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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
4 properties of rocks
shape
size
color
texture
Geologists use _____ _______
to help identify different rocks
rock properties
Some dimensions of rocks can be _______&_________
measured & compared
Rocks are made of ingredients called_______________
minerals
Minerals are made of ______
ingredient
one
Some ingredients can be identified by _________
breaking rocks apart
Water separates ingredients.
Some ______ into smaller pieces, some __________
Water separates ingredients Some break into smaller pieces and some dissolve
Evaporation is a way to separate _______ and ______
ingredients.
liquid and solid
Mineral crystals have identifiable _________
shapes
Rocks can be separated in 2 ways
1. breaking them apart
2. dissolving them in water
Our mock rock was made of 4 things
gravel
sand
flour
salt
You can tell the hardness of a rock by_________ it with a nail.
scraping
Crystals formed from the dissolved ____ that went into the water.
salt
When the water evaporates, the salt turns into ________.
crystals.
Geology
study of Earth's history & structure
Geologist
person who studies the Earth and the materials it is made from.
property
something you can see
size
color
shape
texture
circumference
distance around a circular object
depth
how thick an object is from top to bottom
meter tape
measures linear (line) dimensions
balance
measures mass
rock
earth material made up of different ingredients called minerals
mineral
ingredient of rocks that can not be broken down any further
dissolve
when substances mix with water, they break down into such small pieces that they seem to disappear in the water
crystal
solid form of material that can be identified by its shape or pattern
evaporates
when water is left open to the air, it turns into a gas & goes into the air.