiety
Four escalating stages of anxiety
Mild, Moderate, Severe, Panic
Psychosis
Losing touch with reality
Delusions
false beliefs that misrepresent reality
Hallucinations
perceptions that something is present when it is not (hearing voices, etc..)
Losing touch with reality
Psychosis
false beliefs that misrepresent reality
Delusions
perceptions that something is present when it is not (hearing voices, etc..)
Hallucinations
Most Common Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder
The presence of at least major depressive episode that: lasts at least 2 weeks; represents a change from previous functioning; Causes some impairment in a person's social or occupational functioning. Plus 5 or more symptoms of depression must also be present. One of these symptoms must be either depressed mood or loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Exhibits symptoms of excessive anxiety, chronic worry, or dread. The symptoms include 3 or more of the following; restlessness, easy fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability, trembling, muscle tension, abdominal upsets, and sleep disturbance. (Excessive is 6 months or more)
Exhibits symptoms of excessive anxiety, chronic worry, or dread. The symptoms include 3 or more of the following; restlessness, easy fatigue, difficulty concentrating, irritability, trembling, muscle tension, abdominal upsets, and sleep disturbance. (Excessive is 6 months or more)
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Panic Disorder
Diagnosed when the client experiences at least 2 panic attacks followed by at least 1 month's concern about having another another panic attack. Characterized by any 4 of the following: palpitations or rapid heart rate, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, sensation of choking, nausea, chest pain, dizziness, fear of losing control, fear of dying, numbness or tingling, chills or hot flashes, and some sense of altered reality.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
The individual has persistent recurring thoughts or impulses that are intrusive or inappropriate causing anxiety or fears leading the individual to perform repetitive behaviors or rituals to neutralize the anxiety caused by the obsession.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder - see book.