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33 Cards in this Set

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The Important words for the section:
TECHNOLOGY
SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
SCIENCE AND SOCIETY
DESC 1
The frutis of scientific inquires and information are everywhere and impact all aspects of human life
Desc 2`
there is controversy regarding what scientific information should be put to use or even studied
desc 3
we can use science to our won benefit, to keep informed of how to live a helthy life and keep the world around us healthy for us an dfor future generations
desc 4
SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE CAN BE POWERFUL AND SOCIEETY MUST GUARD INSELF FROM THOSE WHO WISH TO SUE THAT POWER WRONGLY
Science is headed at under maney disciplines include the heading "science" and each one is an intimate parte of our everyday lives: therefoe sciens Itself is an intimitate part
Sound engineer
doctor or chemest-make a cream with vitamins to improve your face
Acricultural scientist allows fruit and vegtables, to be sold
Auto engineeer
t or f-almost everything can be seen as scientific knowledge
t
Does controversy start be cause we have intmaacy with
what science should and should do
ethics is concerned with what
It comes into play when individuals try to determine the correct or incorrect uses of scientific ifo, but very often pro sceinists can not come into agreegemt regaurding professiona ethics
Power can come into frequency based on what power in society has at a given moment of time.
bush and the fetus cell therry is an example
Euthansia
Euthanasia (from Ancient Greek: ευθανασία, "good death"[I]) is the practice of ending the life of a terminally ill person in a painless or minimally painful way, for the purpose of limiting suffering. Laws around the world vary greatly with regard to euthanasia and are constantly subject to change as cultural values shift and better palliative care or treatments become available. It is legal in some nations, while in others it may be criminalized.
Extinct Species
Bring Back extint species by cloing them using a sample of their DNA mixed with the DNA mixed with the DNA of related species
genitically modiefied organisms
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using the genetic engineering techniques generally known as recombinant DNA technology. With recombinant DNA technology, DNA molecules from different sources are combined in vitro into one molecule to create a new gene. This modified DNA is then transferred into an organism causing the expression of modified or novel traits. The product is also known as an Genetically Engineered Organism or GEO.

The term "GMO" has historically been defined as organisms whose genetic makeup has been altered by conventional cross breeding or by "mutagenesis" breeding, as these methods predate the discovery of the recombinant DNA techniques. However, this term is now interchangeable with Genetically Engineered Organism. Many individuals use the idea with food products, and using genetic engeering to fix the problem
Science is headed at under maney disciplines include the heading "science" and each one is an intimate parte of our everyday lives: therefoe sciens Itself is an intimitate part
Sound engineer
doctor or chemest-make a cream with vitamins to improve your face
Acricultural scientist allows fruit and vegtables, to be sold
Auto engineeer
t or f-almost everything can be seen as scientific knowledge
t
Does controversy start be cause we have intmaacy with
what science should and should do
ethics is concerned with what
It comes into play wehn individuals try to determine teh correct or incorrect uses of scientific ifo, but very often pro sceincts can not come into agreegemt regaurding professiona ethics
Power can come into frequency based on what power in society has at a given moment of time.
bush and the fetus cell therry is an example
Euthansia
Euthanasia (from Ancient Greek: ευθανασία, "good death"[I]) is the practice of ending the life of a terminally ill person in a painless or minimally painful way, for the purpose of limiting suffering. Laws around the world vary greatly with regard to euthanasia and are constantly subject to change as cultural values shift and better palliative care or treatments become available. It is legal in some nations, while in others it may be criminalized.
Extinct Species
Bring Back extint species by cloing them using a sample of their DNA mixed with the DNA mixed with the DNA of related species
Cloning
Reproductive Cloning

Celebrity Sheep Has Died at Age 6

Dolly, the first mammal to be cloned from adult DNA, was put down by lethal injection Feb. 14, 2003. Prior to her death, Dolly had been suffering from lung cancer and crippling arthritis. Although most Finn Dorset sheep live to be 11 to 12 years of age, postmortem examination of Dolly seemed to indicate that, other than her cancer and arthritis, she appeared to be quite normal. The unnamed sheep from which Dolly was cloned had died several years prior to her creation. Dolly was a mother to six lambs, bred the old-fashioned way.

Image credit: Roslin Institute Image Library, http://www.roslin.ac.uk/imagelibrary/

Reproductive cloning is a technology used to generate an animal that has the same nuclear DNA as another currently or previously existing animal. Dolly was created by reproductive cloning technology. In a process called "somatic cell nuclear transfer" (SCNT), scientists transfer genetic material from the nucleus of a donor adult cell to an egg whose nucleus, and thus its genetic material, has been removed. The reconstructed egg containing the DNA from a donor cell must be treated with chemicals or electric current in order to stimulate cell division. Once the cloned embryo reaches a suitable stage, it is transferred to the uterus of a female host where it continues to develop until birth.

Dolly or any other animal created using nuclear transfer technology is not truly an identical clone of the donor animal. Only the clone's chromosomal or nuclear DNA is the same as the donor. Some of the clone's genetic materials come from the mitochondria in the cytoplasm of the enucleated egg. Mitochondria, which are organelles that serve as power sources to the cell, contain their own short segments of DNA. Acquired mutations in mitochondrial DNA are believed to play an important role in the aging process.

Dolly's success is truly remarkable because it proved that the genetic material from a specialized adult cell, such as an udder cell programmed to express only those genes needed by udder cells, could be reprogrammed to generate an entire new organism. Before this demonstration, scientists believed that once a cell became specialized as a liver, heart, udder, bone, or any other type of cell, the change was permanent and other unneeded genes in the cell would become inactive. Some scientists believe that errors or incompleteness in the reprogramming process cause the high rates of death, deformity, and disability observed among animal clones
What is cloning?
What is cloning? Are there different types of cloning?
When the media report on cloning in the news, they are usually talking about only one type called reproductive cloning. There are different types of cloning however, and cloning technologies can be used for other purposes besides producing the genetic twin of another organism. A basic understanding of the different types of cloning is key to taking an informed stance on current public policy issues and making the best possible personal decisions. The following three types of cloning technologies will be discussed: (1) recombinant DNA technology or DNA cloning, (2) reproductive cloning, and (3) therapeutic cloning.
Using Sciece to our advantage?Intro
despite all controversy most people will agree that scie3nce has an overall postivie impact on human lifer, or at least has the poteintial to have a postive impact
Using Sciece to our advantage? The use of the Scientific method
in a smiple sense we use the sci method to approach problems in our everyday lifes such as figuring out how to ue leftoveries, before they make you sick
Using Sciece to our advantage?
evyday prodcuts
We can ue technological knowledge to be better informeds as tow what to purchase for our everyday use, comptuters, appliecnces, cars
Using Sciece to our advantage?
for use with good health
Use of scientific knowledgy to stay informed and have a healthy life
Using Sciece to our advantage?
Humanitare org. can take advantage of scie priciples to understand probulation growth in third world countries, probability models can be used to to study and best plan, to sustain poulations, and special programs can be implemented to help studies
Using Sciece to our advantage?
use by politicians and citizens
citizens and politicians can help interactt the envirmomental crises that are all ready been taken, and make smart decisons about it.
Using Sciece to our advantage?
the use of biotecholgobio
biotech research does alot of the good include the follwoing
improve quality of live for people with genetic diseases
-gene therepy doctors have a chance of diagnosing gene disease early, and combat them
-geneltialy modified food, ther esi the potential to enhamce teh nutritional value fo certain foods and so improve the quality of food in areas that have always suffered from lack of nutr.
Some times science has been used in the wrong ways
Eugenics, Hitler-only wantied to have one breed of individuals
Social Darwinism
social daarwinism
Social Darwinism is the idea that Charles Darwin's theory can be extended and applied to the social realm, i.e. that just as competition between individual organisms drives biological evolutionary change (speciation) through "survival of the fittest" (not a scientific term itself), competition between individuals, groups, nations or ideas drives social evolution in human societies.

The term was popularized in 1944 by the American historian Richard Hofstadter, and has generally been used by critics rather than advocates of what the term is supposed to represent (Bannister, 1979; Hodgson, 2004).

While the term has been applied to the claim that Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection can be used to understand the social endurance of a nation or country, social Darwinism commonly refers to ideas that predate Darwin's publication of his theory. Others whose ideas are given the label include the 18th century clergyman Thomas Malthus, and Darwin's cousin Francis Galton who founded eugenics towards the end of the 19th century.

Some claim that it supports racism on the lines set out by Arthur de Gobineau before Darwin published his theories, which directly contradict Darwin's own work. This classification of social Darwinism constitutes part of the reaction against the Nazi regime and the Holocaust
teaches must relize that
science is all about around us and must be and they must be able to convey to students, though examples in the lives. teaches musk acknowledge controversy regaurding scientific knowledge. there will always be reasons for controversies,
SOM PHOILOSPHERS SUPPORT SCIENTCIC KNOWLEDGE BUT IT
CAN BE HARFMUL AT TIMES LIKE WHAT HITLER DID