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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Alignment (posture)
The proper relationship of body segments to one another.
Stability; steadiness; equilibrium.
Base of support
The area on which an object rests.
Body mechanics
The efficient and coordinated use of the body to produce motion and maintain balance during activity.
Center of gravity
The point at which the mass (weight) of the body is centered. (slightly anterior to upper part of sacrum).
Permanent shortening of a muscle and subsequent shortening of tendons and ligaments.
Dorsal recumbent (back-lying) position
A supine position with the head and shoulders slightly elevated.
Fowler's position
A bed sitting position with the head of the bed raised to 45 degrees.
Hand roll
A device to prevent flexion contractures of the fingers.
High-Fowler's position
A bed sitting position in which the head of the bed is elevated 90 degrees.
Hydraulic lift
A device used in transferring the client between the bed and a wheelchair, the bed and the bathtub, and the bed and a stretcher.
Lateral (side-lying) position
The person lies on one side of the body.
Line of gravity
An imaginary vertical line running through the center of gravity.
A technique used to turn a client whose body must at all times be kept in straight alignment.
Low-Fowler's (semi-Fowler's) position
A bed-sitting position in which the head of the bed is elevated between 15 and 45 degrees, with or without knee flexion
Orthopneic position
A sitting position to relieve respiratory difficulty in which the client leans over and is supported by an overbed table across the lap.
A technique in which the body is turned in a way that avoids twisting of the spine.
The bearing and position of the body; the relative arrangements of the various parts of the body.
Prone position
Face-lying position, with or without a small pillow.
Sims' (semiprone position) position
Side-lying position with lowermost arm behind the body and uppermost leg flexed.
Sliding board
A smooth polyethylene board that is used by a nurse to help transfer a client.
Transfer (walking) belt
A belt that has a handle that allows the nurse to control movement of the client during a transfer.
Trochanter roll
A rolled towel support placed against the hips to prevent external rotation of the legs.
Antiembolism (elastic) stockings
Firm elastic hosiery that exerts external pressure to compress the veins of the legs, decrease venous blood from pooling in the extremeties, and facilitate the return of venous blood from the heart.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
The development of a blood clot in the deep veins of the leg.
Homans' sign
Calf pain produced by dorsiflexion of the foot.
sequential compression device (SCD)
A device to promote venous return by alternately inflating and deflating plastic sleeves wrapped around the legs.
Pulmonary embolus (PE)
A blood clot that has moved to the lungs
Intentional trauma
Occurs during therapy (operations, venipunctures, or radiation burns)
Unintentional trauma
accidental (MVA)
Closed wound
tissues traumatized without a break in the skin.
Open wound
skin or mucous membrane surface is broken.
Clean wound
uninfected wounds that have minimal inflammation and do not enter the respiratory, gastrointestinal, genital, or urinary tracts.
Contaminated wound
include open, accidental wounds and surgical wounds involving a major break in sterile technique or a large amount of spillage from the gastrointestinal tract.
Dirty/Infected wound
wounds containing dead tissue and wounds with evidence of a clinical infection (purulent drainage)
Pressure ulcer (decubitus ulcers, bedsores)
Reddened areas, sores, or ulcers of the skin occurring over bony prominences.
Thick necrotic tissue produced by burning, by a corrosive application, or by death of tissue associated with loss of vascular supply, bacterial invasion, and putrefaction
Back-lying position with feet supported in stirrups; the hips should be in line with the edge of the table.
Stage I pressure ulcer
nonblancheable erythema of intact skin.
Stage II pressure ulcer
Partial thickness skin loss involving epidermis, dermis, or both. The lesion is superficial and presents clinically as an abrasion, blister, or shallow center.
Stage III pressure ulcer
Full thickness skin loss involving damage or necrosis of subcutaneous tissue that may extend down to, but not through, underlying fascia. The sore presents clinically as a deep crater with or without undermining of adjacent tissue
Stage IV pressure ulcer
Full thickness skin loss with extensive destruction, tissue necrosis, or damage to muscle, bone, or supporting structures.