Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/32

Click to flip

32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Development
an orderly pattern of changes in structure, thoughts, feelings, or behaviors resulting from maturation, experiences and learning (devel of brain, internal values)
Growth
an increase in body size or changes in body cell structure, function,and complexity (increase size)
Morality
relating to right and wrong
Moral Behavior
the way a person perceives the requirements necessary for people to live together and how he or she responds to them
Moral Development
the pattern of change in moral behavior with age
Personality
the outward expression of the inner self
Self Concept
the collection of ideas, feelings, and beliefs one has about oneself
******Principles of Growth & Development**********
predetermined genetic base
environmental factors( living conditions)
Psychosocial experiences
Orderly and sequential
Continuous & complex
Stages of growth and development
1. Neonatal(birth to 28 days)
2. Infancy (1mo. -1 yr)
3.Toddlerhood (1-3 yrs)
4. Preschool (3-6 yrs)
5.School age (6-12 yrs)
6.Adolescence(12-20 yrs)
7.Young Adulthood(20-40yrs)
8.Middle Adulthood(40-65 yrs)
9.Older Adulthood
young-old (65-74 yrs)
middle-old(75-84 yrs)
old-old(85+)
Erikson's Theory of psychosocial development
Infancy(BIRTH TO 18 mo.)
Early dhildhood(18 mo.-3yrs)
Late childhood(3-5yrs)
School Age(6-12yrs)
Adolescence (12-10yrs)
Young Adulthood(18-25yrs)
Adulthood(25-65yrs)
Maturity(65-death)
How can a nurse enhance a clients positive resolutions of a deveol. task
Nurses can enhance a clients development by being aware of persons developmental stages and by helping the person deveolp coping skills raltive to stressors experienced at that level
Advantages and Dis-advantages
of applying growth and development concepts to nursing practice
-
**Factors Influencing Growth**

Genetic History
(physical characteristics, such as height, bone, size, eye and hair color, devel. of such diseases as cancer and diabetes
Factors Influencing Growth

Genetic Growth
Prenatal, individual, and caregiver factors
**Factors Influencing Growth**

Prenatal
( maternal age, substance abuse, inadequate prenatal care amd maternal nutrition) Ex. teenage mom or 40+mother
single mom( financial social economic status)
**Factors Influencing Growth**

Individual
(congenital or genetic disorders, brain damage, vision, and hearing impairments, lead poisoning, poverty, substance abuse
**Factors Influencing Growth**

Caregiver
factors( neglect and abuse, mental illness or retardation, severe, learning disability)
**Factors Influencing Growth**

Environment
(poverty and violence)
**Factors Influencing Growth**

Nutrition
(infants malnourished in utero develop fewer brain cells, congenital abnormalities, prematurity, low birth rate
***Theories of development****

FREUD
theory of psychoanalytical development
***Theories of development****

PIAGET
theory of cognitive development
***Theories of development****

ERICKSON
theory of psychosocial development
***Theories of development****

HAVIGHURST
theory based on developmental tasks
***Theories of development****

GOULD
theory based on specific beliefs and developmental phases
***Theories of development****

LEVINSON
theory based on the organizing concepts of individual structures
***Theories of development****

KOHLBERG
theory of moral deveolpment
***Theories of development

GILLIGAN
conception of morality from the female point of view
***Theories of development***

FOWLER
theory of faith and development
***Components of Freud's theories***
The unconscious mind - fantasy, fears
The id self gratification
The ego- conscious part of mind desire vs realty
The super ego
***Components of Freud's theories***

The unconscious mind
The unconscious mind: memories, motives, fantasies, fears, that are not accessible to recall but affect direct behavior
***Components of Freud's theories***

THE id
concerned with self gratification by the earliest and quickest means ( I wan it right now)
***Components of Freud's theories***

The EGO
conscious part of the mind